There give more and more verbal directions, but that

There are several
strategies to reduce transition difficulties out of which, one promising intervention
for individuals with ASD are visual strategies. One such visual strategy is the
use of visual timers for reducing the need for constant adult support while
increasing independent and smooth transition. A study carried out by Dettmer,
Simpson, Myles & Ganz in 2000, revealed a significant decrease in the
latency period between the time the students were given the instruction to
finish one activity and start another activity by using visual timers. The
effectiveness of visual supports were evaluated using single subject reversal
designs (ABAB) and they also discovered that using a timer as a visual support
resulted in the decrease of the need for verbal and physical prompting by the
instructor. Cohen (1998), stated that most individuals with ASD are visual
learners and not auditory learners, they require alternative communication
methods such as visual timers to bring in more structure, routine and sequence
that they require to their daily activities. In support with above research, Hodgdon
(2000) further states that “educators can give more and more verbal directions,
but that does not mean that the

student
understands”. He further states that when these visual supports are used
correctly used, they allow the individuals with ASD the freedom to engage in
life, despite their impairments.

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            Visual timers are great devices to
let the students know that an activity is going to be ending and it is time to
get ready for a new activity. Visual timers act as a cue to help the individual
understand that time is running out and there is no more time allotted for the activity
he or she is doing, and its time to check the schedule to know what the next
activity is. Concepts related to time are abstract, may be confusing, for
example statements like, “we will be done in a minute”, “just a second left” etc.
usually cannot be interpreted literally by students on the spectrum. It maybe
even more harder for individuals who have not mastered the skill of reading
time. Therefore, presenting time visually with the help of a visual timer can
make the concept of time more meaningful and worthwhile (Dettmer et al, 2000).