The purpose of this report is to provide an in-depth explanation of the theory of evolution and Islam’s position on this theory. This is to conclude the false opinions of the theory of evolution. The theory of Evolution by natural selection was first developed by Darwin, in his book called, “On the Origin of Species” published in 1859.
Primarily this theory is in which the process of organisms changing over time as a result of modifications inheritable, physical, or behavioral survival traits. These changes allow a living organism to adapt to its environment and which it can benefit its survival and have greater offsprings.In the mid-1700s Carolus Linnaeus came up with his own taxonomy naming system. It was grouped like species together and showed that there was an evolutionary collection between these species and naming group.In the late-1700s, scientists like Comte de Buffon and Charles Darwin’s grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, both claimed that the species changed over time but never had evidence to confront this theory.Then a student, Jhon Baptiste Lamarck, first publicly stated that these species changed over time but part of it was proven false. Lamarck said that these acquired traits were passed down to offspring. Georges Cuvier was also able to prove another part of the theory incorrect but had evidence that there were living organisms that evolved but then gone extinct.
Another scientist believed in catastrophism, meaning these changes happened suddenly and violently. James Hutton and Charles Lyell disapproved Cuvier’s idea with another belief of uniformitarianism. This belief means that these changes evolve slowly and change over time. Alleles develop because of 4 diverse phases of evolution. Those are natural selection, genetic drift, mutations, and gene flow. The meaning of mutations is basically the main source of the alleles in a gene.
Two main causes of evolutionary change are the natural selection and genetic drift. communities.Natural selection is basically when organisms have divergent traits in a population and have a greater endurance and reproductive amount with an increase and pass on the transmitted features to the offspring. Evolution processes through natural selection otherwise these qualities can improve greater chances and continues to succeed throughout further generations. Some increasing effects of this mechanism are that the population grows much bigger and they only succeed in certain environments. But this process is achieved by certain reproductive prevails of these organisms. It also mostly happens in larger groups than smaller ones.
Genetic drift is a mechanism of evolution where allele consistencies of a population revise over generations Genetic drift happens in all different populations but is achieved mostly in the smaller population. Can conclude by decreasing of the fixation, or rise to 100% percent frequency, of different alleles. It can have many large effects especially when populations are reduced in greater amounts in size by natural disasters or when a small populations separated from major groups to found a colony, also known as the founder effect.A punctuated equilibrium is a theory representing a change that happens quickly and in brief geographic events. This is established when there are fossil records and when a phenotypic evolution happen. This theory predicts that when there is a great change, something called cladogenesis occurs.
Cladogenesis is basically then a species separated into 2 different other species changing and improving over time. Some paleontologists such as Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge stated something at which it was referred to “punctuated equilibrium. But, evolution is known to occur easily and constantly.Evolution occurs – organisms change over time and life on earth has changed as descendants diverged from common ancestors in the past.Evolution occurs by natural selection – where living things with beneficial traits produce more offsprings than others.
This results from changes in the organism’s traits over time.Many people think that all species were created at the created at the same period but stayed consistent after that. They also believe that the earth was brought more than 6,000 years ago. In 1831, Darwin was just 22 years old and went on a voyage to set sail on his ship called HMS Beagle. He was the naturalist on the voyage who collected specimens of plants, animals, rocks, and fossils on the way.
This voyage was the most important time of his life. While making his observations, his former teacher published his accounts of observations. These clues helped expand his theory and when he returned to England, he became a famous naturalist. On his journey, he saw many fossils with seashells and other living organisms in mountains way above sea level. They suggested that the oceans changed greatly over time. Rock ledges that had once been beaches built up during the past. Darwin also saw fossils of extinct animals such as the ground sloth. The first reason why this theory is wrong, it is stated in all research sources, THEORY of Evolution.
A theory is an in-depth explanation of an observed incident. Meaning this theory is not identified as a law. Otherwise, a law is a statement of an observed incident.Also, organisms can’t just change from a fish to a dolphin or whale as a cause of natural selection. Natural selection can result in a small amount of change in the organism’s body and can reproduce more and live with a higher chance of survival.
To conclude this report, as stated above the Quran has defended with ayas showing that Allah has created mankind and almost everything around us. He has created everything that we have not made ourselves. This theory has brought many people to believe in it but there are still many unanswered questions which have been answered by Allah in the Quran.