Nowadays, the popularity of internet is increased
and millions of businesses use it as a cost-effective channel. On this channel,
they can exchange information with their target market and make fast, secure
transactions. However, effective engagement can be performed when the business
is able to capture and store all the necessary business data, and have a means
of processing this information and presenting results to the user. The only way
to perform this case can be performed by using web application.
What is web application?
A web application is a computer program that
utilizes web browsers and web technology to perform tasks over the internet. It
can be developed a combination of server-side scripts (PHP and ASP) to handle
the storage and retrieval of the information, and client-side scripts
interact with the company using online forms, content management systems,
shopping carts and more. In addition, the applications allow employees to
create documents, share information, collaborate on projects, and work on
common documents regardless of location or device.
How a web
Some web applications are usually coded in
on the browser to render the program executable. Some web applications are
dynamic so that it requiring server-side processing. Others are completely
static with no processing required at the server
The web application requires a web server to manage
request from the client, an application server to perform the task requested
and sometimes, a database to store the information. Application server
technology ranges from ASP.NET, ASP and ColdFusion, to PHP and JSP.
Here is what a typical web application flows look like:
Users triggers a
request to the web server over the Internet, either through a web browser or
the application’s user interface
forwards this request to the appropriate web application server.
server performs requested task – such as querying the database or processing
the data – then generates the results of the requested data.
server results to the web server with the requested information or processed
responds back to the client with the requested information then appears on the
of a website
The functionality of a web application is important
parts of the web application. It is the interaction between the web user and
visitor. The function of the website is difference according to the difference
organizational purpose for the website. The functionality of web application
allows the user to respond in some way according to its purpose. The design and
features of the web application may be varies but the functionality is the
same. Here are some of the functions of the web application.
File download /
Functions of the
Online Learning system
Online learning web application is the application
which can help in delivering training materials and/or gained skills
development to the user. Online learning is a way of studying through online
without needing to addend on campus. The online learning website aims at those
who wish to study for postgraduate qualification alongside work or other
commitments. It includes learning with assistance of the internet and a
personal computer. So to provide learning assistance to the web application,
some of the functions are considered to be used. They are
Course Creation is the most basic function of the
online learning website. Online Learning website should add course creation
function to be online learning website so that online user of this website can
learn course from it. This is essential for online learning process which can
be used to build the learning materials into the system.
Skills and certification tracking function should be
added to the system because it can motivate to every kind of users of online
learning website. This function provides the user with certificate of their
skills after completing their course or training.
This function should be added to implement the
online learning website due to the increase of mobile capabilities. Implementing
the responsive web design can fit the purpose of this function. So, learner can
participate the learning in any location using whether device they used.
Online learning website tends to engage the online
leaner to by the use of asynchronous functions. This features provides the
learner with videos, online readings, messaging and question/answers forum so
that the learner can complete their course at their place without needing to
talk with lecture or instructor
Gamification is the rarely added function to the
website. But it can turn learning into the friendly competition if it is used
in the right way. The games concerns with courses or training will engage the
online learner and it does not matter to the subject.
Video conferencing is the feature that helps the
student who need one on one attention or have complicated question with
instructor. Although most of the students can communicate the instructor with
messaging board or email, some of the students need this feature.
Social Learning/ Message Boards
This function can be done by providing message
boards and social learning features. This can help students to learn each
other. Besides, students can share their topic and questions/answers on the
message board. This will make in the enhancement of the online learning
Ecommerce and Subscriptions
Some online learning web applications do this for
their business. With this function, users have to make email subscription or
make one-time payment or monthly subscription to complete a course or learning
Benefits of the web
The user can access the web based application
anytime, anywhere via any device with an Internet connection. Besides the web
application provide the real time collaboration.
The web based applications are compatible because
they do not depend on the operational system like traditional software. They
depend on web browser such as internet explorer; Firefox, etc. are available
for multiple platform so that whether the different operations such as Windows,
Linux, or Mac OS, the web application can run on it without problem.
The web application can be customized easily than
the desktop application. The user interface of the web application can update
and customized to present the different user group because the web application
provides the server operation to the client. Once the customization in web
server did, it changed exactly to the same interface at all clients.
Accessible for a range of devices
Besides the web application can be customized
easily, they can be accessible in many device types such as computers, laptop,
tablet or mobile phone, etc. This can be done by the use of responsive design.
So, every user can access web application with their own device.
Easier installation and maintenance
The web applications are easier installation and
maintenance than other applications because it is only installed on the host
server. The user can access to the host server to use web application. Once the
administrator or programmers make upgrade or installation to the host server, the
entire user can access the upgrade or new version of the web application. There
is no need to install on the client device.
Once the web applications are hosted on the web
server, monitoring and maintenance can be done by the web administrator. So,
there is easier to monitor and maintain the web application in case of desktop
application. Therefore, the security is tighter and any security breaches can
be noticed easily.
Draw Back of web
This is one of the common drawbacks of the web
application. This can be occurred when user access the web application in the
area that has not been connected to the internet. This is because the web application
can be accessed only through the internet.
Not every web application is secure enough to be
used. The data of the web are less secure when the different users from all
over the world are accessing the same hosted server. But there are some ways to
reduce the security risks such as email encryption, and using HTTPS protocol.
There will be reduction in speed compare to the desktop
application or own server. There may be slightly decreasing in the speed of the
web application when it is the World Wide Web access.
There may be some issues when the user does not use
the updated version of the web browser which they used to access the website. This
is because some functions and features cannot work on the older browsers. This
will be one of the advantages of the web application.
Advantages of Online
Learning Web application
Variety of programs and courses
There are varieties of courses and programs in eLearning
compare to the traditional learning. The internet offers a wide range of
programs or courses compare to the learning from traditional universities or college.
So the user can find desire subject on internet and learn from it. This can improve
to the students carrier.
Lower total costs
Online learning courses can be more affordable than
learning in traditional colleges. Not all online learning have less expensive
than the traditional learning but the students can learn the course in free. Besides
there is no need to pay for the transportation costs, course materials such as
textbooks because they are free in online. Then the online learning can save
the students’ cost in some ways.
More comfortable learning environment
This is one of the advantages of eLearning. Due to
the accessible, compatible of the web application, the user can study their
course anywhere either in home. Online studying does not have class section,
and lectures and other materials goes electronically on internet so that the
students can study, and complement the assignments online. This makes more comfortable
learning environment than traditional learning.
Convenience and flexibility
The online learning is convenience and flexibility
to the people who need to balance work and family commitments with studying time.
Online learning gives opportunities to this people to plan study time as desire
time. This is because course materials are always accessible online so that
there is no need to worry about the time to study.
More interaction and greater ability to concentrate
The online learning is more interaction and greater ability
to concentrate to some students because there is no distracted by other
students and classroom activity like traditional learning. Some students are
shy to participate in class discussions or chats with face to face, so that the
online learning are more interaction and greater ability to these students as
these students can learning in their comfort place.
Online learning can take career advancement in
people who are in worked or in taking time to raise a family. This is because the
user can learn courses online while working or in family time. This will be one
of the benefits of the online learning.
Improve your technical skills
Learning the online courses required basic computer
skills as students learn to navigate different online learning management and
programs. So the technical skills of students can be improved with online
learning as students can be professions in creating and sharing documents,
incorporating audio/video materials into the assignments and completing online
The online learning web site offers the online
payment or credits. This will be advantage to the students who want to attend
the college but live too far from their colleges. In this case, online learning
website offers online payment so that the students will be able to earn college
credit to study.
Online Learning Web Application
Internet Connection Problems
The online learners may face to the problems while
there is a problem of the internet connections. The online learning is
depending on the internet so that it is not possible to learn online course if
there is no internet or slow connection.
Requires a Good Grasp of Tech Skills
There are some people who do not have enough technical
skills like how to how to navigate the screen and downloading and uploading materials
this is not easy in learning online courses for those people without these
Lacks the Warmth of Face to Face Interaction
Online learning is learning alone as there is no
classmate like traditional class. The traditional learning is more interesting
because the human interaction is present and able to communicate with face to
face. This lacks in online learning.
Unsuitable for Hands-on Fields
There are courses that require many practical
sessions such as surgery, medicine, and the sciences. You will need a lab,
which online programs cannot offer.
Stressful for Those with Weak Character
There are some students with lazy types. If these
students take online course, it will be a waste of time and money especially
for the professional courses. Besides, there is no tutor to follow up these
students. In these case, this is better for ordinary classroom based courses.
Possibility of Distractions
Although the students can study online courses anytime,
anywhere, there will be some disturbances while they studying. This could be
noise from environments and using social media and other entertainment website.
This could disturb in the learning of online courses. This is because there is
no discipline for students like traditional learning.