PUBLICHEALTH PROPOSALThreedisparities found in my geographical area are diseases, injuries anddisability. Most common Diseases in the United States are heart problems,cancer, obesity and also arthritisChronic diseases and conditions such as heart disease,stroke, cancer, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and arthritis. One or four adultsdevelop chronic diseases at some point in their lives. One in four adultshad two or more chronic health conditions. Obesity is a serious concern as mostpeople do not practice eating healthy hence grow obese. Disabilities in theUnites states ranges from Difficulty in walking, moving up the stairs, lifting,mental disability, learning disability, Alzheimer, trouble concentrating.
Disability among children is 4.4% in the unites states. As people grow older,the rate of disability rises from 4 % at 6 years to 50 % at 65 years.
Disability among youth aged 15 years is 21% Howmortality and morbidity data can be used in a public health setting to create programmesaimedat decreasing the percentage Crude mortality rate also referred to as crudedeath rate data can be used to plan for population- based deadly diseases likecancer prevention and treatments. This data is also helpful when specificrequirements in a certain population as compared to another population. It isrealized that the state with a population of older people usually have highercrude rate as older people are prone to diseases because of low immune system.Infant Mortality rate data can be used as public health setting to know thenumber of deaths in infants who are below one year, the causes of death ofthese infants will be helpful in coming up with remedies to the deaths.
Maternal mortality rate which is the rate used to measure the deaths that comeas a result of pregnancy will be helpful in a public health setting to know thecauses of these deaths by interviewing the doctors and the patients themselveshence come up with better ways of reducing the deaths. Sex specific and racespecific mortality rates are those that associated with a certain gender or acertain race. In the United States, male are more likely to die from heartattach compared to women. On the other hand, Morbidity data like incidencerates which shows how faster a certain disease occurs in a population can beused to know and calculate how healthy a state is, hence know how and when toprovide facilities and which facilities to provide. The data is also helpful toknow whether the provided facilities are put in use. In a public healthsetting, it would be important to know how often an illness occurs so as to beprepared.
This data therefore needs to be uniform. PROPOSALThe aim of this proposal is to addresshealth disparities in the United States. Over the years the united states as awhole have been facing various health disparities like diseases, injuries anddisabilities. Diseases like obesity, cancer and arthritis are among those thatpeople living in the United States have to deal with. Because of this, one infour adults do develop these diseases in their lives. Most of the people in theUnited States are found to be obese.
This is found to be as a result of pooreating habits, lack of exercise, lack of education on health issues and alsopoverty leading to junk lifestyle. Disability being another cause of concern inthe health sector makes it difficult for people to get good education. This isbecause there are people with walking disability, lifting disability and evenmental disability. Some have trouble concentrating. It is therefore importantthat these disparities be dealt with for purposes of building a healthiernation. Some of the ways in which this can be done include science basedresearch that can help close these disparity gaps.
Community and local healthauthorities need to be involved for success of managing disparities. Injury isalso a cause of concern in the United States being road accidents, foodpoisoning, falls from stairs, domestic violence. Social determinants like lackof access to quality education, poor housing and violence. Ways of managing these disparities is tohave Community health workers who are employed and based at the communitycentres, carrying out peer education will be beneficial. Managers can be put inplace to work with patients who have these diseases. Community Health Workerscan be encouraged to work with the patients as they understand thesocioeconomic status of these patients.
Screening officers and screening boothsshould be placed strategically in various locations in the community to checkthe conditions of individuals within the community. Peer educators will alsohelp a great deal in dealing with these disparities. They will be able toexplain to the affected how to handle themselves in case of attack.