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Organ Failure Report- Heart Introduction- Heart failure is more likely to happen as we age, but it can happen to any individual. It is not a condition in which the heart stops to work, it is when the heart cannot execute its daily functions as effectively as any other healthy human heart. There are many reasons that lead to heart failure, like Coronary artery disease. Plaque builds up in the thick and flexible arteries leading to CAD. Due to the build-up, the arteries become more rigid and narrowed, leading to less blood flow to the heart and it is starved of the nutrients and oxygen. CAD leads to one of the other reasons which are a heart attack, the heart requires a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood. When an individual has CAD, the arteries are blocked by plaque. The plaque which is hard on the outside cracks open the artery which leads to a blood clot causing little or no flow of blood to the heartAnother plausible reason for heart failure is cardiomyopathy. It is a condition in which the heart suffers from a cardiac arrest but due to reasons other than blocked arteries or blood flow, reasons like drug abuse, infections, alcohol, etc. One of the complications that come due to heart failure is kidney failure. The heart is not able to regulate the blood flow to the kidney which if left unattended can lead to kidney failure. Heart valve complications may lead to the blood flowing through the heart to go in the wrong direction. Liver damage is also a considered complication in which the build-up of various fluids applies more pressure on the liver disrupting its normal functioning. (Heart Failure)Plausible solution- A plausible solution to the problem of Coronary artery disease or Angina is a bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass grafting. In a bypass surgery, a blood vessel is grafted between the aorta (main blood vessel- leaves the heart) and along the coronary artery, past the narrowed/ blocked area. It is a quite common procedure with low risks depending upon how critical the problem is. The recovery rate of the procedure is faster than most surgeries, the patient should be out of bed in a day or two and return home after a week. The full recovery might take two or three months depending on the patient’s fitness, age and how severe the problem was. The source stated that “risk of having a heart attack, heart failure, or another cardiac issue depends on the number of arteries blocked. Blockage in more arteries also means that the surgery may take longer or become more complex.” (Heart Bypass Surgery) Effectiveness of the solution-This solution is quite effective and is believed to have reliable results.The bypass surgery provides excellent relief from angina and an improved quality of life. An alternative to the bypass surgery is Balloon angioplasty, this surgery widens the blocked artery by inserting the thread into it and inflating it. This surgery has fewer risks as compared to the bypass surgery but at the same, the bypass surgery is more effective. The Enhanced external counterpulsation compresses your lower limbs to increase blood flow toward your heart. This method is administered on an outpatient basis and does not involve any period of post-treatment recuperation, although the drawback is that the length of the treatment is quite long, about 7 weeks unlike that of a bypass which is just a few hours. There are no serious long-term effects, the short-term effects of chest tightness and high blood pressure will improve gradually with time, with the proper diet and a healthy lifestyle no serious complications are expected. Although the bypass surgery has significant pros, there are downsides. The risks involved usually are different from person to person and depend on factors like the severity of heart disease, type of operation, age, and state of health before and after the operation. The bypass surgery has a possible chance of internal bleeding, a common risk with any other open-heart surgery. There is also a significant chance of short-term memory loss, which in most cases is temporary but can also result in a permanent loss of memories. A less common but possible downside of the bypass surgery is a heart attack or stroke, which can be caused by a burst or leaking blood vessel.  (Heart Bypass Surgery)  Bibliography organ failure report Not given. “How Does Heart Disease Affect Women?” Lakeside Cardiology Clinic – How Does Heart Disease Affect Women?, Lakeside Cardiology , ^ pictureUnknown. “Congestive Heart Failure and Heart Disease.” WebMD, WebMD,”Heart Failure.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 23 Dec. 2017,”Heart Bypass Surgery: Procedure, Recovery, and Risks.” Healthline, Healthline Media,