The American Society for Training andDevelopment (ASTD) defines electronic learning, most commonly referred to ase-learning, as a “wide set of applications and processes, such as Web-basedlearning, computer- based learning, virtual classrooms, and digitalcollaborations” (Rooney & Scott, 2003). While strategies and devices withinthe concept have been utilized for decades, e-learning began to pick upmomentum in the early 2000s within business and educational training.Electronic learning delivers content, otherwise presented face-to-face, readilyavailable for learners to access at their convenience.
At one of the most basiclevels of e-learning, recorded content is delivered via a CD-ROM. However, withadvancing technology and the rise of social media platforms, content can now bedelivered through podcasts, video-casts (or vodcasts),YouTube channels, or by a variety of other methods. Electronic learningprovides the learner an opportunity to consume the information at his or herown pace, location (which may reduce travel costs), and convenience. E-learningcovers a wide range of training and educational approaches (Rooney & Smith,2003).
The Flipped Classroom In2007, Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams took the concept of e-learning to a newlevel in their Colorado high school chemistry classrooms. Bergmann and Samsbegan recording their class lectures and posting them online for absentstudents to catch up on the information and work missed. As the easilyaccessible, online lectures gained popularity among not only their students,but parents and students who viewed them online all around the world, Bergmannand Sams began to realize that time would be used more efficiently if studentsaccessed the lectures prior to the class session and used the previouslydesignated “lecture time” to get assistance on concepts they did notunderstand. Thus, the idea of the “flipped classroom” was crafted (Bergmann& Sams, 2012).