These issues however, continued past the infancy stage of the CPSand in 1998 Sir Ian Glidewell was commissioned by the government to review theorganisation. Glidewell stated that the reform and development of the CPS in1993 in regards to reorganisation was a mistake and instead the CPS should bedivided into 42 areas in correlation with the police force; in 1999 the CPSincreased its geographical areas from 14 to 421.
The national organisation method of prosecution was a new method ofprosecuting in the English Criminal Justice System and as result therelationship between the CPS and the police has been constantly evolving eversince its formulation. Even before the establishment of the CPS the Philips Reportrecommended that any prosecution service should not be allowed to have asupervisory role in police investigations and should only be allowed to giveguidance. In addition, the Commission highlighted how they should not have thepower to direct the police to undertake further enquiries. The commissionwanted to ensure a proper relationship between the prosecutor and investigatorwas maintained and that separate roles were established. This reasoning arosefrom the assertion that the prosecutor may become committed to a particularline of enquiry and potentially lose objectivity in assessing that case. As aresult, it is stated in the1985 Act that the police retained the power toinvestigate and to decide what charge to bring without the interference of theCPS.
In 1991 the Court of Appeal quashed theconvictions for murder of the Birmingham Six who had served 16 years in prison.The Home Secretary stated that “the case together with others that hadoccurred, had raised a number of serious issues”2and consequently the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice was appointed onceagain to examine the possibility of reforming and developing the CPS and wasgiven a guideline to issue their report within two years. This 1 Rt.Hon. Sir Iain Glidewell, ‘Summary Of The Main Report With The Conclusions AndRecommendations’ (1998) uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/259808/3972.pdf>accessed 5 December 2017. – FULL REPORT NO LONGER AVAILABLE 2 TheRoyal Commission on Criminal Justice, ‘Report’ (HMSO 1993)
uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/259808/3972.pdf>accessed 5 December 2017. – FULL REPORT NO LONGER AVAILABLE 2 TheRoyal Commission on Criminal Justice, ‘Report’ (HMSO 1993)