The use of digital technology, including computers,cell phones, computer games, and so on most recently, on-the-go forrecreational purposes, has increased among our youth over the past 15 years.Children and adolescent between the ages of 8 to 18 years spend an average of 5-6hours per day using information and communication technologies. It is a usefulprogress because of the increase of internet usage which is unlimited,uncontrolled and uninhibited. This state can cause to some important negativeresults too.
The computer games, the internet explore is gradually affectingsocial life of children and adolescent. With this background the present studywas undertaken with the following objectives .To •Find out the Socio economic background of Adolescent girls using facebook andWhatsApp •Study the extent of addiction of adolescent girls towards facebook and WhatsApp •Analyse the effect of WhatsApp and facebook on academic performance ofadolescent girls and • Study the stress faced by adolescentgirls in using Facebook and WhatsApp. REVIEWOF LITERATURE A recent study conducted by Ms.
Anshu Bhatt and Dr.Mohd. Arshad (2016) on the topic “Impact of WhatsApp on youth: ASociological Study”, among the youth at Agra region revealed that WhatsAppis much quicker and more convenient way to interact with people which enhancesthe effective flow of messages and ideas among youth. Indeed intensity ofWhatsApp is very high among youth because it reduces calling and SMS costs.
Thestudy concluded that every invention has its pros and cons. So WhatsApp alsohas the greater drawback for its highly addictive nature. There is a verynarrow line between the favorite pass time and the addiction of WhatsApp onyouth. They delete WhatsApp but after couple of days, they again launch it. Itis the major reason for having negative impact on youth’s psychology.
Most ofthe time, youth seems stuck with their cell-phones for knowing each and everymoment of other person’s personal life. They also involve others in their smalldecisions or forcing their ideas on other decision which can be proveddangerous and hazardous for personal liberty.According to a report by Jacob Poushter (2015) onthe title “Internet Seen as Positive Influence on Education but Negativeon Morality in Emerging and Developing Nations Internet Usage, More CommonAmong the Young, Well-Educated and English Speakers” expressed thattechnology use in 32 emerging and developing nations, has high internet accessrates, and cell phone and smart phone ownership. It also examines internet andmobile activities, as well as public opinion regarding the internet’s impact onsociety. It explored the internet usage, including what groups are more likelyto have internet access, as well as computer, landline and cell phone ownershiprates. It found out the activities that internet users engage in online,including social, informational, commercial, and educational tasks, as well associal networking rates. It also examined the effect of the internet on variousaspects of people’s lives, including on education, politics, and morality. A study entitled “Social networking addiction:are the youth of India and united states addicted?” conducted by Shivaniarora and Daniel Okunbor(2015) concluded that Facebook has become an integralpart of respondents’ life.
It justifies being a global phenomenon since theopinion/usage pattern all fall within the same range. The gen-next seems to bebordering on the symptoms of Facebook Addiction (using it for more than an houror probably more, accessing it more than 3 times a day, first thing in themorning , last thing at night), having a lot of online and less offlinefriends. The respondents from US seem to be using it more for professionalpurpose as opposed to Indian users, who are using it for entertainment. According to the research conducted by JohnsonYeboah Dominic Ewur Takoradi Polytechnic,Ghana (2014) on the topic”Impact of WhatsApp (application of social networking) messenger onacademic performance of youth”, found out that WhatsApp has negativeimpact on the study of youth. It engendered procrastination related problem,error of spellings and grammatical construction of sentences.
Therefore it isdifficult to balance simultaneously the online activities and academicperformance with whatsapp. In a study conducted by Shivani Arora (2014) on thetopic “Social Networking-A Study of Indian Youth”, the authordiscusses about the impact of social networking among Indian youth. It wasconcluded that Social networking sways towards some symptoms of addiction. So,those that have been traced like checking Social Networking websites beforegoing to sleep and then staying glued to the same for hours causing mental andphysical health deterioration, should be considered. The students should beinformed of the perils associated with using Social Networking websites andshould be advised to use them cautiously. The wisdom of the youth is alsodepicted in the fact that in the wake of some circumstances, they are ready tobe monitored but feel that the Government should do it within limits.
The study conducted by Y.A. Modi & I.
S. Gandhi(2014) on the topic “Internet sociology: Impact of Facebook addiction onthe lifestyle and other recreational activities of the Indian youth”reveals that academics and social interaction are most affected due to theexcessive usage of Facebook. It was also found that while assessing therelationship between Facebook usage and academic performance the Facebook userswere seen to spend less time studying than the other students. RESEARCHMETHODOLOGY Research Design The research design adopted by the researcher isexploratory in nature. It is an investigation with adequate interpretation. Universe of the study The universe of this study includes the adolescentgirls using Facebook and WhatsApp in Coimbatore. Sampling Sampling is a technique of choosing respondents forthe study from the total number or simply the universe. The researcher used thepurposive sampling technique for collecting data.
The researcher selected adolescentgirls from schools and colleges. The data was collected from 60 adolescentgirls. Tools used for data collection Theresearcher used interview schedule to collect data from the students. Theinterview schedule contained questions about Socio economic status, extent ofusing the facebook and WhatsApp applications, stress faced while using theseapplications and the academic performance of the students using theseapplications. Analysis and interpretation of the data The data thus collected were consolidated, tabulatedand analysed with the appropriate statistical tools such as frequency andpercentage Frequency and simple percentage Tocalculate the simple percentage method, the following formula used. Simplepercentage = (Number of samples/Total number of samples) x 100 TABULATIONSOCIO – ECONOMICPROFILE Particulars Respondents Percentage (%) Age group 12 – 14 15 – 16 17 – 19 6 19 35 10 32 58 Father’s Education II Literate Primary Education Higher Secondary Education College/University 1 13 23 23 2 22 38 38 Mother’s Education II Literate Primary Education Higher Secondary Education College/University 3 13 25 19 5 22 41 32 Monthly income Less than 10,000 11,000-20,000 21,000-30,000 31,000-40,000 41,000-50,000 More than 50,000 3 16 7 9 8 17 5 27 12 15 13 28 Frequency of usage Applications Frequency Respondents Percentage (%) Facebook Less than 5 times 34 57 5-10 times 13 22 More than 10 times 3 5 Nil 10 16 Whats App Less than 5 times 18 30 5-10 times 20 33 More than 10 times 22 37 Nil 0 0 Extentof Addiction Extent of Addiction No of Respondents = 60 Always Rarely Sometimes Never No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % Stuck with these applications 22 37 13 21 19 32 6 10 Satisfaction while usage 12 20 14 23 23 39 11 18 Bored without usage 18 30 18 30 16 27 8 13 Efforts to control the usage 16 27 20 33 17 28 7 12 Hidden usage from family and friends 38 63 9 15 11 18 2 4 Accepting unknown friend requests 37 62 14 23 6 10 3 5 Posting achievements and issues 27 45 15 25 12 20 6 10 Control during Examination 7 12 7 12 19 31 27 45 Eating while using it 35 59 10 16 11 19 4 6 Class groups 25 42 6 10 20 33 9 15 StressFaced while using Facebook and WhatsApp Stress Factors No of Respondents = 60 Always Rarely Sometimes Never No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % Physical Discomfort 21 35 22 37 16 27 1 1 Depression 31 51 17 28 7 13 5 8 Sleeplessness 20 33 17 28 14 24 9 15 Usage of smart phones under the pillow 17 28 7 13 13 22 23 37 Disturbances from unknown contacts 6 10 21 35 15 25 18 30 Yelling at parents 25 42 20 33 10 17 5 8 Irritation 28 47 13 21 10 17 9 15 AcademicPerformance Academic Performances No of Respondents = 60 Always Rarely Sometimes Never No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % No of girls % Difficulty to Concentrate during exams 34 57 9 15 12 20 5 8 Grammar and Vocabulary affected 22 37 19 32 11 18 8 13 Studies Affected 30 50 16 27 11 18 3 5 Reduction in marks 35 58 7 12 0 0 18 30 Sharing notes through the application 31 5 8 20 15 25 2 3 Reduction of Extra curricular activities 23 39 8 13 17 28 12 20 FINDINGS, SUGGESTIONSAND CONSLUSION Findings Related to Socio-EconomicStatus • Among 60 respondents, majority of the girls (58%)are in the age group of 17-19 years. • Out of 60respondents, it was found that very negligible per cent of fathers areilliterate (2%).
It was also found that maximum of the fathers (38%) havecompleted their college and equally (38%) have completed their higher secondaryeducation. • It was alsofound that only 5% of the mothers are illiterate and maximum mothers (41%) havecompleted their higher secondary education. • 28% of the respondents’ family income is more than250,000 and 27% of the respondents’ family income is in the range211,000-220,000 which leads to the conclusion that both middle class and uppermiddle class girls are equally using the mobiles and internet. So we canconclude that presently all the adolescent girls are accessing internet. Findings Related to Frequency of usageof Facebook and WhatsApp • It is encouraging to note that 57% ofthe girls use Facebook only less than 5 times per day and only 5% of the girlsare using 10 times per day.
• It is alsofound that 10 girls were not using Facebook regularly as they are not havingpersonal computers and some of them hadn’t downloaded the Facebook applicationin their mobile phones. • On the contrary 37% of the girls are usingWhatsApp more than 10 times a day and 22% of them are using 5-10 times a day. • This reveals that girls are frequently usingWhatsApp than Facebook . We can also expect this percentage to increase in ahigher level as the WhatsApp and Facebook applications are being updatedregularly for the benefits of the users.
Findings Related to Extent of Addictionto Facebook and WhatsApp• It is seen that 37% of the girls arealways stuck with the Facebook and WhatsApp and this shows that the addictionfactor is more among the adolescent girls. • It is also found that 30% of the girlsare always feeling bored without using these applications. So this shows thatboredom without using these applications is present among the girls and it is anegative phenomenon that these applications begins to interfere with theirlives. • It is shocking to know that 63% of thegirls are always hiding their online activities from their family members andonly 4% of the girls never hide their online activities from their familymembers. So this shows that most of the girls are feeling insecure to revealtheir online activities to their family members and it is a disappointingfactor. • It is also found out that 62% of thegirls always accept unknown friend requests and only 4% of the girls neveraccept friend requests from unknown contacts.
Though this shows thatsocialising characteristics of the girls have increased it is also important tonote that this may also lead to relationship crisis. Because currently we canobserve most of the relationship issues are due to these social media. • Another important factor is usingthese applications while eating and 59% of the girls are always doing so.
It isan unhealthy practise and it also disrupts the family bonding. • It is alsoseen that 42% of the girls are always involved in class group formations usingthese applications. So this is a positive indication that the girls aresocially active and possess social consciousness and slowly going to addictionto these applications. Findings Related to Stress Faced whileusing Facebook and WhatsApp• It is revealed that 35% of the girlsalways face physical discomfort while using these applications. The physicaldiscomforts include eye pain, head ache and numbness of fingers due toprolonged usage. It is important to note that when the girls continue to followthese activities they might get serious physical illness. • It is also sad to see that 51% of thegirls always undergo depression when they are controlled from using theseapplications and this is a serious problem for the adolescents in present age. • It is heartening to see that most ofthe girls (37%) are never hiding their usage of smart phones under the pillowbut on a lesser difference, 28% of the girls always hide their usage.
So it isthe responsibility of the parents to watch the girls and take care of them. •30% of the girls never get disturbances from unknown contacts and only 10% ofthe girls always gets such disturbances and while asked about the solutions thegirls said that they used to block the contacts whom they feel unsafe. • It is visible that 42% of the girlsalways yell at their parents when they restrict their internet usage and thisis negative factor as they are getting angry when someone is controlling theirusage and this yelling leads to anxiety and depression. • 47% of the girls are always feelingirritated without using this applications and only 15% of the girls never feelirritated without using these applications.
This irritation may lead to seriouspsychosomatic illness in the future. Findings Related to Academic Performancewhile using Facebook and WhatsApp• Academic performance is much affected because 57%of the girls always find it difficult to concentrate during their examinationand 20% of the girls sometimes find it difficult to concentrate duringexamination. These applications have become a distraction. • It is visualthat the girls face problems in grammatical construction of sentences andspelling as 37% of the girls say their grammar and vocabulary is alwaysaffected. • It is shocking that 50% of the girls feel thattheir studies are always affected and only 5% feel that their studies are notaffected.
As studies are affected it also impacts on their marks and it isvisible that 58% of the students feel that their marks are always affected.This clearly reveals that their academic performance has gone to a lower level.• It is good to note that 52% of the girls use theseapplications to share their study related notes. • It isobvious that the extra-curricular activities would reduce if the girls indulgein internet and it can be seen that 39% of the girls always feel in the sameway. Suggestions • It is important for Adolescent girls to updateknowledge about the upcoming technology but it is not necessary to get addictedto the same. • Adolescence is the crucial period for every girl,so they should try to develop themselves intellectually than wasting more timeon internet and social media.
• It is also important for parents to keenly observetheir children on the kinds of websites they are investing their time, so theycan avoid unnecessary problems in future • Parentsshould also try to spend more time with their children and connect emotionallyso that girls can connect more with family than with mobiles and computers • Awareness should be created among School andcollege girls regarding the pros and cons of the social media so that they canuse it effectively.Conclusion Adolescence means “To grow into maturity”.It is a bio-social transition between childhood and adulthood. Adolescencerefers to the behavioural characteristics of this period that are influenced byculture and physical change. The innocence, boisterousness and transparentnaivety of childhood seem to be vanishing like dew before sun. Very fewadolescent girls have passed through this stage of turbulence with poise andprecision but most get shaken and weakened due to the enormous convulsivechanges of physiological, sociological and psychological dimensions. They tendto suffer from swinging moods and emotional instability. As an adolescent theycrave for companionship.
They need someone to confide their secrets. This isnow more possible through internet and social networking. Thus the findings ofthe present study also reveal that the Adolescent girls are addicted toFacebook and WhatsApp and they undergo physical discomfort and their academicperformance is also affected. Although most of them are aware that they getdistracted they undergo an inner urge to use it regularly. This is a seriousissue which should be noted in the current scenario.
As foreign countries areplanning to list internet addictions under mental disorders, we should becareful enough to uproot this problem as much as we can. There should be alimit in using the Social networking sites and use it in a proper way.Technology should only improve the standards of people without disrupting theirlives. So it is in the hands of the Social networking users to take care of thephysical, psychological and psychosomatic health in a better way.