The into upazilas. To ensure the actual representation of

The present study uses
the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data, conducted in 2014, 2011, 2007,
2004, 1999-2000, 1996-1997, 1993-1994 respectively.  The survey is based on   two-stage stratified sampling design. The
primary sampling unit (PSU) for the survey is an Enumeration block; each block
contains an average of 120 household. In the second stage of sampling, they
choose selected number of household as representation of whole population by
using systematic sampling to provide statistically reliable estimates of key
demographic and health variables.


The sample of DHS is
nationally representative and conducted by National Institute of Population
Research and Training (NIPORT) of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,
Bangladesh and implemented by Mitra and Associates, a Bangladesh research firm
located in Dhaka, technical supported by ICF International of Rockville,
Maryland, USA and funded by U.S Agency for international Development
(USAID).Bangladesh administrated by five seven divisions: Barisal, Chittagong,
Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet also furthermore its bifurcated into zilas,
and each zilas into upazilas. To ensure the actual representation of the
population BDHS used sampling weights

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DHS provide information
to evaluate and monitor international set goals and agenda like Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) now Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to
basic demographic characteristics, health, and nutrition sector development
programs. Further DHS Women’s Questionnaire sample is targeted on ever-married
women age   15-49 years of women
according to background characteristics (e.g., age, education, religion),
reproductive history, use and source of family planning methods, antenatal
care, delivery, postnatal, and newborn care, Breastfeeding and infant feeding
practices, Child immunization and illnesses, Marriage, fertility preferences,
husband’s background and respondent’s work. Bangladesh demographic and health
survey (BDHS) provide complete set of information related to 80 month of women
pregnancy history about termination and alive births in 15-49 years women life
exposure including sex of child, month and year of each birth, pregnancy
duration, survival status, women age, child mortality information recorded in
days, month and year to precisely estimates of infant and child mortality.

Table 1 (a) shows the
descriptive findings of  pregnancy
termination and table 1(b) is represent for alive children, For more precise
results I also checked child mortality may have some link with the mother being
conceived during Ramadan due to availability of mother date of birth. I used
individual record DHS file to get information regarding alive children date of
birth and for termination I used 80 month women pregnancy history. Its covered
eighty month of women related to pregnancy, alive birth, still birth, pregnancy
termination, lactation and contraceptive used. The good quality of this data is
it give you complete set of information related to household, household
members, children, women, men and other all aspects of demographic and other
exogenous demographic characteristics. Due to data limitation of father date of
birth I am unavailable to check child mortality link between father conceptions
during Ramadan. For pregnancy termination I have 48,365 Muslims sample and with
12% pregnancy termination its 42,434, on the other side 5,118 non-Muslims sample
with 13% loss its 4,467.