The (with track shots) and showing his difficult relationship

The French New Wave was a trend that began among directors in the late 1950s. Lasting about a decade, the New Wave was an expressionist movement in which directors were able to add personalized styles to their films in both the production and the dialogue. New forms of filming introduced with this fad include documentary style filming, quick scene changes (through fading with editing techniques), and long following shots (also known as track shots) in which a cameraman follows a moving subject. Inspired by Italian neorealism, directors participating in this trend also used low budget sets with plots and themes surrounding the lower class, creating films reflective of France’s socioeconomic situation at the time. The New Wave eventually became an inspiration for directors all around the world to add their own personalities into the movies they were dedicating themselves to creating, and continues to inspire directors today to add their own personal touch to their films.The 400 Blows, directed by François Truffaut, was a staple in the movement, featuring long track shots and quick scene changes. Telling the story of a young boy named Antoine Doinel, the film follows him running around France (with track shots) and showing his difficult relationship with both his parents and his teachers. Constantly running away from both home and school, Doinel is sent by his parents to a center for troubled boys (after being caught stealing a typewriter from his father’s workplace). It is here that he runs away again, this time to a nearby beach, captured by a long track shot of his journey there. The film then ends with Doinel walking towards the camera, the final image a snapshot of him looking directly into the lens.According to David Melville in his article “Children of the Revolution – Truffaut and Les Quatre cents coups”, “The film, in its conception and mise en scène, constituted an all-out rebellion against the established tenets of French cinema”. Movies such as The 400 Blows pioneered the cinematic evolution of film into what it is today by rejecting the elaborate and cohesive storytelling style of traditional 20th century French cinema. Countless directors now put their own personalities into the movies they create whether it be in the scripts or the sets. Directors such as Christopher Nolan, Tim Burton, and many more continue to thrive off of the revolutionary tactics brought to life by the New Wave. Some may argue that the New Wave had no personal effect on film history and that it only really allowed directors to challenge society’s perspectives of film at the time, however without the historical French movement, the personality exhibited in movies today would not exist. There would be no differentiation among film. We would no longer experience different types of scene changes or character point of views. There would be no personal point of view movies among the likes of Paranormal Activity or The Blair Witch Project, nor would there be the scenic, yet non linear style film of Dunkirk.The New Wave not only brought change among film styles but it also brought confidence to directors to show people how they see the world. By modifying film grammar and syntax, the directors behind the New Wave were able to change the course of film history for decades to come.