New York is a state in the northeastern U.S., known for New York City and towering Niagara Falls. NYC’s island of Manhattan is home to the Empire State Building, Times Square, and Central Park. The Brooklyn Bridge connects Manhattan with the borough of Brooklyn. The iconic Statue of Liberty stands in New York Harbor. To the east, Long Island has beaches, the Montauk Lighthouse, the ritzy Hamptons and Fire Island.
The first settlers were the Dutch, who settled along the Hudson River in 1624. the colony of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island was established two years later.
The State was named in 1664 when the English took control of the area and renamed it New York. As one of the original 13 colonies, New York played a crucial political and strategic role during the American Revolution.
The NY flag was designed by revolutionaries, there have been five versions of the flag since it’s first design. The design is based on the first state seal and a state coat of arms.
The New York flag features the coat of arm of the state of NY on a deep blue background. The NY flag was adopted in 1901 over a century after the coat of arms has officially been adopted in 1778.
The coat of arms is also featured on the state seal. The shield in the center features a ship and a sloop on the Hudson River, with a grassy shore border and a background of a mountain range, a cloudless sky and sun rising behind the range.
The shield symbolizes in the full sun the name and idea of Old York and the old world whiles the mountains, river, and meadow, with the ships, carry the name and idea of New York in the new world.
The banner below the crest shows the New York motto, “Excelsior” which mean higher, superior or Lord and is commonly translated as “ever upward.”
The New York State flag features a globe above the crest with an eagle soaring above the globe. The eagle on the crest proclaims,” Westward the course of empire takes its way.”
Left: Liberty, with the Revolutionary imagery of a Phrygian cap raised on a pole. Her left foot treads upon a crown that represents freedom from the British monarchy that once ruled what is now New York as a colony.
Right: Justice, wearing a blindfold (representing impartiality) and holding scales (representing fairness) and a sword.
The present New York State flag is a modern version of a Revolutionary War Flag. The legislature changed the field of the flag from buff to blue by a law enacted on April 2, 1901.
There is a face on the sun which is usually omitted on the NY flag when officially presented, however, most modern unofficial versions of the flag feature this face.
The state of New York houses over 4 million immigrants and is only a step behind the state California as the State with the highest number of immigrants.
This high number of immigration to NY has been attributed to the economic attraction of the State and it’s fair income taxes, moderate unemployment rates and it’s welcoming nature of immigrants in general.