No Europe in which the main vector were rats,

No one wants to give an illness to someone else or catch one themselves. There are diseases such as the flu, the common cold, pneumonia, and bronchitis, are easily spread by contact from person to person this is also known as a communicable disease. Prevention of spreading such diseases can be easily done by taking simple precautions. Good hygiene and distance from the infected are some of the sure ways you can avoid a simple disease such as the common cold. Immunization is also a very effective way to keep people from both spreading and catching diseases.

Good hygiene should be something that is kept up with especially when one is ill. Proper hand hygiene is a great way to dodge an illness, pathogens are easily transferred from contaminated surfaces to your skin and from there other places on your body where they gain access to the inside of your body. Therefore, washing your hands is one of the first steps a person may take to reduce the chances of catching a communicable disease. Besides maintaining proper hand hygiene stopping simple impulses such as touching your face, eyes, and nose can go a long way. Since individuals tend to touch their faces several times throughout the day this is when a bacterium gains access to the body. In the historical essay “The Bubonic Plague” they touch upon the lack of hygiene at the time and how this was one of the main reasons the plague was spread. The Bubonic Plague was a health crisis in 14th century Europe in which the main vector were rats, and because of the lack of sanitation at the time made it easy for the rats to spread the devastating disease.

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Isolation from those who are ill is one of the most assured ways of avoiding catching a disease or giving it. A blog post titled “On the Trail of Ebola” the World Health Organization (WHO) experts state “The virus is transmitted through bodily fluids, so a primary goal is to isolate the infected.” Those who are sick with any type of communicable disease should always be isolated away from others until they are cured of their illness. Though there are never sure signs of an infected person, people should be vigilant about anyone who shows common symptoms such a coughing and sneezing. “When an infected person coughed or sneezed, tiny particles of SARS virus were expelled, which others might breathe,” says an informational articled by Dr. Namita Singh titled “Stopping the Spread of SARS”. Furthermore, it is crucial that those who are contaminated to limit going outside and exposing other people to the pathogen and spreading the illness.

            Vaccines are a preventative measure taken by millions to help counter or decrease the effects of a bacterium. Vaccines work by challenging an immune response against a specific pathogen and then once you are exposed to said pathogen again your immune system will know how to fight it more effectively. In a press release by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) titled “‘Tis the Season for Flu Shots” it is stated that “Young children, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems are most likely to become seriously ill or die from the flu. The CDC recommends that most people get a flu vaccine.”