The seahorse is one of the most endangered specie,

 

 

 

             The
Knysna seahorse also known with its scientific name (Hippocampus capensis) is the most endangered seahorse in the world. It
is known by its horse shaped head and a muscular tail that they use as an
anchor. Knysna seahorses are found only in the
Knysna, Keurbooms and Swartvleiestuaries on
the south coast of South Africa. They are green
to brown in color and grow to about 12cm in length. They live at depths of 50cm
to 8m, on sandy bottoms or around plants. The knysna seahorse’s population is
estimated to be 62,000 and decreasing due to their exceptionally limited
distribution range as they are endemic to a few southern Cape
estuaries

 

           Knysna
seahorse prefers to swim in pairs with their tails linked together. They avoid
predators by camouflaging into the color of underwater plants. Except for
crabs, few marine predators eat the knysna seahorse it is too bony
and indigestible it feeds mainly on plankton and tiny fish.

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the knysna seahorse is mostly found in quiet and deep habitats throughout
the world, from around 45°S to 45°N and live in protected areas, for instance,
sea grass beds, bays, coral reefs, or mangroves. The seahorse has no stomach
that is the reason it needs to graze continually because food travels through
their stomach rapidly. They have to eat up to 3000 little copepods daily to get
the vitality they required. The knysna seahorses are one of a kind while giving
birth because the
male seahorse gives birth to offspring and the female lays her eggs
in the male’s pouch and when they are ready, the babies hatch out of the pouch
into the water.

 

Why is the knysna seahorse endangered?

 

             The knysna seahorse is one of the
most endangered specie, which is because of their exceptionally limited distribution
range as they are endemic to a few southern Cape
estuaries. Another reason is because of the
massive pollution we are doing to the waters by dumping fuels and other
chemicals into the ocean, and it has a restricted and fragmented
distribution, only known in a few estuaries. Its habitat is highly threatened
by development and water poising. The seahorse is a very important part of the
ecosystem; they need to be protected for ecological, biological, economic, and
medical reasons. They are important predators on bottom-dwelling
organisms; removing them may disrupt ecosystems. Only the male becomes pregnant
and many seahorse species are mates for life.