There are different environmental lawsthat fall under in different Acts, which help to protect and preserve thenatural resources. It also helps to have a healthy and safe environment notonly for human beings, but also for other living things. As the people becomemore aware in the growing problems of the environment, with the help ofenvironmental laws, it ensures and promotes having clean environment that is economicallyand ecology, legally and socially protected. As the problem of global warming and greenhouse still increases, Canada fails to meet the Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissionsunder the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act (KPIA). In 2008, its emission exceedsthe Kyoto target by 31 percent.
The Commissioner finds that the federal islacking of information under the KPIA. In January 2011, the Canadian governmenttargets to reduce 25 percent of its emissions and need to achieve it by 2030.Unfortunately, Canada calls of its commitments in Kyoto Protocol and no longerpart of it. Nevertheless, Canadian government has solutions and goals to reduceits GHG emissions. The buildings should produce 17 percent of Canada’s Greenhouse that already includes the emissions from electricity that its use in buildings.Also, the government is phasing out the traditional coal-generated electricityby 2030. It will take about 1.
3 million of cars that will be off the road. Itwill also help to reduce the pollutants in air that causes smog, andrespiratory illnesses. Moreover, Canada produces 80 percent of electricity fromnon-emitting sources such like hydro, solar and nuclear wind. The government alsounites with provinces and Indigenous people to rapidly achieve its goals. While,The Energy Management systems takes care and help the businesses to track andimprove their emissions. According to Department of the Environment Act s.5(b)it states that, “promote and encourage the institution to practice and conductleading to the better preservation and enhancement of environmental quality,and cooperate with provincial government or agencies, thereof, or any bodies orperson in any programs having similar objects”.
It clearly states its objectivesto achieve stability of the environment with the cooperation of the society toprevent interference of the climate. Through this it shows that these practicesand goals help the society to still maintain its healthy environment, as it iseconomically and ecology protected. In the same way, pollutions and othertoxic substances destroy our nature too.
However, it is legally protected byFederal and Provincial governments as both of these levels of government havethe jurisdiction in Environmental Law, which also includes pollution. ThePollution Prevention Plans examines and eliminates the pollution as CanadianEnvironmental Act. 1999 (CEPA) gives the Minister on the Environment theauthority to implements the plans that have been added to the toxic substancesin CEPA. Also, the National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI), legislated byCanada to take inventory of pollutants that have releases in air, water andland. When it comes to the protection of fresh water and sea water, FisheriesAct takes care of fish habitats and marine species and has two provisions on conservationand protection. Under section 35 of the Department of Fisheries and OceansAdminister, it prohibits the “harmful alteration, disruption or destruction offish habitat”.
Also, under 36 of Environment and Climate Change Canada, prohibits”the deposit of deleterious substances into waters frequented by fish, unlessauthorized by regulations under Fisheries Act or other federal legislation”. Itensures that the marine