The importance of looking at child’s development holisticallyIt is important to remember that all children are different and they have different individual needs, even babies of a young age are complex and before starting to understand the development of a child, their development should be viewed holistically as a whole.Holistic development is a practical approach to a comprehensive learning system where physical, social, emotional, mind and spiritual growth of a child are considered. This style of education focuses on learning and also on implementing what is learnt. It is importand to rember, in a Holistic Approach, different things are learnt at different stages by childeren. For example; walking, talking, fine motor skills etc. Emphasis is put on whether a child can walk by fourteen months or talk by twenty months a lot but these are not fair or accurate assumptions on which to base our knowledge and understanding of a child’s development. Holistic development is the total development of every area of development in children. Different aspects of children’s development are interlinked and co-dependent, so they will each be important to the child’s holistic development.When nuturing a child as a whole, approaching it holistically helps learning through engagement. Each child is analysed individually and will learn different opportunities in different ways. The Holistic Approach to learning is recognized through each unique child and acknowledges the fact that there is no single teaching style. Each child is suggested to learn in their own time and pace, and go to different paths. This helps the child gain more independence and confidence in their learning.The emotional well-being plays a big a part of a childs mental well-being with regards to holistic development. If a child is emotionally stable, he/she will be able to learn and understand a higher amount new material and information. Promoting a child’s independence and confidence is how this is done, which is highly encouraged in holistic learning.Practitioners also need to be aware of any factors influencing a child’s development. They do this by working closely with the child’s parents. This means they will be able to identify whether the child needs anything extra in the setting to give them any support required. Some of the main things which may affect a child’s development after the birth are diet, food allergies, accidents, illness and behaviour. These are the most common factors however there are other factors influencing a child’s development. Some of these include loss or bereavement, poverty/poor housing, the cultural background of a child and if they do not feel valued for who they are and any learning difficulties. All of these factors need to be remembered when looking at a child’s development holistically.Identify the basic needs of childrenAll children have basic needs which have to be addressed in order for them to feel loved, valued and respected. Love and affectionEvery child needs to feel loved. This will help them to grow up to be confident and strong people. Children who are left out by otheres at an early age feel insecure and threatened. They may also struggle to make strong relationships with other people, because they struggle to trust people. When a child is given affection from a parent this can lead to Higher self-esteem, better communication, and fewer behaviour problems. Parental warmth and affection has been found to help childeren’s use of social support and is also positively related to adolescent academic competence. On the other hand, low levels of parental love and affection can create feelings of alienation, expressions of hostility and aggression, diminished self-esteem, and antisocial behaviour. Food When it comes to food, a child must have a nutritious, balanced diet for more than one reason. Making sure they get the right vitamins and minerals will help them grow and develop. It is more likely for the child to be energised and motivated. This will help their ability to learn. Teaching them about healthy eating during school will help them make healthier choices as they grow up. Later in life, dietary habits can be influenced by what food a child eats in their early years, so it’s important to create good habits and a healthy relationship with food from the very start.Nutrition of a healthy nature is important for your child’s growth and development. This is not only physically but also mentally. A child’s stomach is smaller than an adults so it is important that the food that you give them is as nutritious as possible. If they eat a lot of unhealthy food it means they are missing out on the nutrients that help bones to develope stronger, muscles to also develop stronger and heal any injuries. WarmthChildren need to be kept adequately warm. They will be able to channel that vitality towards the development of their vital organs; the liver, kidneys, lungs, spleen, gastrointestinal system, etc. Keeping children warm also helps them to more mount a sufficient immune response when exposed to colds and flus and actually allows them to develop a very healthy immune system. If a child’s parents/caregivers have a lack of money will often result in littla e or no heating reducing homes to damp, unhealthy conditions. Although money does not buy a child love and affection it does make the home a safer, warmer and cleaner place to live.EducationChildren need an environment that helps them learn more skills in life. Education is a very important tool for Children to succeed and reach their full potential. It prepares them for their futures and for ‘real life’. Knowledge gained throughout the education period enables each and every individual to feel confident. It opens various doors to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life and so promotes career growth. Education also helps children to socialise and form friendships. This is another important factor as children are growing up. ClothingThe clothing children wear influences the quality of their experiences as clothes can affect their health, safety, comfort, play and learning. Children must have adequate clothing in order to meet their basic needs. Children’s clothing can have a significant impact upon their health, safety and wellbeing. This can relate not only to the types of clothes that children wear, but also to when and how these are worn. It is important that children are not over or under dressed, and that clothing suits the temperature. Some types of clothing can tend to hinder children’s participation in some activities. When clothes fit properly or are not too loose or too tight, children can move freely and comfortably and so they will take part in various activities. The clothes children wear can also affect the development of their independence and self- help skills. Shoes is also a part of adequate clothing, children need to wear safe comfortable shoes that fit well, shoes must provide support as well as protection for their feet. Shoes with soles that grip make climbing and other physical activities easier and safer for children. Medical careAppropriate health care, including dental care is also another important need that must be met for every child for example; if they exhibit signs of poor health, such as fatigue, infected cuts, and constant itching or scratching of skin or just overall feeling poorly, they need the correct medical care in order to look after the child’s overall health.Failure to get competent medical attention for any illnesses, injuries or any form of impairment is called medical neglect. Delay in getting medical attention is also neglect.StimulationA stimulating environment is one that offers children many interesting things to do, see, hear and touch. Children need activities that arouse or stimulate your child’s sense of sight, touch, taste, sound, and smell. Child stimulation can help improve the Childs attention span, memory, curiosity, and nervous system development. Stimulation of the mental faculties helps in the cognitive development of children. A child’s senses are stimulated from birth, but the greatest show of brain activity is in the first three years of a child’s life. This means that these early stages are the best time for child mental development and for stimulation for future cognitive development.Talking to children provides one of the most effective forms of stimulation for a child’s mental development. When parents and care givers interact with the child a great deal; there is better cognitive, social and emotional development in children, leading to better skills at mathematics, enhanced reasoning and self-expression. Even before infants can talk, child cognitive development is taking place, and they are receptive to the stimulation provided by conversation. In order to feel accepted and part of their community children need to feel involved. They need to gain a sense of belonging and have their participation valued and accepted. In order to do this they need to be cared for and taught by enthusiastic adults who are interested in them and value their opinions.The role of an adult providing for the basic needs of childrenIn order to ensure the child is being looked after and their needs are being met, nappy changing routines are essential. A child’s nappy needs to be changed on average around 12 times a day or more if needed. To change a childs nappy correctly and suffiently the adult will need; a clean nappy, a changing unit or a changing mat (which you can lay on the floor) baby wipes or alternativly a bowl of warm water and cotton wool or a clean cloth, a cream which acts as a barrier against nappy rash and nappy bags to put the used nappy in.To change the childs nappy the adult should wipe away most of the faeces using the front part of the nappy then gently tuck the nappy under the childs bottom with the clean side facing up. The adult should then use the baby wipes to clean the childs bottom whilst also carefully lifting the childs legs up with their ankles in order to make sure everywhere is clean. Then the adult should apply a thin layer of cream to the child’s bottom and remove the used nappy from under the child and place it in the nappy sack along with the soiled baby wipes or cotton wool. Once thats been done you can place a new clean nappy under the childs bottom and then fasten it over their tummy. As the child starts to get older it is important to encourage the child to be more independent. Potty training should start when the child is physically ready, potty training is a new skill for the child to learn. It’s best to go at the child’s pace and be patient with them, once a childs ready they can control their bladder and want to be kept clean and dry. The best way to encourage potty training is when there is no big disruptions or changes to the familys routine, it is important to stay consistant so that it doensn’t confuse the child. Some of the signs a child is ready to potty train are as follows; if they tell you when they are passing urine or having a poo, when they know they’ve got a wet or dirty nappy, they show you that they need to pass urine by fidgeting or going somewhere quiet or telling you in advance that they need to pass urine. Its best by gradually getting the child used to the potty and placing it where they can see it (prefably the bathroom) explain to them what the potty is used for to help them understand. You can also use the childs toys to show what the potty is used for, children learn by watching and copying. You could also see if the child is happy to sit on the potty to get used to it in between changing their nappy. Also encouraging the child to sit on the potty after meals will help them understand what its used for. A little praise from the adult once the child succeeds at using the potty will also help such as a sticker chart, it will also help to build the childs confidence. Another way to meet the basic needs of the child is washing and bathing them. To do this you need to get everything ready in advance, you’ll need to fill their bath tub with warm water (to make sure the water is at the right temperature you’ll need to use a thermometer) a towel, clean nappy, cotton wool and clean clothes. To wash the child the adult will need to dip the cotton wool into warm water (making sure its not too wet) then gently clean around the child’s eyes using a new peice of cotton wool for each eye, then clean around the childs ears and do the same with their neck, face and hands and any folds on the skin on the child. To bathe a child the water should also be warm, firstly to wash their hair the adult should support the child’s head over the water and pour the water over to wash their hair. Then gently lower the child into the tub supporting their head and shoulders also keeping their head clear of the water, they should then gently swish the water over the child paying close attention not to splash the child. Afterwards you should then lift the child out of the tub and pat them dry, making sure to dry the creases of the skin. Looking after the child’s hair, skin and teeth is also another basic need of a child. If a child has bad skin or an infection it is vital that they have the correct skincare products. A few points to avoid the skin from getting infections are to change the childs nappy often, keep the skin moisterized appropriatly and only use the specific products advised if the child has a skin allergy or condition. Babies and children should bathe daily to keep clean and hygenic as they often sweat whilst sleeping. However it can often be the case that children shouldnt bathe everyday if they have a skin condition such as eczema, alternatively another way to keep clean is to gently clean them with warm water and cotton wool in key areas such as thier underarms, face and groin area. Children with allergys will require certain products. Head lice is quite common, to treat head lice the child will need certain treatments which may include special lotions and combs. Using adult shampoo would not be appropraite to use to wash a childs hair as it might sting the childs eyes or irritate their scalp. If a sensitive head has had harsh products that include chemicals used to it on a daily basis then it is possible that the childrens hair will always be damaged and may lead to hair loss in the future. Using gentle shampoos and gentle techniques when combing or brushing will leave the hair to its own device. Another basic need of a child is teeth care, when a baby is first born they have 20 primary teeth developed in the jaw, to prevent creating bad bacteria the adult could use a damp washcloth gently over the babies gums after feeds. Once the child has a few teeth showing, brushing them with a soft childs toothbrush will help to keep their teeth clean and healthy if the routine is consistant. Children ages 1-3 should only use toothpaste the size of a pea if their cavity risk is high, if they have low cavity risk then a wet toothbrush would be the best thing to use. From ages 3-6 children should also be using a small amount of toothpaste applied by the adult.Meal time routines is also another basic need of the child which the adult is responsible for. Children of all ages benefit from routines and it is important they have consistency. Children should have their meals and snacks at the same time everyday. If a meal time is going to change the child should be made aware in advance to avoid behaviour issues that might occur when the child faces unexpected change. To set a mealtime routine in place the adult should make children aware of how long it will be until their meal is ready, which allows the child to finish whatever activity they may be doing and prepare themselfs. Also before meals the adult could implement tasks should as setting the table once they have washed their hands. Adults should also promote healthy habits for the child when it comes to meal times, if the child is distracted by the tv or electronics then this may encourage over eating and decreases socialization. Giving children assigned seats at the table and a place mat can help them identify their space for eating. Working in partnership with any other organisations it is essential in order to identify any additional needs the child may have and to safeguard the children in the adults care. It is important to remember that the practitioner must act on any sort of concerns they may have as it is their responsibility to ensure that they have the child’s best interests at heart at all times. The benefits of working in partnership means that the pracitioner could identify a problem that the parents didn’t pick up on and once the problem has been addressed then the childs parents and the practitioners can work together to solve this and do whatever necassary to help the child. Working in partnership involves parents, practitioners and families working together to benefit the children, each recognizes, respects and values what the other does and says. In addition children would benefit from feeling more secure when moving from one setting to another with greater confidence. When the pracititoners and parents work together the practitioners can help the children to develop a sense of belonging and identity by actively engaging and finding out about the childs traditions and beliefs and family values. Pracitioners can also get a better understanding of the children and their families and use the information to make learning more enjoyable and rewarding for the children. When working in partnership the childs parents could also benefit from having more knowledge and increased confidence in their own parenting skills and they could also learn more about their childrens experiences outside the home and use the imformation to support their childs learning and development more effectively and effeiciently, they may also feel more involved in their childs learning and development. The parents will also feel more at ease and comfortable visiting the setting, talking and planning with the practitioners.