Western the region as well (BBC). The UN pressured

Western Sahara was originally founded as a Spanish colony.  However the United Nations resolution 1514 called for the independence of African nations colonized by European powers earlier (UN). All African countries were decolonized by 1880 excluding Western Sahara which at the time was still colonized by Spain (BBC). When Morocco gained independence from France it claimed Spanish Sahara was a part of pre-colonial Morocco (Mid. East Eye). A group called the POLISARIO Front and the country of Mauritania made claims to the region as well (BBC). The UN pressured Spain to decolonize Western Sahara and so it held a referendum in which  the Sahrawi people could decide whether they wanted to be a sovereign country or or be amalgamated with Mauritania and the POLISARIO Front (BBC). However Morocco made a request to the UN to delay this so that it could call a heeding from the International Court of Justice over its sovereignty to the land (MPEPIL). Morocco’s request was approved by the UN and one day later it organized a visiting mission to Western Sahara which revealed the overwhelming amount of people there for its independence from Morocco and that the POLISARIO Front was the most prevalent political influence in the Western Sahara (Britt.). The International Court of Justice said “the Court’s conclusion is that the materials and information presented to it do not establish any time of territorial sovereignty between the territory of Western Sahara and the Kingdom of Morocco or the Mauritanian entity” one day after the UN mission to Western Sahara (MPEPIL). Directly following this Morocco organized the “Green March” which was a demonstration consisting of 300,000 Moroccans escorted by Moroccan troops where they  walked into Spain with the purpose of pressuring Spain to hand over sovereignty of Western Sahara to Morocco (BBC). This demonstration met no opposition to Spanish forces. However they met resistance from the POLISARIO front which led to the sixteen year war between the two countries lasting from 1975-1991 (BBC). In 1975, Spain being under Moroccan pressure; decided to create the Madrid accords which was a tripartite administration in which administrative control of the region was handed to Morocco and Mauritania (UN). It also confirmed Spanish presence of the area would be completely withdrawn by February 28, 1976 (UN). The nation of Mauritania would have administrative control over the bottom third of Western Sahara while Morocco would have administrative control over the northern two thirds (UN). These accords did not grant sovereignty to any of the nations. This deeply upset the POLISARIO Front as it believed this agreement completely disregarded the International Courts of Justices’ opinion on Western Sahara. However in 1979 Mauritania withdrew its claims to Western Sahara, and In 1991 the UN orchestrated a cease fire bringing a halt to the violence (BBC). As well as a cease-fire the UN also said they would have a referendum ready in six months to finally solve the dispute over the land; however no action has been taken to this day (UN).  The POLISARIO front still makes military maneuvers along the border between it and Morocco further continuing the territorial dispute.
UN Involvement:
The UN was first involved in Western Sahara started on April 28, 1991 directly after the cease-fire of the Western Saharan War (UN).  A peacekeeping mission called The United Nations Mission for the Referendum of Western Sahara or (MINURSO) established by Security Council resolution 690 was sent in to monitor the application of the cease-fire and to help implement a referendum to establish Western Sahara’s future status (UN). They also have the task of confirming the reduction of Moroccan forces in the area, ensure the release of all detainees and political prisoners, and register qualified voters for the referendum for self-determination of the Sahrawi people on Western Sahara (UN). An attempt for this referendum occurred in 1992, but due to a disagreement on both sides of which voters were eligible this never happened (UN). The Houston agreement aimed to finally organize a referendum but failed in 1997 (Uni. of Penn). Labeled as UN document S/1997/742,  the Baker Plan was another proposal for a referendum in 2003 (MERIP). While the POLISARIO Front collectively agreed upon it; Morocco did not because not all of its territorial inhabitants were allowed to vote in it (UN). Another major issue in Western Sahara are the extensive amount of mines from the war.  Currently there is a berm of land acting as a border between the Moroccan part of Western Sahara and the POLISARIO part of Western Sahara which has a lot of mines endangering UN military personnel and local populations (UN).  They also endanger local peoples livestock which are necessary for their survival. To combat this a UN organization known as the United Nations Mine Action Service or (UNMAS) started a program in Western Sahara called the Mine Action Coordination Center or (MACC) to destroy mines and unexploded ordnances along this berm (UN). So far the MACC has verified 8,555 kilometers of roads for UN military observer patrols, destroyed and removed 7,754 land mines and 7,945 unexploded ordnances, and 22,674 sub munitions (UN). As well as removing or destroying explosives the MACC educates locals and UN personnel on mine safety. 2,915 MINURSO personnel have received “Landmine Training Safety” and approximately 56,100 locals and nomadic people have received “mine risk” education (UN). 
Delegation Policy and Solutions:
The Netherlands is among the few EU member states that recognized the West Sahara as an “occupied state” (ECFR). The Netherlands involvement in this issue goes deeper than just recognition. Morocco has made plans to focus of the extraction of fishing, phosphates, hydrocarbons and become popular among the Sahrawi people, ultimately limiting resistance (ECFR). A plan made by the Economic, Social and Environmental Council(CESE) (ECFR); wanted to further development in the region by enlisting help of other countries, including the Netherlands (ECFR). In 2005 various companies including the Norwegian, Yara, stopped extraction in Morocco due to domestic pressures (ECFR). The Netherlands have not been heavily involved in these conflicts, therefore they do not have a particular stand or side of the issue. Besides their involvement with their company Yara in hopes to help development in Morocco, The Netherlands has stayed primarily with the EU in regards to these conflicts (ECFR).   The Netherlands was one of the donors in the negotiation conducted by the “Group of Friends of the West Sahara”(US, France, Russia, UK, Spain) (What’s in Blue).  The solution was drafted by the US addressing the issues with Al-Guergarat (What’s in Blue). Although the disputes between the Moroccan government and the POLISARIO Front have been disputing over this region, Morocco has shown initiative to win over the Sahrawi people and if they are able to persuade the majority of the people the land should be given to Morocco (ECFR). The POLISARIO Front is considered a libertarian movement and if their opinions speak to the majority of the people they should receive the land. Although the UN has already conducted an unsuccessful referendum for the disputed land, possibly holding another vote would prove positive for the region.