Theconcept of generating knowledge with the “assumption of the existence ofuniformities” requires an examination of “assumption” and “uniformities”. Uniformitiesallow researchers to simplify abstract concepts, such as in the Natural andHuman Sciences, which may lead to a rudimentary set of rules for testing andconfirmation. When the same sets of rules are applied, tested and confirmed, wegenerate knowledge.
In discussion of the knowledge questi?’on,one must take into account whether the possession of a concept is equal toknowing the rule. Furthermore, one must discuss the role of our memories of past experiences and observations in helpingus to predict future outcomes. Naturally, this presupposes that we believenature does not change and continues uniformly. Past human behavior, when underspecific conditions, can be used to predict future behavior within a short timeinterval for example. Lastly, our belief in uniformity is founded on reasoning.Empirical reasoning is used to interpret data obtained through sense perceptionor observation.
Since trends within divergent observations reappear throughoutthe natural world, it may be inferred that nature is uniform in its operations1. It stands to reason that uniformitiesare important in formulating theories that explain unobservable occurrences, andthat without assuming the existence of uniformities we cannot acquireknowledge. Although despite its importance, that knowledge cannot be consideredcomplete and true unlessvigorously tested.One has to take into accountif thepossession of a concept is equivalent to knowing the rule. For instance, thekinetic particle theory explains the properties of the different states ofmatter. Particles with more kinetic energy will vibrate faster and have theenergy needed to break forces of attraction holding the particles together.Thus, we know with certainty that particles in a liquid have more kineticenergy than in a solid.
Such rules are derived from patterns that areconsistent and are difficult to disprove by contrary evidence within the fieldof molecular mechanics. 1 Ariew, R. and Watkins, E. (2009). Modern Philosophy. An anthology of PrimarySources. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Inc.