Thefirst is Old Major. Old Major is a wise and charismatic pig. When Old Major announcesthat he wants to share the content of his dream, the strange thing is that theother animals follow his orders, it points out that the other animals givegreat respect to the Old Major. The Old Major’s speech thatblamed humanity for all sickness and the causes of hungerand forced labor of humanity, and that humans must be removed so that they canbe free from all that suffering. Old Major believes that man can only do eviland animals can only do good.
Some messages conveyed that animals should not belike humans, and Old major said that “No Animal must ever live in a house, or sleep in a bed, or wear clothes,or drink alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or touch money, or engage in trade. All thehabits of Man are evil. And No animal must ever kill any other animal. All animalare equal”. These indicates that Old Major is a wise and intelligent pig.The old Major is a protagonist of the story. It is basedon the characters of Karl Marx and Lenin.
Thesecond is Snowball. Snowball is a smart pig, and that he most follows thedirection of Old Major’sspeech, and he alsodevotes himself to improving animals with intellectual, moral, and physical. Hebrings a positive impact so that animals can more understand the principles of Animalism by reading theSeven Commandments that he painted. He also turned the seven commandments into asingle teaching: “Four legs good, two legs bad” so that all animals which can not read and which are not intelligent can understand the philosophy ofanimalism. Snowball also demonstrates his cleverness through strategyof “the Battle of the Cowshed”.
Hisplan for the windmill was also a glorious plan, but it was all destroyed whenthe expulsion of Snowball by Napoleon. Snowball is also the protagonist in this story. Itreflects Lev Trotsky’s character.Inbrief, Animal farm is asatirical novel written during World War II and published on August 17, 1945.The events in this novel are similar to the actual situation when George Orwellwrote the novel. For example, there is a power struggle between Stalinand Trotsky, symbolized by the feud between Napoleon and Snowball.
Although originally written to criticize Russian communism and the SovietUnion, but because of the parable or satire it uses is animals, itsinterpretation can be detached from the context of the Soviet Union. Napoleon’scharacter in the novel can symbolize a government that eventually becomes adictator, and Animal Farm can also symbolize the countries they command.