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Mary Wollstonecraft’s revolutionary manifesto “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” criticises tyrannical social and political institutions through her treatise which reflect  philosophical, economic and religious paradigms of her context through her disputing many of the conventional ways of thinking of  the Romantic Era.  Many consider Mary Wollstonecraft to be the “mother of feminism”. 
This text was written is response to Rousseau, whose political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France as well as contributing to aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought that evolved . He   recommended that girls have a separate education from boys in order to  train them  to be submissive and manipulative. Wollstonecraft does not completely address the entire female gender but more so particularly middle class women as they are allegedly considered to  not have been corrupted by the extremes of poverty and wealth. The philosophical injustices within the Romantic Era , more specifically within context of the French Revolution motivated Wollstonecraft’s resentful tone due to her frustration with the natural difference of birth right men and women were born with. Wollstonecraft argued that a just God could not have created a “superior” gender. Mary Wollstonecraft defends the principle that it is inherent for women’s dignity that they be given equal entitlements to support themselves. 

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Philosophical thinking of the Romantic era reflected how society perceived women as “inferior”. Conjuring the profound French and British political disquisition surrounding the beginning of the French Revolution, she called for a “revolution in female manners” .Her egalitarian ideals were significantly  inveigled  by the French Revolution, which supported  values of freedom and equality which ironically is prejudicial as it  excluded “one half of the human race”.  Undeterred by a shift in paradigms, Wollstonecraft advocates to Enlightenment rationality, using the aphorism that “man’s pre-eminence over the brute creation” exists in “reason” and the doctrinal belief that the soul is deemed “unsexed”, therefore women like their male counterparts must be competent of reason and understanding, to enact her reasons for the significance of  gender equality. This text suggests an exemplary idea of what is considered now to be “equality” or “liberal” feminism .Wollstonecraft reflects the dominant nature of prejudice against women by being equally as dominant and defiant.  Whereas women were considered “slaves to their senses” and submissive, Wollstonecraft usurps the alleged patriarchal society by demanding to be heard. She states vehemently right from the early beginning  …”I must be allowed  to ask some plain question…” and proceeds to propose a number of provocative questions. She rejects the social influence and perception that women have no significant place in society. She goes to great lengths to explain how society accepts the dogma without question. Wollstonecraft creates a scenario suggesting that if women were not perceived as stupid and foolish, they could make distinctions between right and wrong and have rational thoughts. This prejudicial attitude reflects some of the   philosophical attitudes towards women  during that era, a thinking which prevented them from rising in society. She outlines how a patriarchal society depicts women as “fine by defect and amiably weak”. Their nature of being seen to be emotional labels them morally detrimental to society and labels them as objects
Furthermore Wollstonecraft discusses the economic barriers society has accepted between the genders in the context of the Romantic era. Women in Wollstonecraft’s time had no economic or legal rights and neither were they given any opportunities to do so. Upon marriage husbands took ownership over  their wives properties. Women could not vote not can they bring a case to court. If a husband failed to financially support his wife , she would have to find employment which itself was very limiting as employment for women mainly consisted of sewing and weaving. When girls were old enough they tended to work full time as maids seamstresses or servants.Wollstonecraft urged for women to receive a legitimate education. She asserted significantly (A bold action considering how women were generally not listened to )that  women should be allowed to be involved in business and pursue respectable professions . “I speak of the improvement and emancipation of the whole sex,” she declared. “Let woman share the rights, and she will emulate the virtues of man; for she must grow more perfect when emancipated. . . .”Wollstonecraft believed education could be the salvation of women: “the exercise of their understanding is necessary, there is no other foundation for independence of character; I mean explicitly to say that they must bow only to the authority of reason, instead of being the modest slaves of opinion.” She demanded in a tone matching patriarchal attitudes, that women should be educated in the teachings of  reading, writing, mathematics, botany, natural history, and moral philosophy. She endorsed efficient physical exercise as an aid to inspire the mind whilst stipulating that women receive an income being paid as equally as their male counterparts for their labour and that all women attain the right to own and sell property, be permitted to enter distinguished employment opportunities such as a doctor or lawyer. Wollstonecraft also  contended that women as an entirety  should be given the vote: “I really think that women ought to have representatives, instead of being arbitrarily governed without any direct share allowed them in the deliberations of government”This was something she felt could contribute majorly to the economic position of their country.

Another imperative  element reflected through Wollstonecraft’s way of thinking is that of the religious realm. Once again Wollstonecraft reiterates her stance on position of women in a patriarchal society this time  using religion as a persuasive reason for acceptance. Throughout the text the constant  use of inclusive language illustrates her strong beliefs or equality between genders as she seeks to persuade women that she metaphorically represents then entirely. This is shown in “when that wise Being, who created us and placed us here”. Wollstonecraft contended that the rights of man which she had previously advocated  applied  to women as a fair  God could not have created one gender being superior than another . She desired to change the ideas of Judeo-Christian teaching that women, having no independent moral identity, relied on their husbands for a spiritual and devoted relationship with God. She defied the precept and despotism of the Church of England, condemning  “slavery to forms which make religion worse than a farce.” Her fundamental beliefs in Christianity are uniquely her and and her beliefs are not influenced by others .She discerned the existence of God in nature and documented a mystical experience in which her “soul rested on itself, and seemed to fill the universe.” Wollstonecraft believed that “True grace arises from some kind of independence of mind.” She inferred that religion was a pivotal source in society. Hence , she had to prove that God wanted women to receive an education and be allowed to strive as individuals rather than objects of their husbands. Wollstonecraft  also argued that God, in his infinite wisdom, would not have made over half the population lacking in rational thought and that only men could make vital decisions.