Phage therapy was discovered back in the 1900sto treat specific types of infections. This therapy can function as a healingagent. In the year of 1896, a couple of bacteriologists reported the existenceof antibacterial activity, but no further research or action was done. Aftertwo years, another bacteriologist found out the same results where someinvestigators related it or thought it is bacteriophage.
None of theinvestigators explored or expanded their results until Frederick Twort, abacteriologist from England and one of the original discoverer bacteriophage. He started the research, but could notfinish it due to financial issues. Moreover, Félix d’Hérelle, a Frenchmicrobiologist rediscover the therapy and experimented it at Pasteur Institutein Paris. He is one of the cofounders.
D’Herellepromoted that viral phage were live viruses, but his previous biologistsor researchers thought that they wereenzymes. In 1917, D’Herelle firstattempt to use phage as a treatment was on a 12 years old boy who was diagnosedwith a severe dysentery. A dysentery is a bloody diarrhea. The boytreatment was a successful one because he recovered within a few days. Otherpatients with similar disease recovered within 24 hours (Sulakvelidze,Alavidze, & Morris, 2001).Theuse of bacteriophages as a treatment to control bacteria has changed thestrategy of medicine in some countries. It has numerous advantages that willimprove human health.
The development of phage therapy has become a priority ofmedicine. However, the main and global center of phage therapy and research islocated in the Republic of Georgia. It is the longest and most experienced and operatingclinics nationwide. Their success rate over the past ten years exceeds 95percent. According to the Phage Therapy Center, in the years of 1987 to1999, the Phage Therapy Center treated 1307 patients.
85% patient’s successtreatment, 10% patient’s health improved, and 5% the treatment had no effect(McClean, 2011 and phagetherapycenter.com).