The Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990 is a necessary law put in place to keep track of incidents that occur on the grounds of colleges and universities. The data is obtained and delivered each year on the 1st of October by the campus and provided to the Department of Secretary.
“The Department of Education is committed to assisting schools in providing students nationwide a safe environment in which to learn and to keep students, parents and employees well informed about campus security” (Campus, 2017). These campuses focus on criminal offenses such as robbery, arson, sexual assault, drug and alcohol use, automobile theft, and manslaughter. The law came into effect after Jeanne Cleary, a student at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania, was raped, beaten, and robbed by another student, Josoph M.
Henry, in her dorm in 1986. The parents of Cleary realized the lack of campus security and pushed for Congress to implement this act across all schools. The Clery Act currently requires institutions to act or report in the following ways:• publish an annual report disclosing three years of crime statistics and campus security policy statements;• provide timely warnings to the campus community about crimes that pose an ongoing threat to students and employees;• maintain and make available a public crime log in their police or security department (if one exists);• maintain a daily residence hall fire log and report and publish an annual fire safety report alone or along with the annual crime statistics;• provide certain rights to sexual assault victims and make specific statements about sex offenders;• take action within 24 hours when students in residence halls are reported missing.
(Jeanne, 2016).If a school receives Title IV funding, it must comply with the Clery Act unless the incident occurs outside of the physical property associated with the institution. Students who only complete online courses or study abroad are typically not protected by the Cleary Act. If any incidents occur on a property owned or controlled by the school, it must be reported. “Clery Act fines were originally $25,000 per violation but have increased periodically from $27,500 to $35,000 and then $53,907, according to Campus Security Consultant S. Daniel Carter” (Winn, 2017). The fines have now increased to $54,789.
According to Winn (2017), “the largest ever Clery Act fine of $2.4 million was given to Penn State University last year in the wake of the Jerry Sandusky child sexual abuse scandal.”