The social and economicdevelopment of the country is directly linked with student academic performance.Educational institutes play important role in the development of nations inevery field. Higher education is one of the most important tools for researchthat is so much productive for each and every field. The students’ performance playsan important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become greatleader and manpower for the country thus responsible for the country’s economicand social development (Ali et.
al, 2009).. In Pakistan, the numbers of both private and public sectoruniversities are playing their role in promotion of higher education. InPakistan there are four education sectors included public, private, militaryand virtual universities.
All universities of Pakistan recognize by HECorganization. The HEC facilitated the development of higher educational systemin the country with main purpose of upgrading the universities and colleges inthe country to be main focus on the high learning of education, research, anddevelopment. Inuniversity level there have more facilities rather than college level , inuniversality level master and PhDprograms are studied, few years ago maximum universities of Pakistan alsointroducing the HONS (4 year) program. So in the universities some identifiedthe factors that influencing academic performance of students. All thosefactors that face the students in universities those are written here one byone social, psychological, economic, environmental and personal all thesefactors influence the academic performance of the students.
These all factorsvary person to person and country to country, for example in Pakistan thestudents face different problems in educational institutions rather than othercountries. InPakistan from last few years the government trying to improve the literacy rateand education so that’s why most of the educational institution in Pakistanimproving the educational level through skilled full peoples best technologiesand giving more facilities to students and also teachers. That’s a reason the researcher find outsuch factors that influencing student’s academic performance especially inuniversity level students, this level is so much important for future of everystudent. Mostlyprevious study of student’s academic performance conducting on such issues likeCommunication, Family stress, Proper guidance, Learning facilities, SocioEconomic Status of the student intake, Rural/Urban location, gender difference, teacher’s education andteaching style, class environment.
These all issues are different in rural andurban areas. Thisresearch is focuses on the public universities in Lahore one of the biggestcity of Pakistan. Students of government universities of Lahore are taken aspopulation and focuses on the result of the student academic performance. In this study the researcher will measure thestudent academic performance through different ways like CGPA, GPA and theirtest result.
Some of the researcher around the word used the GPA of thestudents to measure the student academic performance (Darling, 2005; Broh,2000; Stephen & Schaban, 2002). They used GPA to measure student performancein particular semester. Some other researcher, they measure student performancethrough the result of particular subject or the previous year result (Hijazi& Naqvi, 2006).Objectives of the study1.
To identify the factors influencingstudent’s academic performance2. To find out positive and negativeeffects of factors influencing student’s academic performance 3. To explore the important factorsthat affects the academic performance of the students.4.
To provide suggestions to overcomethe negative effects of factors influencing students’ academic performance Research QuestionWhatare the important factors that influence the students’ academic performance?