This paper investigated organizational role stress in schools and the various facets of social support practices exercised through peer, upper management, family and students. The sample consists tot 110 employees trot various schools throughout the country. Factor analysis on the ten dimensions Of role stress developed by Parke (1983) was recognized.
The analysis revealed that there is a difference in the level of stress experienced by the teachers in government and private schools. Also, it reaffirms the notion that the married are more stressed than Role Stress In Teachers B Deliverable By Harass-Basic Group NO. 3 management of work related stress. This paper investigated organizational consists of 110 employees from various schools throughout the country. Factor analysis on the ten dimensions of role stress developed by Parke the unmarried teachers.
The study concludes that graduate teachers are more stressed than post graduate teachers. The results highlight the need for better workplace support systems in private schools while the emphasis on government schools should be to ensure the quality of teaching by maintaining the low stress levels. Introduction The main aim of school system is to ensure that pupils learn well and achieve the goals of education. For this noble aim to be realized much depend on teachers who are vested with responsibility of instructing pupils.
Occupational stress refers to the physical, mental and emotional wear and tear brought about by incongruence between the requirement of the job and he capabilities, resources and needs of the employee to cope with job demand. The workplace in teaching industry typically experience stress due to complexity of work and its divergent demand. Moreover work life conflicts affect effectiveness of the teachers as well as the school. Individuals hold onto various roles in society as well as at work. Teachers are perennially exposed to high level of stress cutting across all cultures.
Excessive workload and teaching hours, poor performance of the students, disruptive students, student teacher disengagement, role ambiguity, job insecurity and external actors such as student union, political union. Several schools have reduced stress in their work environment through initiatives such as supporting social systems. Hence the perspectives have shifted to improving effectiveness and to reducing stress by creating positive workplace communication including co-operation and teamwork among teachers, students, higher management and Parent teacher Association (PTA).
Due to very low student teacher ratio, increased levels of work as well as difficulties in teaching have contributed to stress in teaching profession. The following research attempt to study the ignited and impact of stress among the teachers teaching at different level. Action Plan Identify the purpose of investigation : The data which has been used in this study has been generated from the teachers of different backgrounds in India. The basic purpose is to determine the magnitude and impact of stress among the teachers teaching at different levels.
The stress level may differ with the gender, marital status, education, different income levels, background, roles and responsibilities of the teachers. Method of Investigation : Since the purpose was to reach out to a good number of teachers in order to determine the different roles that stress plays in their life, a Questionnaire was circulated online. The questionnaire contains 80 questions based on their demographics, roles and responsibilities, monthly salary, family etc.
Various us port factors are also said to determine the level of stress experienced by different teachers across the country. These factors include: Peer support, Society support, Superior Support The idea is to determine their level of understanding of their roles and responsibilities, amount of stress they experience and the factors which help reducing this stress. The results will then be compiled to draw conclusions. Analyze and form Hypothesis with the acquired data: Correspondingly T tests, Nova was done to deduce the correct hypothesis from the data collected.
Literature review Stress is a general term used for pressure that people are exposed to in life (Ling Eng and Shushes Lie, 2007) may be defined as the individual harmony effort that the person displays against a stimulant which has excessive psychological and physical pressure on the person. Sources of stress may be classified as individual, organizational and outside of organization or it is Seibel to divide them into two groups as individual and organizational components (DRP. Taxman Tanoaks and DRP.
Feign Ares, 2011 Organizational stress is the excess demands of work which exceed the skills of the worker in the interaction between working conditions and the worker (Ross and Altimeter, 1994). It is an established fact that the performance of teacher mainly depends upon his psychological state of mind. As occupational stress affects the physical and psychological wellbeing of the teacher; it is definitely influences his efficiency and performance (Ms Rain Rite, Sings Gamer, 2012). Teaching in India was considered to be the highest form of professional life in the early ages.
Slowly the profession has been reduced to a job opted for as the last recourse. Most believe that teaching is a profession one succumbs to and not chooses. Teaching has an influence in developing ones mind and character and also gives the satisfaction of having sparked the light of knowledge and dispelled the clouds of ignorance (1 Teachers in India today have no perks or benefits, no medical insurance, few opportunities for promotions, inefficient management support, excess work load, overlapping job roles and insufficient training. At the same time teachers are accountable to various parties’ biz. Arenas, board members, students and the school management. Adding to the burden is the fact that teaching is one of the lowest paying professions in the country. For centuries, teaching has been characterized as a profession that is “emotionally taxing and potentially frustrating” (Timothy R. Elliott , Richard Shuck, 1996). There are various factor for stress caused in the teaching profession: 1. Poor quality of professional training 2. Stress due to various channels of accountability 3. High responsibility and low rewards 4. Overlapping job roles . Stress from student and parent unions 6.
Stress due to student misbehaver 7. Stress due to poor results As per a survey conducted by Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development and published in Statistical Year Book-2014 by Moist, there are 27,83,757 teachers in various institutions in India. According to a survey by the ministry of human resource and development (MOHR), 7. 74 lake teachers in government schools are untrained. There are only 1,178 government-run institutions and 12,689 self-financed affiliated colleges running teacher education programs (Telegraph, 29th April Sunday 2012).
In order to measure the quality of teachers the government held a Central Teacher Eligibility test in CBS in 2012 where 93% of the candidates failed. Individual stress in teachers is mostly caused due to insufficient training to perform the work roles required and excessive pressure through various parties. Stress and Social Support in Schools peer Support Peer support is a system of giving and receiving help founded on key principles of respect shared responsibility, mutual agreement of what is helpful.
It is about understanding peer situation empathetically through hared experiences of emotional and psychological pain. Senior Management support The senior management play a significant role in causing or preventing stress by their behavior towards their staff. Higher management can make a difference between the success and frustration of the teachers. Ideally, senior management support means truly backing a project and the team that is implementing it. It may include: coaching the team, removing obstacles, championing the project, and doing everything possible to ensure successful results.
Social Support This is the support from outside the institution. Psychological and emotional support from family and friends outside of the organization has been shown to mediate the harmful effects of job stress. Social support can be measured as the perception that one has assistance available, the actual received assistance, or the degree to which a person is integrated in a social network. Support from students’ parents Research shows that students do better in school when parents talk often to teachers and become involved in the school.
Parents should be open to the stringent action taken by the management to enforce discipline. Factors causing Stress 1 . Stress from poor performance of students Quite often the teacher’s performance rating is loosely based on the performance of the students. Also, for majority of the teachers job satisfaction is directly dependent on this. 2. Stress from disruptive students Presence of disruptive students will lead to the digression of a teacher from his/her subject. As a result he/she may be forced to take stringent actions which may be unnecessary. 3.
Stress from student-teacher disengagement The purpose of a student-teacher relation is unhindered exchange of knowledge. A good timely response of the students gives the true joy of distraction for any teacher. But cultural, communicational and generational gaps may lead to a professional life without any satisfaction 4. Stress from job insecurity Teachers are employed in short term contracts minus the holiday pay which leads to the inability to take loans. This results in job insecurity. Thirties in the number of institutions has diluted the quality and this may lead to the loss of jobs. . Stress from external factors ( Student Union, Political outfits) Teachers might have to succumb to the unprofessional demands of the external political unions and student bodies in terms of the smooth injunction of the institution and conduct of exams. Hence, the teachers may be forced to take it up legally leading to further distress. Hypothesis HI : Female teachers are more stressed out than male teachers. H2O: Married teachers experience more stress as compared to unmarried teachers. HE: post Graduates are less stressed than graduates.
HE: Teachers working in Government schools are less stressed than those in Private schools Methodology We are in the process of collecting the data from teachers across the country. We have got 121 responses, out of which only 1 11 was only useable. We have o define decision variables and conduct a regression analysis to prove our hypothesis Empirical Study Variables Some of the important variables that appear currently in the study of organizational stress are listed below (Parke, 2005): Inter-Erie Distance Stress (RIDS) is the experience when there is a conflict between organizational and non-organizational roles.
Role Stagnation Stress (RSI) is the feeling of being stuck in the same role. Role expectation stress (RACE) arises out of conflicting demands originating from colleagues I. E. Superiors, subordinates and peers in the organizations. Role Erosion Stress RE) arises when a role occupant feels that others are performing certain functions, which should have been a part Of his role. Role Overload Stress (OR) is the feeling that one is required to do too much in his present role.
It arises also when a person feels that rather than being integrated with other organizational roles, his role is isolated from the mainstream of organizational life. Role Inadequacy Stress (Pl) is depicted by the absence of adequate skills, competence and training to meet the demands of one’s roles. Self-Role Distance Stress (SURD) arises from a gap experienced between one’s incept of self and the demands of the role. Role Ambiguity Stress (RA) is experienced when there is a lack of clarity about the demands of the role.