Providing are essential for the dignity, status andwellbeing of

Providing and ensuring proper health and sanitation in refugee camps is avery important issue of the current world. The world health organization (WHO)plays a vital role as an actor in the field of public health. Safe disposal ofexcreta and hygienic behaviours are essential for the dignity, status andwellbeing of every person, be they rich or poor, irrespective of whether theylive in rural areas, small towns or urban centres even for refugee camps.When sanitation systems fail – or are inadequate – the impacts on the health ofthe community, on the health of others and on the environment can beextremely serious. This is evidenced in the annual 1.5 million cases ofdiarrhoea in children under the age of 5 and the recent outbreaks of cholera. Itis very important to ensure proper health as good nutrition is an important partof leading a healthy lifestyle special in case of refugees, as they undertakelong, exhausting journey which causes many diseases, injuries, stress. And,even poor cleanliness can result in illness. The Netherlands is a foundingmember of EU; it has made various strategies in term of accepting andproviding the best health services to refugees. There is the Dutch council forrefugees, which works to improve the lives of migrants in the country. Dutchcouncil makes sure that each of the refugees in the Netherlands doesn’tdeprive from proper health and sanitation services in refugees camp.Approximately most of the refugees in the world are children. United nation commissionertook an action to protect and ensure healthy environment for the children. It was a policycommitted to provide and ensure safety and proper health to children whose safety is atrisk. Since most of the children are not accompanied by adult, it was proposed the need forspecial action must be anticipated in every refugee camp. Thus they must get special healthservice and hygiene surrounding, as children are usually affected by infections,communicable disease. They are the one who are psychologically affected. They mustcounsel as long term tragic may result adversely in their development. The 1951 refugeeconvention provides that states are expected to ensure that the rights of refugees arerespected and protected. And as like, all citizens of country, the migrants and refugees areentitle to get proper health and other facilities in the refugee camps. It’s a matter of honourthat Netherlands is credited with having one of the best healthcare systems in the worldand expats have access to world class facilities and highly qualified medical professionals.The system is unique because of the Dutch medical scheme. In Netherlands, many healthcare centres established. And like any other person in Netherlands, asylum seekers can alsovisit a general practitioner, midwife, or hospital. There are special health centre for asylumseekers which is the first point of reference. According to article 9(1) (e) of regulation stateshttp://www.unhcr.org/excom/scip/3ae68ccc4/unhcr-policy- refugee-children.html.http://www.refworld.org/pdfid/52a0776c0.pdfhttps://www.humanityhouse.org/en/founders-partners/dutch- council-for- refugees/.the benefit for asylum seeker. As per the letter, asylum seekers have access to basic healthcare; even the state is providing psychological treatment as Consultation with psychologist.Conducting counselling session for women and children .Even interns from well knownhospitals is available, as none of the refuses are deprived from the health care services.Netherlands opened the gate for other nations and organizations for participation. TheNetherlands is developing the provision of sanitation services, thus increasing the number oflatrines in refugee camp. And appointed sanitation workers to clean or dispose of waste in away that is hygienic. Moreover the state is working to increase the supply of water as cleandrinking water, hygiene, and sanitation plays an important part in maintaining health.Netherlands faced certain challenges and problems while ensuring proper health andsanitation services in refugee camps. 1. The cultural difference where it’s difficult to adjustwith culture, thus it leads to communication problem. 2. The language difference, becauseof this, the doctors are unable to understand their problem. 3. Limited institution capacity,in term of time and resources. 4. The contradiction between professional ethics and lawthat limited migrant’s right to health care.Despite having an organized council, there are still problems that accompany takingrefugees. And the Netherlands strongly believe that it can be solved by:1. By creating plans to develop and promote awareness regarding health.2. Appoint independent official only to inspect and check the plans are working effectivelyin refugee camps3. Respective other countries also cooperate, in term of, medical aid and assistance.4. Respective countries contribute by providing adequate quantity of good food.5. Health program should be sustainable; other medical institution shall visit the refugeecamp and utilized their knowledge to ensure proper health.6. Increase the supply of medicine, vaccination, adequate equipment.7. Children affected by war and ongoing torture they must be properly counselled.8. Motivate and make refugees aware to take precautions, and to advise to live in a way sothat they can avoid diseases.9. To eradicate the food problem, it’s necessary to inspire and train children to keepthemselves and surrounding clean, i.e. wash before eating.10. More counselling for children so that they can overcome from the trauma.