Postmodernism While modernism was based on idealism and reason,

Postmodernism is an intellectual movement which first used since the
1970s, influencing many areas such as sociology, art, literature and philosophy
amongst others. The term ‘postmodernism’ is also used to reflect and criticise
established structures and belief systems that took place in Western society
and culture from the 1960s onwards.  Postmodernism
was specifically a reaction against modernism. While modernism was based on
idealism and reason, postmodernism was born of scepticism and a suspicion of
reason. It challenged the notion that there are universal certainties or
truths. Postmodernity is a fragmented, media-saturated global village in which
image and reality are insubstantial to define within itself.
In the case of ‘knowledge’, postmodernists argue that there is no secure basis
for knowledge as there is no primary criteria in which we can use to test
whether a theory is true or false- this is known as anti-foundationalism. A
consequence of this matter is that Postmodernism rejects the Enlightenment
project’s scientific manner of seeking knowledge. If we cannot guarantee our
knowledge is correct, we cannot use it to improve society.  Postmodern
society is inundated with information. Information has become abundant and free
during the 21st Century. Information is now fully accessible. We live in a
democratised society of digital interactivity. Postmodern learners are required
to know the difference between information, knowledge and data. Students must
develop information literacy skills and the awareness of their own selection
bias. The postmodern instructor must be able to walk with their students
through the data and information to the knowledge that is both involved with
the purposes of the course of studies and with the meaning relative to the life
of each individual student.
Jean-Francis Lyotard (1992) argues that knowledge is simply a set of different
‘language games’, therefore we should celebrate the diversity of views rather
than seek to impose one version of the truth on everyone.