This lesson/ session for one hour per week. They

This study was assessed the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on social functioning in children with autism. Animal assisted therapy has benefited cognitive, psychological, and social domains. Animal assisted therapy also lowers blood pressure, heart rates, and decreases anxiety levels. While autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder characterized in which there is a loss of social, communication, and motor skill functioning. There is no cure for autism, although there is help. There are no facts about which methods of treatment are the most effective. They 3 authors studied if and how children with autism change in social situations when they ride therapeutic horse riding. They researched what helps the children become better in the social situations. They tried to understand what helps best. Mounting/dismounting, exercises, riding skills, mounded games, and horsemanship activities. They had a post session questionnaire follow- up. What happened first is the researchers had to obtain medical approval. Once they got medical approval they had to randomly assign the participants to the groups.  The children had to consent to the study. I agree that they should have asked the children whether they want to participate in the study or if they don’t. I am glad that they didn’t have only the parents of the participants consent. Then the parents of the participants had to sign consent forms. Over the next 12 weeks each child recieved a therapeutic horseback riding lesson/ session for one hour per week. They found out that the therapeutic horseback riding may help the children with autism. There was an increase in social functioning which could have been associated with many of the different methods of the study. Autistic people usually like routine but it is good for them to step out of that routine once in awhile. Therapeutic riding may be beneficial for children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants demonstrate improved social motivation and sensory sensitivity as well as decreased inattention and distraction. There were many limitations in this study. This cannot be generalized because the study was only done on children that have autism. So adults, and anyone over 10, and under 5 can not be included in the results. The most noticeable was that there was no information about medication regimens.  It was also unknown if any of the parents of the children were taking self- help classes, or were in therapy of any sorts. I don’t think this has anything to do with the study though. Why do they need to know about the parents if they are not studying the parents. The attrition rate was a limiting factor. Yes there was a bias, which was that it always helps the children. There was prejudice in this article. I don’t believe that they should have been biased but they were and I don’t understand why. When you go into writing a scientific paper I don’t think you should go in “knowing” what the results would be. You would not learn anything than. The conclusion was logical. I think that this study needed to be done, but at the same time I don’t understand what they mean that the one group of participants were waitlisted. Were they waitlisted for therapeutic horseback riding lessons? Were they waitlisted for medication?  In conclusion therapeutic horseback riding may be an effective therapeutic option for children with autism.  Or even more specific, compared to the waitlisted participants in the control group they had autistic children in the experimental group improved in critical areas. The critical areas are the sensory integration, and the directed attention. The experimental group of children improved social motivation, and sensory sensitivity. They also decreased inattention and distractibility. The observed increase in social functioning may be associated to many other factors. The children with autism could focus all of the sudden after riding the horses. Further studies should increase the length and the number of sessions in order to test whether a more intense form of treatment would result in a better improvement in social functioning. And a much more extensive assessment should provide to be more beneficial to help understand how treatments are directly affecting to the specific domains of social functioning.