The present study usesthe Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data, conducted in 2014, 2011, 2007,2004, 1999-2000, 1996-1997, 1993-1994 respectively. The survey is based on two-stage stratified sampling design. Theprimary sampling unit (PSU) for the survey is an Enumeration block; each blockcontains an average of 120 household. In the second stage of sampling, theychoose selected number of household as representation of whole population byusing systematic sampling to provide statistically reliable estimates of keydemographic and health variables.
The sample of DHS isnationally representative and conducted by National Institute of PopulationResearch and Training (NIPORT) of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,Bangladesh and implemented by Mitra and Associates, a Bangladesh research firmlocated in Dhaka, technical supported by ICF International of Rockville,Maryland, USA and funded by U.S Agency for international Development(USAID).Bangladesh administrated by five seven divisions: Barisal, Chittagong,Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet also furthermore its bifurcated into zilas,and each zilas into upazilas.
To ensure the actual representation of thepopulation BDHS used sampling weights DHS provide informationto evaluate and monitor international set goals and agenda like MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDGs) now Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related tobasic demographic characteristics, health, and nutrition sector developmentprograms. Further DHS Women’s Questionnaire sample is targeted on ever-marriedwomen age 15-49 years of womenaccording to background characteristics (e.g.
, age, education, religion),reproductive history, use and source of family planning methods, antenatalcare, delivery, postnatal, and newborn care, Breastfeeding and infant feedingpractices, Child immunization and illnesses, Marriage, fertility preferences,husband’s background and respondent’s work. Bangladesh demographic and healthsurvey (BDHS) provide complete set of information related to 80 month of womenpregnancy history about termination and alive births in 15-49 years women lifeexposure including sex of child, month and year of each birth, pregnancyduration, survival status, women age, child mortality information recorded indays, month and year to precisely estimates of infant and child mortality.Table 1 (a) shows thedescriptive findings of pregnancytermination and table 1(b) is represent for alive children, For more preciseresults I also checked child mortality may have some link with the mother beingconceived during Ramadan due to availability of mother date of birth. I usedindividual record DHS file to get information regarding alive children date ofbirth and for termination I used 80 month women pregnancy history. Its coveredeighty month of women related to pregnancy, alive birth, still birth, pregnancytermination, lactation and contraceptive used. The good quality of this data isit give you complete set of information related to household, householdmembers, children, women, men and other all aspects of demographic and otherexogenous demographic characteristics.
Due to data limitation of father date ofbirth I am unavailable to check child mortality link between father conceptionsduring Ramadan. For pregnancy termination I have 48,365 Muslims sample and with12% pregnancy termination its 42,434, on the other side 5,118 non-Muslims samplewith 13% loss its 4,467.