Thisarticle talks about statistics, factors, effects and ways to solve joblessissues among graduates in this country. The author is optimistic about this issueas jobless graduates have been among the significant worries of the worldrecently that should be settled rapidly. There are several statisticsof youth unemployment, including those who have just freshly graduated.
Theamount of youth unemployment which is between the ages of 15–24 is a biggernumber. A survey in 2015 found youth unemployment in Malaysia has reached 10.7 percent in 2015, which is three times the national unemployment rate of 3.1 percent. Next, the ratio of those without a job is higher amongpeople who have a tertiary education than among those who do not have atertiary education. According to the Ministry of Education, the unemploymentrate of youth with higher education is 15.
3 per cent compared to those with nohigher education at 9.8 per cent in 2015. Next, factors affecting unemploymentamong graduate are lack of job skills and poor communicationskills. Graduates find it challenging tohunt for employment upon graduation as they are lack of job skills. Mismatch between supply and demand conditionsfor graduate employment, reflecting a supply driven education system withrelevance to labour market conditions. For example, the employers do not needthe skill that the graduates have. Furthermore, graduates are lack of communicationskills Moreover, unemployment in a countrywill have an impact on the economy. The”underground economy” would have a tendency to develop with thedeveloping joblessness among the young, particularly graduates.
We will have more individuals going toindustries that are known as “disrupters”, where technology is used to conveyto the public products and services at a reasonable price. Moreover, it would affect Governmentfinances. Last but not least, there arevarious ways to overcome unemployment problems among graduates at thistime. Malaysia has to increase the valuechain in its production methods and reduce the dependency on foreign workers.For example, government can think of a plan where organizations will getincentives if they employ local people and tax them seriously if they getimmigrants to do the work. We partially disagree with theauthor about the factor of the jobless graduates. Many graduates today become joblessbecause lack of experience, not because of poor communication skills.
Everyeducation sector will provide their student with the basic communication skillin their syllabus. For some employers, working experience may matter more thana student’s major or grade-point average. The work environment now requiresgraduates to have some working experience to ensure employers sustain theireconomic competitiveness. According to JobsMalaysia director, Mustafa KamalBawaihi (2017), “So the numerous new graduates, which compensate for mostof the 3.4 per cent joblessness rate, with outstanding academic qualificationand ability are not selected because they lack experience. Not because theylack the skills.” We also disagree with the author about employers tend tohesitate when hiring fresh graduates because they do not reflect the current skillcurriculum requirements.
Every tertiary education nowadays had included all theskills in curriculum based on the employers needed and current job demandrequest. To recapitulate, we reaffirm ourstand with the author to moderate the need on foreign labours to solve unemploymentproblems among graduates in our country today. However, we firmly believe thatpoor communication skills and reflected current skill curriculum requirementsare not major factor of this issue. Therefore, the problem of unemploymentamong graduates can be solving immediately if all parties work together toovercome this problem.