Statistics emerged from the need of states to gather data on their people and economies, keeping in mind the end goal to manage them. Its importance widened in the early 19th century to incorporate the accumulation and analysis of data all in all. Before turning into a science in its modern sense, statistics had a long, fascinating history of advancement.
The origin of descriptive statistics can be traced to ancient Rome, wherein registration of property was conducted, and also in China. It is known that 5000 years BC, a population census took place in China. Roman emperor Augustus conducted surveys on births and deaths of citizens of the empire as well as the amount of livestock each owned, and the crops each harvested. Keeping in mind the end goal to utilize this data, the Romans needed to create techniques for gathering, arranging, and compressing information.
In Ancient Rome, there were officers, called censors, who were in charge of populace censuses. These were obligatory for all people living under the governance of Rome. Their estimation of benefits was gathered, and their duty was figured in view of this information. All through history, statistics assumed an imperative part for governments around the globe for the making of censuses, to be utilized in various legislative planning activities.