PostWorld War 1 art development(Author’sname)(InstitutionalAffiliation) Post World War 1 art development The World War One was a demandingmobilization of the citizens and culture of the nations involved. Artists wereinevitably involved to record historic happenings or to serve as a distractionto the soldiers (Malvern, 2016). The war, which wasfrom 1914-1918, gave birth to artistic sensations that still have a legacy incontemporary art.
The war shaped andcommunicated art through poems, posters, carvings and legendary paintings from painterssuch as Virginia Woolf, John Dos Passos, Hemingway and Otto Dix and GeorgeGrosz. Visual arts were made to depict the moral chaos and its consequencespresented during the war (Johnson, 2012). Art was presentbefore the war but the war eruption gave rise to different art experiments toportray the destruction caused by the war culturally, to the landscape and tothe people (Merjian, 2014). The need toartistically depict the happenings of the World War 1 gave rise to art beingmore embraced and praised.
The World War 1 changed how art was created wherebefore the war, art was purely optimistic. After the war, art was seen toincorporate pessimism in its depictions. Expressionist and surrealist painters realizedthe need to depict the distortions and struggles the world was going through,which gave room for entrance of modern art. Some of the artistic sensationsinfluenced by the World War 1 have been highlighted below to emphasize on theimpact of the World War 1 to the society through artistic expressions. Wyndham Lewis Lewis was well versed with knowledgeof the business war. He was already a leading light as the founder of thecubism-inspired school as well as an author of the school’s journal Blast evenbefore the war began.
His work of art, A Battery Shelled, was a construct basedon observations. Being a soldier too, the construct demonstrated a group ofsoldiers looking out for the sterile landscape. The modernist art and poetrymovement inspired by Lewis was based on the unfolding human disaster the WorldWar 1 created. However, the art movement did not last due to the onset of theworld war and public criticism.
Lewis redirected his energy to writing andcontentious art work.Otto Dix Dix was a student in Dresden beforethe war began and he devotedly joined the German army. He was participative inas a gunner and was shot before the hostilities ended. His experiences in thewar influenced some of his most brilliant works of art. His work, TrenchWarfare in 1932, portrayed an atmosphere of evil and suffering.
It was inspiredby the dreadfulness of the war he took part in. Dix’s determination to provokethe public on war reality and imagery was not welcome but his work was used todegenerate art in exhibitions. His other work included Triptych Metropolis andPortrait of the Journalist, which depicted the disfigurations caused by the warto the German society.
Dix’s work is shown in the Otto-Dix-Haus Museum wherehis over four hundred painting and works on paper are exhibited. Paul Nash Paul’s artistic sensations by hisattempt to volunteer to the Artists Rifles but was injured and returned home.After his experience, he became a full time war artist.
His interest was guidedby the urge to be a messenger of the dreadful horrors of the war trenches. Hiswork, We are Making New world in 1918, portrayed non-inhabitation of humans inthe landscape. He targeted to show the rottenness of the landscape after thewar, which would be hard to restore and make sustainable again. His intentionwas to bring to consciousness the negativity posed by the war. When the WorldWar 2 broke out, Nash progressed in his imagery depictions of the wareffects. Paul Nash’s work in 1917, TheMenin Road, showed a ruined Belgian landscape that brought a sensation ofdevastation and irrevocable change caused by the war (Robinson, 2014).David Bomberg Bomberg was an artistic sensation inhis generation even before the World War 1 began. His inspirations were derivedfrom vorticism, futurism and cubism to develop art aesthetics.
He drew hisartistic insights from nature. His experiences as a trench private soldier andthe loss of his brother to the war drove him to make responsive paintings ofthe actual life of the war. His work, Sappers at Work, was a show of his lossof faith in machine-age aesthetics. Pablo Picasso Pablo was not a fighter himself,however he watched his French friends go to the war. He was a modernist artistwho spent his war years in Paris and could not ignore the adopted influence ofthe war. He watched the mainstream society and the country get torn by the war.
The change influenced by the war to Pablo was depicted through the Picasso: TheGreat War, Experimentation and Change, which is exhibited by the BarnesFoundation. Picasso embraced cubism in his artistic expressions to relate thewar effects. His World War 1 art expressions influenced his World War 2response since his nation, Spain, joined in the blood bath. His works were anopen critic to the war and its negative impact to the society.World War 1 helpedbring a new way of art creation, which pushed for change in aestheticrepresentation of art and broke the convention of rules used to guide artistsbefore. In 1917 when the war was beginning, the artist James Montgomery Flaggwas requested to make poster to mobilize young people to join the US Army. Thisis an indication that art was a great communicator before, during and after thewar.
The difference formed was on the way art was created. Impressionism,futurism, cubism and modernism was embraced to be the new way of art creation. Theidea of painting was changed through impressionist painting, which grewpersistent into the early modern era. Paintings such ‘Paths of Glory’ byChristopher Nevinson in 1917 was a revelation of impressionism in the artistpieces.
It emphasized on use of brush strokes and nice colors to convey the warmood. Before the war, art perceived to covey a happy mood and reveal beauty.After the war, art became a revelation of the world’s brutality and thepessimism derived from it. The painting ‘Gassed’ by the Briton painter JohnSinger in 1919 shows the soldiers at war returning from the frontline afterbeing attacked by mustard gas.
The general feeling derived from this piece issad the brutal experiences of the soldiers subjected to war and art was thebest way to reveal the inability of Europe to heal from the war. Otto Dix’swork ‘Der Krieg (The War)’ was a revelation of the destruction caused toGermany during the war. The painting raised issues on the morality of the warsince it depicted undesirable conditions fought in and deaths of the soldiersduring the war.
Art after the war was free from rules and the artists had thefreedom to express the current state of things, whether positive or negative.Most of the painting after the war were a tool of communication of destructionto the participant countries of the war with the hope that the outcry will makean impact to make the countries that were involved to come into a consensus (Tolson, 2006). The war revealedthe temporality of things and art was be used to reflect it. Temporalityfeatures revealed through art of the post war include temporality of life, goodlandscape and bonded relationships. War helped inspire modernism since the waritself was modern and led to changes in how the community perceived each other. Different artistswere influenced by the World War 1 after watching the war destroy theirnations.
Difference in the artistic expressions was dependent on the countrythe artist was in, direct relation to soldiers in the battlefield and theimpact the war had to their life. The impact was at a personal level sincehabitants, the environment, their friends and families were subjected to theruthlessness of the war. Most artistic expressions of the war have been a depictingthe devastation and unsustainability the war caused in the society (Munro, 2012).
Loss of friends andfamilies influenced the urge to make compassionate revelations and requests tothe people and the government to put an end to the war. The negativity of thewar had a greater impact to the nations involved rather than achieving thepolitical leadership and security expected. The depictions of life of thesoldiers in trenches fighting and lifeless bodies lying in the battlefield wasan outcry for the inhumanity of the war. The art depicted pain and the desireto change the situation. The world war conflict gave rise to distortion ofculture and hierarchy of leadership systems.
Jean Renoir’s ‘La Grande Illusion’was a piece that portrayed how the war damaged beliefs with respect to honorand hierarchy. The war change thestories the writers wrote and how they told them (Margery B. Franklin, 2013).
The World War 1 created an extra ordinary legacy of painting in regard tomusic, film, literature and painting to incorporate modernism. Modernismchallenged identities and raised questions in regard to how things are done andthe extent of damage they are causing. The rise of art modernism was created bythe prolonged war conflicts, which destroyed the countries the artists livedin.
The use of technological warfare items such as chemicals and machinery wasdepicted through art. The undesirable technological exposure soldiers wereexposed to was destructive to them and the environment. Art was used to raiseawareness on the exposure to technological damage the war brought to thebattlefields. The painting ‘Gassed’ by John Singer was the use of art to revealtechnological warfare items that were used to cause brutality and destructionto the soldiers and the nations.
It showed that technology was not there tohelp but destroy. The German artist andsculptor Kaethe Kollwitz had a collection of posters, woodcuts and deathly statues,which depicted the rottenness of the war. War supporters that believed that thewar was in defense of the country based their literature on the positivity ofthe war in guarding the country. The Briton poet Wilfred Owen in her workperceived that it is proper to die for your country. Arthur Doyle in his workwrote that pessimism in the war was not to be tolerated and appreciated and thebravery of the soldiers in guarding the nation should be applauded. However,the persistence of the war outgrew and destroyed their dream since the feelingof hopelessness to the nations and the soldiers overwhelmed the feeling ofsecurity and international superiority they wanted to provide to the people.
The modernexhibitions, galleries and museums have embraced exhibiting post-war literatureto portray what the war was like and the impact it had. War literature has beenseen as an interesting art combination, which draws the interest of many (Rogers, 2014). The New YorkSociety Library exhibits features from Wellington House, which are post-warbased literature specializations. The main contributors of the literature areThomas Hardy, J.
M. Barrie and Arthur Doyle, whose work is based on their visitto the troops in 1916. The MetropolitanMuseum of Art held an exhibition in commemoration of the First World War. Theexhibition focused on the horrors presented by the war. The works of artexhibited portray the variety in responses to war such as defense enthusiasm onthe purpose of the war to portraying the carnage, devastation and destructionimpacted by the war.
The exhibition highlighted art works from artists such asOtto Dix, Christopher Nevinson, Kathe Kollwitz, George Grosz, Gino Severini,Fernand Leger and Edward Steichen. It portrayed a picture of the varyingideologies, approaches and styles in response to the war and its impact tomodernism in art. The Guggenheim Bilbao Museo has also been on the forefront toexhibit post-war artistic literature. It hosted an American and Europeanpostwar art to reveal the difference in opinions on the occurrences of theWorld War 1 and the artistic developments that did take place. In conclusion, artdevelopment was greatly influenced by the World War 1. The difference on howart was perceived before the war and after the war is quite evident.
Thedisparity arises since art before the World War was used to express beauty andhonor while after the war, art was used to express a feeling of devastation anddestruction. There was a shift in the mood of art from a happy and jovial moodto a sad mood. Art expression was change through modernism since the war itselfwas a tool of modernization. The influence of the war to art changed howartists perceived art and how they created art.
The embrace of vorticism,futurism, expressionism and cubism as artist movements meant to bring changeled to a notable difference in how art conveyed situations and occurrences ofthe World War 1. The supporter of the war such as Wilfred Owen and Arthur Doyleexpressed their art literature with the idea of expressing positive insights tothe war. They aimed at giving insights that the war and their soldiers beinginvolved in the war gave a sense of security and safety to the people and thenation. However, most of the post war artistic expression portray destructioncaused by the World War to the soldiers, the citizens, the governance systemsand the environment. Artistic work form Otto Dix, Christopher Nevinson, David Bomberg, Pablo Picasso, Kathe Kollwitz, Virginia Woolf, John Dos Passos, George Grosz,Gino Severini, Fernand Leger, Hemingway, WyndhamLewis, Paul Nash and Edward Steichen are a revelation of negativity ofthe war in regard to how it was conducted and the people who were involved. Theart reveals negligence on humanity, use of destructive technology,environmental damage and hopelessness in the war.
The ending of the war gavebirth to great modernized art literature based on personal expressions andthoughts about the impact of the war. The post-World War 1 art growth towardsfree expression and modernism was so beneficial in expression of the impact ofthe World War 2 through art. In today’s society, post-World War 1 artliterature is still exhibited in galleries, exhibitions and museums to show theintensity in ideologies of the impact created by the war. The New York SocietyLibrary, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Guggenheim Museum have been onthe frontline to exhibit artist developments influenced by the World War 1. References Gray, J. (1993).
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