The Threat to World Peace and Securitydue to the South China Sea dispute has come to a whole new level. Afterexpanding and building man-made islands in the South China Sea, China alsoplaced their Military base like in Fiery cross island which threatens theneighboring countries surrounding the South China Sea” stated UN Official ofMyanmar few months ago. He added “It’s almost a year but the dispute over theSpartly and Paracel islands remains unsolved, disputed and threatening”.Currently the South China Sea is underrecognition of UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea) and ASEAN(Association of Southeast Asian Nations). These international organizations areworking to solve the threatening South China Sea dispute. The escalatingtensions grown when Philippine police seized a Chinese fishing boat and itscrew fishing on China’s Half Moon Shoal and Vietnam disturbed the routinedrilling of a Chinese oil rig in the South China Sea.People’sRepublic of China claimed around 90% of the South China Sea referring to theNine-Dash Line, which is an imprecise line that was drawn dating back to the 15thCentury.
The Spartly islands are the heart of the sea. Currently these islandsare claimed by four countries any countries which claim these islands canbasically extend their EEZ to include whole Spartly islands. The reason whyMyanmar is so concerned about this is because Myanmar is geographicallyneighboring the conflict area. The republic of the Union of Myanmar keptASEAN position neutral on the South China Sea disputes. U Htin Kyaw stated in aspeech, “Keeping ASEAN position neutral on the South China Sea does not meanthat we will not do anything to solve the dispute.”Myanmar has contributed to solve thisdispute peacefully.
This nation has signed treaties about this conflict andactively participated in the meetings related to the same. Highly consideringthat if the dispute leads to a war, Myanmar will be highly affected since itlies very close to China and the Sea. The Sanchi whichwas carrying 1 million barrels of oil trading from Iran to South Korea in theEast China Sea exploded when it collided with a Hong Kong registered CFcrystals Freighter. It was burning since 9 days and finally sinked.
Assumingthat the same could happen in any other sea, Myanmar has produced fire fighterships with extreme facilities which can control the fire.Accordingto Myanmar officials, “the EEZ was created in order to provide subsistencefishing grounds for developing nation. So, Vietnam is a classic case for this.The EEZ was never designed to try to give great powers access to additional oiland gas on the sea bed.
” Hence, the EEZ should not be used negatively.China constructed Airstrips, Radarsystems and Missile programs with 200 troops in the manmade islands over theSpartly islands. The strangest thing about the island is that in 2014 theseislands didn’t exist. They were just underground reefs. After 2014, hugeChinese ships could be seen pumping sand to those reefs adding an average ofmore than 3.
5 acres every day.Various policies have been made andtreaties have been signed in the context of the sea dispute. The policiesinclude the 12 nautical miles ‘sovereign’ territory and 200 nautical miles’Exclusive Economic Zone’ where as treaties include the ‘UNCLOS’. Various countrieshave signed this treaty. Myanmar is one of the ratification members of thistreaty.Research has showed that approximately30% of world trade passes through the South China Sea to fulfill the needs of booming2.
2 billion East Asian people. Additionally, the South China Sea is the home of10% of world’s fish; the South China Sea has around 11 billion barrels of oiland 190 trillion feet3 of Natural Gases making it one of the mostimportant water bodies of the whole world. The use of weapons will highlyaffect the sea and its resources and aquatic life. Hence,solving this dispute peacefully and without the use of weapons is veryimportant. Whenthe delegate was writing this position paper, the delegation felt that thisissue should be under the consideration of all countries keeping in mind thatthis dispute involves military bases which are a serious matter. Countriesshould understand that this dispute may lead to violence.