The that there are 8,277 people living with HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome (AIDS) an acronym for acquired immune deficiency syndrome; is an
epidemic which is currently confronting the world. Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) Prevention Gap
report that was just published (July 2016) indicates that there are 36.7
million people living with HIV globally. 17 million of them are on ARVs (Anti
Retro Viral). 150,000 children 0-15 years old were newly infected with HIV. The HIV/AIDS situation in Ethiopia continues to be characterized
by a low-intensity, mixed epidemic with significant heterogeneity across
geographic areas and defined by independent self-sustaining HIV transmission
streams within KP, PP, and general populations. Per spectrum preliminary
estimate by PEPFAR, January 2017, adult HIV prevalence in Ethiopia in 2016 was
estimated to be 1.1%. There is substantial prevalence variation by region (6.6%
in Gambella, 5.0% in Addis Ababa, and 0.7% in Southern Nations, Nationalities
and Peoples’ (SNNPR) region) (2)

Based on spectrum2015,
an estimated 733,317 people were living with HIV in Ethiopia in 2016. The
Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office also reported
that about 60% (439,990) of people living with HIV (PLHIV) know their status.
This means that 293,327 PLHIV do not know their status. According to data from the U.S President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Annual Program
Review (APR) for 2016, a total of 395,324 PLHIV are currently on ART, which is
54% of the total number of PLHIV (395,324/733,317).
(3)

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According
to Jimma town health office performance report of Meskerem, 2010 EC, It is
estimated that there are 8,277 people living with HIV and patients enrolled to
ART were 4280. HIV prevalence of the town is also 1.4%.(4)

The issue of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVCs) isalso
one of the most emerging and challenging global issues we face today. According
to United
Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF),
there
were nearly 140 million orphans globally in 2015, including 61 million in Asia,
52 million in Africa, 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 7.3
million in Eastern Europe and Centralu1 
Asia. This large figure represents not only children who have lost both
parents, but also those who have lost a father but have a surviving mother or
have lost their mother but have a surviving father.(5)

In
Ethiopia, HIV/AIDS, poverty, and poor access to healthcare and education and
other factors contribute to child and household vulnerability. According to the
Ethiopian Public Health Institute of FMOH (2014), the HIV related estimates and
projections, there are 3,529,162 orphans among whom 557,271 are due to HIV/AIDS. There are also about 7000 orphan and vulnerable children. (6,
4)u2 

Children can become vulnerable at any time, and for any length
of time, during their childhood
due to any number of circumstances. All OVCs directly or indirectly are
vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and other health, socioeconomic, psychological and
legal problems. This vulnerability may be linked to extreme poverty, hunger,
con?ict and child labor practices, among other threats. All of these issues
fuel and are fuelled by HIV and AIDS.(7)

Nowadays, a number of
governmental and non-governmental organizations have been implementing on
HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support components. Ethiopian Evangelical Church
MekaneYesus Development and Social Services Commission (EECMY DASSC) Jimma HIV/AIDS
Prevention, Care and Support Project is one of the HIV/AIDS projects are
operating in Jimma town. The project was initiated in 2000. Since from its
initiation, the project has been involved in HIV/AIDS prevention care and
Support services to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVA), orphans and their
families.

The main components of Jimma
HIV/AID Prevention, Care and Support Project (JHAPCSP) are OVCs, PLHIV care and
support,   Income Generating Activity
(IGA) schemes, capacity building and awareness rising/Prevention
activities.  

 

 u1Se
similar font size / be consistent throughout the document

 u2Keep
the logical coherence!  if you start form
global then come to Africa , east Africa, Ethiopia finally to oromia region and
the study area. You simply stated that what you get from literatures without
considering the coherence/flow from general to specific.

 

Note: please consider this issue throughout the
document .