Oswald Avery and His Contribution to DNAOswald Avery was born on October 21, 1877, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. His father was a BaptistMinister. In 1887 Oswald and his family came to the United States from England and decided to settle inNew York City.
When they moved to New York his father became a pastor at Mariner’s Temple on theLower East Side. He was strictly about his work and believed that personal life was not important. Averydecided to never marry so that he keeps his focus strictly on his work.
In the year 1900 Avery graduatedfrom Colgate University with a B.A. degree. While in college he was a leader of a band and got thenickname “babe” because of his small stature. Then soon after he received his M.D. degree at ColumbiaUniversity in 1904.
He went to practice general surgery for three years but then transferred to be anassociate director at a bacteriology division in Brooklyn. In 1913, Rufus Cole became interested inAvery’s work and asked him to join the institute at the hospital. Oswald Avery decided to spend the rest ofhis career working at the institute.
In 1955, Oswald Avery died from liver cancer after having it for a yearin Nashville, Tennessee.Oswald Avery made many contributions to science and they weren’t limited to just one type ofscience. Avery and his colleagues laid the foundation for many scientists to come. The greatest impactionthat Avery made on science is that they discovered the DNA is the molecular basis for passing the geneticmaterial to the self-replication stage. Before that, a lot of geneticists were saying that the protein wasresponsible for transmitting the heredity information. This discovery made them reconsider and evaluatetheir research about the protein. This new perspective on DNA, helped create James Watson and FrancisCrick’s model of DNA in 1952.
It shed light on a revolutionary understanding of the mechanisms ofheredity at the molecular level. If it wasn’t for Oswald Avery and his team it would have been a whilebefore we could get a correct model of DNA.Oswald Avery wasn’t only a geneticist, he made many contributions to different sciences.
OswaldAvery was a founding father of immunochemistry and contributed a lot of research to scientific evolutionof microbiology. He also studied the acute pneumonia virus which led to more viruses being classified. In1913, Oswald Avery published a clinical study covering tuberculosis bacterium. He went on to win theCopley Medal(1945) and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research(1947). Oswald Avery hasleft a major implementation of science as we know it.