Peers is one belonging to the same group especially based on age,grade or status.This is a kind of a certain person who belongs to the same age or social group as someone else.Peer would describe as one that is of standing with another plays a vital role to the youth or adolescents.The significant of peers to the teenagers is they will learn how to socialize others.As a teenager they were have a lot of curiosity which lead them to know eagerly about the certain matter.
Peer relationship to adolescences has too influences,the negative one and the positive one.The positives one are generally geared to recall details about one another,this pattern is probably even more powerful among teenagers who are hyper attentive to social minertiae: who is in who is out,who like whom,who is mad at whom.Their penchant to social drama is not only a way of distracting themselves from their schoolwork or of driving adults crazy.It is actually a neurological sensitivity initiated by hormonal changes .In understanding adolescents substance use the role of peers is often emphasize as a key influence on initiation to an recovery from substance use addiction .
Although the role of peers is a critical factor in adults recovery,it is a particularly salient influence in adolescences,making it all the important to understand peer influence at this development stage peer influence and adolescents substance use that there is an increasing body of research investigating the role of peers .Much of my research among adolescents has focused on the initiation of substance use.Although research specific to adolescents recovery is becoming increasingly common,research investigating recovery sports an adults is more developed.Therefore ,research specific to adolescents in recovery is used where possible,but it is supplemented with research with adult.Population or research with adult population or research on adolescents drug initiation and noted as throughout.
The negative peer influence increased substance use are when tears are often highly influential in convincing one another to try alcohol,tobacco or other drugs for the first time or to persist in substance use and abuse .Peers perceived as higher status ,or more”popular”can be especially influential.This negative peer influence is often described as an “iatrogenic” effect,referring to the idea that a treatment intended to provide a benefit promoting health and discouraging drug use might unintentionally facilitate the behavior it was intended to prevent point out that most interventions with you who have a history of deviant behavior are implemented in groups of youth with similar behavioral histories who have been separated from their”mainstream”peers are compelled to participate in particular intervention often resulting in an increase in risky behaviors among the targeted group despite intentions to reduce those behaviors.
The positive peer support empathy and encouragement towards society is colloquial knowledge and research evidence,as reported support the idea the drug using adolescents can influence their peers to use drugs for the first time,my research also suggest that peers can have a positive influence.In peer support services has a particular meaning,referring specifically to individuals who have/had direct(or indirect,for example through a family member)research and practice with peer based recovery support services have developed more structure and evidence base in recent years.Although not all research is specific to adolescents peer-based services.When peer influence is particularly salient and sober peers are more difficult to find.This findings however,only indicate associations between attendance and outcomes are causal conclusions are limited by a number of methodological considerations.The relationship between positive peer influence and sobriety is likely be-directional.Throughout the research,it is clear that there is a significant association between having sober peers and maintaining sobriety.
Different studies,however,support the ideas that having non using peers in predictive of sobriety among a general population of adolescents.The negative peer influence and the positive peer support is easily applied to the context of recovery high schools.According to my research iatrogenic effects would suggest that grouping together of youths who struggles with substance used would had to an increased in substance used among the population of students.Evidence for positive peers support also suggest that youth in recovery can provide empathy and encouragement to one another.
According to my research recommendations from faces and voices of recovery(2013)also suggest that the situation of recovery high school students within a broader recovery community might enable positive peer support to be particularly effective. There are positive peer support for example the school staff discussed a number of ways that students provides support to one another in recovery high schools,including emotional,informational,and affiliational support.For adolescents and recovery it is often uncommon to have same age peer s who are also in recovery due to relatively low treatment rates compound to drugs addiction incidents rates.This understanding of peer influence can also be seen in the physical structuring of several recovery.
In addition to peer influence related to substance used,recovery high school staff also reported peers influencing another in negative ways that are generally considered to be fairly normal for high school students.In addition to talking directly about the positive and negative influence that peers have. According to my research in addition to peer dynamics common among adolescents and dynamics related to accountability,recovery school staff also discussed issues that were commonly experienced by adolescents in recovery regardless of whether they attended in recovery school.According to my research when discussing peer influence in school,staff discussed to positive aspects-encouraging one another,connecting each other with community resources and providing empathy and accountability-far more often than they discussed negative aspects-pressure to use drugs or negative relationship dynamics.Although instances of negative peer influence were discussed,they were usually paired with an account of how the problems was addressed in a way that would maintain the supportive nature of the community.