One resistance in the developing world. Millions of people

of the most concerning health issues of the early 21st century is
the development of antibiotic resistance, causing a decline in the efficacy of
medicines against infectious diseases. Antibiotic resistance occurs when
bacteria are no longer susceptible to a particular drug and can thrive even in
the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic. Essentially, the bacteria
mutate or change to protect themselves, thus becoming “resistant”. Antimicrobials,
discovered in 1940s, were the beacon of hope against the infectious diseases
that had plagued the human race throughout history. But on the other hand, the
miraculous healing potential of antibiotics summons outspread and improper use.
In today’s society, complications in treatment and healthcare costs keep rising
due to misuse and overuse of antibiotics which is leading to antibiotic
resistance among bacteria.

epidemiological studies have confirmed a correlation between antibiotic
consumption and the rise in resistant bacterial strains. In other words, the
more the antibiotics are used, the greater the number of strains will adapt. Also,
misuse of antibiotics for example, ceasing the dosage before the completion of
full course of antibiotics and deregulated online supply of antibiotics are the
leading causes of antibiotic resistance in today’s society.

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problem with antibiotic resistance has moved from patients’ bedside to menace
global public health. Limitations in medical care and effective treatments, widespread
availability of dummy drugs and the regular practice of self-medication have
aggravated drug resistance in the developing world. Millions of people are
losing their lives due to drug resistance and yet the issue does not receive as
much attention as it should.

in modern medicines such as transplantation, neonatal care, cancer treatments,
safe surgery and obstetric care and ICU interventions all rely on effective
antibiotics to control infection. Without antibiotics these therapies will be
endangered Antibiotic resistance can expose humanity to great threats. To
prevent or at least slow down antibiotic resistance, the following can be
pursued by every individual:

a)      Avoid
taking antibiotics for common viral diseases such as, flu, common cold, sore threat

b)      Avoid

c)      Suggest
the doctor to prescribe antibiotics only if it is really necessary.

d)     Make
sure the course of medication is complete and not interrupted or ceased before
its completion.

e)      Install
a water filter. The World Health Organization has released a document which
stated that antibiotics and other drugs are being found in our water supply.

f)       Maintain
basic hygiene and avoid contact with infected individuals to prevent from being
in need of the antibiotics in the first place.

Rapidly surfacing resistant
bacteria threaten the exceptional health benefits that have been achieved with
antibiotics. This global crisis reflects the worldwide overuse of these drugs
and the lack of advancement of novel antibiotic agents by pharmaceutical
companies. Coordinated endeavor to implement new policies, renew research
attempts and pursue steps to manage the issue are extremely necessary. Over the
past decade, governments and private funders have worked persistently to expand
the access to drugs in developing countries, specifically for malaria,
tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. Although they indeed have achieved in doing so and
saved many lives but the effort was merely short-sighted. The global health
community must bring back their focus to establish both broad access to drugs
and its lasting efficacy of treatment. Or else, the day is not far when this
high-tech world returns to the dark ages of medicine, which lacked the miracle