thepurpose of this study was to find out if sports massage has an effect on the muscularstrength of an athlete. (Sportstherapyuk.com Patria A) states that Sportmassage has been used for centuries in an attempt to prevent injuries. Massageis considered to enhance muscle relaxation reduce muscle tension and sorenesspromote the healing process, and consequently improve an athlete’smuscular strength and performance According to perviousresearch, massage has an effect on the athlete physically. (ARCHER, P.
A.) states that pre and post massage helps to improve the range ofmotion, improving the flexibility. Without the full range of movement theathlete cannot perform to the best of their ability, for example when looking atmicro traumas due to DOMS Physio.co.
uk. (2011). States that an adhesion is formed and fibres lay in a disorganisedfashion across muscle fibres and fascia. This adhesion can restrict the rangeof movement. By performing a massage, blood flow is increased taking nutrientsto the site of injury while also warming up the muscle.
With stress and anincrease in temperature it increases their elasticity and flexibility to helpfurther reduce restriction. Afterfibres they are encouraged to realign with the body’s natural muscle fibres,increasing ROM. If the injury had occurred to a rugby player on his/herhamstring. The massage increasing the ROM can help to improve the strength theyneed to push the scrum.
where as if the muscle was tight, they would not becapable of producing as much ROM, not allowing them obtain as much strength asthey would like Blood flow canhelp to improve the strength and bodily function of an individual when microtrauma occurs (Cahalane, E.Massageenvy.com) states that Massage facilitatescirculation due to the pressure created by the massage technique moving bloodthrough the congested areas. The massage flushes lacticacid from the muscles and improves the circulation of the lymph fluid whichcarries metabolic waste away from muscles and internal organs, resulting in animproved body function. Another aim ofthis study is to look at not only the physiological effects for massage on themuscular strength, but to also what happens mentally.Previousresearch states that Massage is not only effective from a physically point ofview but also mentally (ARCHER, P.
A.) states that massage for some athletescan be a placebo effect, where they believe it will help their performance, Variousbodies of research compiled by (I., ZAKARIA 2013) indicate that massage therapy reduces,heart rate, anxiety, Stabilizes cortisoland increases serotonin and dopamine.
A study carried out by Neurosci, j.(2005) proved this as there a significantdecreases in cortisol levels averaging decreases 31% whereas serotonin anddopamine increased by 28% and 31% the increase of these chemicals helpsto relax and decrease anxiety, this has a significant link to the performanceof athletes improving as they can focus more on their performance. Similarresearch to this experiment has been done by Jönhagen,S. (2004).
Where Sixteen subjects performed 300 maximal eccentriccontractions of the quadriceps muscle bilaterally. Massage was given to 1 leg,whereas the other leg served as a control. Maximal strength was tested on aKin-Com dynamometer,Anotherstudy performed by Wiktorsson-Moller, M.
(1983) was very similar to this, bothconcluded that massage was less effective than simple things such as stretchingand light exercise, due to their being little scientific research, thisexperiment aims to find out if the recovery of the leg from DOMS can effectstrength.