The some of the reasons the Chicano movement was

The 1960’s was a very
turbulent time in American history, they involved conflicts over issues from
civil rights and all the way into the Vietnam war. Although the Vietnam war was
just about everyone’s focus during this time, there were other important events
going on as well. One of the least studied but one the most important movements
for Mexican-Americans were going on during this decade, the name of it would be
called the Chicano Movement. There are many factors that caused this movement
to spark and fight for the injustice on Chicanos or Mexican-Americans. The Chicanos
decided for their voice to be heard and some of the reasons the Chicano
movement was fighting for was the restoration of land grants, farm workers’
rights, better education, to voting and political rights. The Chicano
movement would begin in New Mexico by Reies López Tijerina, and the land grant
movement would be picked in Denver by Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzales. Corky
produces a poem “I an Joaquin” that defines the Chicano movement, and also
embraces Cesar Chavez and the farm workers as well as the struggles of urban
youth and grows political awareness. The Chicano movement was not just about
politics it was also a cultural movement as well. Although some of the issues
and injustices we had in the 1960’s are still around in 2017, the Chicano
Movement did help improve a lot of very important issues.

            Mexican Americans had three major goals when the Chicano
movement rose during the civil rights era: restoral of land, rights for farm
workers and education reforms. There was one major issue the faced to be able
to succeed and achieve their goals, prior to the 1960’s Latinos lacked
influence in the national political arena. However, the Mexican American
Political Association worked to elect future president John F. Kennedy
into office in 1960, this would establish Latinos as a significant voting bloc.
After Kennedy was sworn into office he did display his gratitude towards the
Hispanic community by not only appointing Hispanics to post in his
administration, but by also taking into consideration some of the concerns of
the Hispanic community. Now that their voice mattered the Hispanic community
began demanding that reforms be made in labor, education and other areas to meet
their needs.

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            Although the Chicano movement really began to press for
equal rights in 1960 their activism predated to the 1940s 1950s winning
multiple significant court cases. In the 1960s 1970s the Chicano movement began
to question the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Treaty was an agreement in
1948 that ended the Mexican American war which resulted in America taking
territory from Mexico. The Chicanos began to demand that the land be given to
Mexican Americans, as they believed it constituted their ancestral homeland
Aztlan. In 1966 Reies Lopez Tijerina led a three day march from Albuquerque in
New Mexico to the state capitol Santa Fe, where he then gave the governor a
petition to investigate the Mexican land grants.  Reies López Tijerina that America’s annexing
of Mexican land in the 1800s was illegal.

            They did not only focus on the past injustices done to
Mexican Americans, they also focus on current injustices going on at the time.
One of the most well known fights that the Mexican Americans waged during the
1960s was for the unionization for farm workers. To help the farm workers gain
recognition from the grape growers Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta launched the
Delano, California Union, a national boycott that began in 1965. The Grape
pickers would then go on strike, and Cesar Chaves would go on a twenty-five day
hunger strike in 1968. When the fight was reaching its peak Sen. Robert F.
Kennedy visited the farm workers to show his support. It took until 1970 for
the farm workers to succeed, and in that same year the grape growers would sign
agreements acknowledging United Farm workers as a union.

            Although younger millennials are the last ones to worry
about what is happening in society, this did not seem to be the case for these
group of students. Students played a very important role in the Chicano fight
for equality, and some of the most recognized groups were the United
Mexican American Students and the Mexican American Youth Association. Members
in these types of groups would stage walkouts in places such as Denver and Los
Angeles in 1968 to protest high dropout rates among Chicano students, and a ban
on speaking Spanish and related issues among other things. These group of
students made a huge impact on the educational system as well as other systems
and they made it illegal to deny anyone who was unable to speak English the
right to education. This did not only help with the drop out and literacy
rates, but it helped Mexican Americans have the proper tools to pursue a better
career to be able to have a much better lifestyle.