The world we are living
in is very dynamic. People change and so does the society and its interests.
The history of blood and war are well known, studied and discussed but the same
is not the case with sexual assaults. This concept is seldom discussed and often
enshrouded out of ignominy by both men and women. The stories of ADOLF HITLLER,
KING ASHOKA and ALEXANDER THE GREAT are well known and their administration, war
policies, governance etc are a part of the school curriculum as well. But how
many of us know the actual reason behind the downfall of the Roman Empire? The
rape of the prefect’s daughter Lucretia by the King’s son Sextus Tarquinius was
the precipitating event which led to the end of the monarchical roman rule.
This incident is considered as the first ever rape issue to be recognised.
However it doesn’t mean that the concept of rape was rare. Historical tales
that lead to dark truth are often concealed.
While considering rape,
the foremost thought that comes into every mind is that a woman has been raped
or a man has raped someone. It is almost unimaginable for the society to accept
that a man can also be raped, that he can also be traumatised as much as any
other women and in many cases more than women after being raped. Such thoughts
have made the life of a male rape survivor miserable. There have been number of
situations where neither the society nor the police have come to the rescue of
the male victim and all in all have refused to believe in the happening of the
same. Yet again such attitude shouldn’t be much of a surprise for us since this
is the same society where even if a woman is getting raped on the middle of a
road the society would rather record the incident for pleasure rather than fight
for the modesty of the women. Thus it is very unlikely for the very same
society, who consider male child crying as shameful and unmanly to come to his
Going hand in hand with
our society, our laws have also made the term ‘raped’ synonymous to women. The
legislators considered it biologically impossible for the victimisation of man
in such offences. Thus according to our laws, Rape is considered to be an act
that can only be done by man.
thoughts do not allow us to think rationally. Various social experiments have
been conducted by various private organisations, individuals and to some extent
our survey has also been instrumental in disproving such stereotypes. Man gets
raped and not just by another man but also by women. These statements were
verified by an experiment conducted by United
States on 3000 adults. According to the research about 10% of the surveyed
males had been raped during their adult years, among the college students these
numbers raised to 16%. However, this might probably be an underestimate as men
usually neither report their assaults to authorities nor come out open in the
public regarding the same.
It becomes very
difficult to explain their experience of rape for male survivors as they have
always been taught that men cannot be victims of sexual assault. Also some
victims consider the rape only as a physical assault and seek assistance for
physical injuries, seldom seek counselling to deal with the emotional after
effects. Also, the fear of their sexual
identity being questioned prevents them from reporting.
According to the survey
conducted by NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, indicating the victims
of the adult sexual assault, in South
Wales 17% are men, and out of it 50% of them are aged between 16 and 24
years. Additionally one in every prison inmate under the age of 25 years has
been raped while in prison.
In 2017 a South African
police official during the investigation of abduction and rape case filed by a
resident, confirmed that out of the total number of rape cases being reported
20% are of the male population. In this case a middle aged resident was
kidnapped and gang raped for 3 days repeatedly by three women. This case can be
termed a milestone in the South African
investigation which led to the breaking of the stereotypical thinking and
eventually the society started accepting the fact that a man can also be raped.
Soon after the revelation, there have been many organisations set up for the
relief of the victims.
no different, when it comes to neglecting the vital issues. Ideally, India
alone would be able to provide the authentic data for the statistical
comparison of the rape survivorship between men and women. However, as the
legal definition of rape in India does not cover the one committed against men,
there is no proper way to determine how many male survivors exist in India. But
the child sexual abuse survey conducted by the Indian government in 2007 showed
alarming results. Out of those surveyed 57.3% boys and 42% of girls reported
experiences of sexual assault including rape or sodomy. Most recently, in a
survey conducted by Delhi based centre for civil society, it was found that
approximately 18% of Indian adult men are sexually abused. Out of these 16%
alleged a female perpetrator and 2% claimed a male perpetrator. But our nation
still refuses to believe the existence of such occurrences despite many PILs
filed in the courts on their behalf and Reports submitted suggesting such
changes. With 2013 Amendment in IPC the definition of rape has been further
narrowed now, limiting it only to cases of penetrations.
In countries like India
where discussion on sexual intercourse is considered to be a taboo, courses on
bad touch and good touch is an alien concept.
scenario of past few decades the credibility of rape, violence and molestation
cases framed are at stake.