TheKnysna seahorse also known with its scientific name (Hippocampus capensis) is the most endangered seahorse in the world. Itis known by its horse shaped head and a muscular tail that they use as ananchor. Knysna seahorses are found only in theKnysna, Keurbooms and Swartvleiestuaries onthe south coast of South Africa.
They are greento brown in color and grow to about 12cm in length. They live at depths of 50cmto 8m, on sandy bottoms or around plants. The knysna seahorse’s population isestimated to be 62,000 and decreasing due to their exceptionally limiteddistribution range as they are endemic to a few southern Capeestuaries Knysnaseahorse prefers to swim in pairs with their tails linked together. They avoidpredators by camouflaging into the color of underwater plants. Except forcrabs, few marine predators eat the knysna seahorse it is too bonyand indigestible it feeds mainly on plankton and tiny fish.
the knysna seahorse is mostly found in quiet and deep habitats throughoutthe world, from around 45°S to 45°N and live in protected areas, for instance,sea grass beds, bays, coral reefs, or mangroves. The seahorse has no stomachthat is the reason it needs to graze continually because food travels throughtheir stomach rapidly. They have to eat up to 3000 little copepods daily to getthe vitality they required. The knysna seahorses are one of a kind while givingbirth because themale seahorse gives birth to offspring and the female lays her eggsin the male’s pouch and when they are ready, the babies hatch out of the pouchinto the water. Why is the knysna seahorse endangered? The knysna seahorse is one of themost endangered specie, which is because of their exceptionally limited distributionrange as they are endemic to a few southern Capeestuaries. Another reason is because of themassive pollution we are doing to the waters by dumping fuels and otherchemicals into the ocean, and it has a restricted and fragmenteddistribution, only known in a few estuaries. Its habitat is highly threatenedby development and water poising.
The seahorse is a very important part of theecosystem; they need to be protected for ecological, biological, economic, andmedical reasons. They are important predators on bottom-dwellingorganisms; removing them may disrupt ecosystems. Only the male becomes pregnantand many seahorse species are mates for life.