Napoleon once warned, “China is a sleeping giant. Let her sleep, forwhen she wakes she will shake the world.” United states has been the superpower of the word foralmost two centuries and still is, but no one can deny the evidence that Chinais a powerful emerging nation. With almost a quarter of the world population,its massive size and a rapid modernization, China is creating structure capableto catch up with the United States and emerge as the next superpower.The People’s Republic of China is located in EastAsia along the Pacific Ocean. It is a vast country with the North East andSouth East part being considered the most modernized and developed part ofChina containing 95% of Chinese population, while the rest of the country wouldbe qualified as more rural than urban and is less developed due to the variousdeserts and inhabitable zones that occupies China. It is one of the oldestcountries ever documented with record dating back 3,500 years ago and 5,000BCE. China has a particular geographical position that allowed little to nointeraction with other countries except it wanted so.
It is by itself reallygeographically secure and could be compared to a fortress due to the fact thatthe ocean and the Himalayas border it on each side and the only road that doesnot pose a barrier would be its Northwestern borders along Kazakhstan.China is a sovereign state with an illiberaldemocracy and an authoritarian country ruled by a communist party for more than68 years. Its stable and multiparty democracy is established through the worldbased on various and strong alliances. The country itself is known for many thingsbut especially for its advances in technology, futuristic and innovativeapproach to invent and for the biggest open market in the world economy. The progress China made through the years areincredibly advanced at a point where its increase in power compared to mostcountries would make it the principal contender as the future superpower of theworld. The mains strengths of China are its powerful economy, which is backedup by its gigantic reservoir of labors and resources available in the country.The Chinese socialist market is the second world biggest market and economy bynominal GDP with the world largest economy by purchasing power as mentioned onWikipedia.com.
Until lately China has been the world fastest growing economydue to its incredible growth in this last 30 years. Forits leaders and government the economy of China is the main preoccupation becauseit would determine its military power and future organization. China is such animportant and large country that it has to be kept under economic stability. Also not to mention as one of the elements of power anation capability to defend, defeat and counter attacks are importants factorof military potential and influence. With the world largest military force inaddition to this manpower China also a nuclear power, could reign and attackanywhere in between Europe, America, Oceania or even its own borders.
China hasa standing force of around 750 millions of manpower available, with 2,6 millionof active trained soldier and 1,5 millions reservists. In addition to thiswealthy manpower China has enough weapons to attack and control United States,Europe, Russian or even its Asian neighbors.The use of force of China has shifted as itsinternational relation increase, from mainly a defensive country which doctrinewas to always call when an opponent breached to its wall, to a country of purepower developing a new way of combat with war under “high technology”, Chinadoes not stop the progress. The Chinese doctrine principles remained the samefrom the first days of the Empire until recently. China proves to empower itsinternational relations during the Korean conflict in 1950 or in Vietnam in1979 warning them of their traditions and attacking them for the protection ofthe country.
Because of how these actions were critical for its own safety Chinasimply changed and now reacts with direct force every time hostiles signs areshown close to its boarders.Alternatively China use of diplomaticforces also greatly changed. In the last year its effort to secure the Westernboarders greatly increase with a design optimized for future warfare.
Tomaintain a good control and defense China reached agreements which what couldbe seen as future alliances with various countries like Myanmar, India,Kazakhstan and the biggest of all, Russia. Both of these countries share thesame fear of United States and Western intervention into their own business andaffairs. Basically Countries like India, China orIran have tied with China and one day could form a powerful alliance infurtherance to dominate its objectives.
Besides its economy, military power and,more has been written about how population matters in China than anything. Itspopulation is the largest in the world with over thirteen billions China hasthe world’s largest population and the fourth largest territory. It firstrestricted the economy and created serious misbalance between regions in Chinabut ended up being a big reason for its development; it is only after thatChina started to make efficient use of its population that it became rich. Itfirst started with the unemployed of its less educated population creatingbetter manpower. When China opened their door to the West culture the Chinesepopulation learned the rules to emerge as a leading nation, since a long timeand after the birth of Confucius teachings China has always been obsessed withhaving a good education. Education is valued as one of the first step tosuccess in the country.At thebeginning of China’s economic revolution and freedom, Deng Xiaoping had the planto creat a reform called the “FourModernizations’: modern agriculture, industry, national defense, and scienceand technology.
” And proposed in 1983 ‘Three Orientations’ for the Chineseeducation system: education must be acquired for modernization, globalization,and to the future. The Chinese emphasis over having educatedand competitive population isn’t the only factor that pushed them to bemodernized. During the 19th century the lack of power in Chineseeducation, tradition and technologies gave westerners power over the countrywhich pushed China to concern about its future.According to research China will top theworld in term of education and with the trend of its people studying abroad going on, number willcontinue to grow and positively affect China to become the leading superpower.China is the actual most powerful state in Asia dueto its tremendous development and growth acquired by its traditions, culture, history,population and diversity. It is said that it would surpass all other leaders by2050 as mentioned on October 21, 2017 in an article made by The Independent.
As Gary Locked mentioned, “China’s history is marked by thousands of years of world-changinginnovations: from the compass and gunpowder to acupuncture and the printingpress. No one should be surprised that China has re-emerged as an economicsuperpower.”China has always been on of the richest nation, itsrapid rise from an emerging agricultural country to a dominant industrialempire took shorter than usual to achieve leaving many economists andpoliticians with open mouthed. Its development and attempt to industrializationwas divided in three phases.
During World War II The People’s Republic of Chinawas governed by a Soviet government making it a Communist country. With itsimportant geography and great amount of resources it played little role in theeconomy. At this time the borders of china were basically closed to internationalmarket, which partially slowed down its development.
The communist party inChina gave really little to the country, after the revolution and the end ofthe war China emerged with new politics and operated in different ways.Since then, the economy of China has constantlygrown. Government regulation evolved and allowed more freedom to the Chinesemarket with the years leaving the old communist and capitalist method of Chinain the past. The fact that government allowed business to grow and expand throughthe world was an important phase in the history of China and really helped forfurther development. With these changes it permitted unemployment rate andhomeless rate to decrease.
It also permitted the great international market andtrade in China that later became a strong. This reform was started in 1978until present and is considered is one of the most important economic andgeopolitical revolution in the world, by this time China’s capital income wasonly one third of the one in Sub-Sahara Africa and right now China is emergingas the world most powerful manufacturer. By this time China entered its reformera with his new successor encouraging urbanization and a socialist marketeconomy. Since then it has continuously grown because of how the new governmentallowed freedom to businesses.Because of the rapid evolution of its economic statussince industrial revolution happened, China has not studied one of the greatestproblem that would come with a big growth, pollution. Cities in China likeBeijing are considered to be some of the most polluted in the world if not themost, with the rapid expansion and development of cities it quickly becameuncontrollable making them heavily and dangerously polluted.
With the creationsof firms, with more cars and trucks, more demand of resources an increase inexhaust emission and energy happened.Withmore that 75% of China’s energy coming from burning coal, on of the dirtiestand most toxic substances to be burnt, its population started developingvarious illnesses like asthma or lung disease. With these data being shown tothe world, the government needs to make stricter laws about pollution for thebenefit of the country promoting reduction in air pollution and moresustainable ways for China to grow and find resources. Dueto this China has experiences great profits and developments in less than 40years providing infinite opportunities to more than a billion people and notonly benefits them but also the nations surrounding China like India or japan.It is a sign of future world super power to have an intelligent and diplomaticeconomic system.
But also notice that this rapid economic growth lead toserious environmental problems that were over looked but that is now slowingdown the success of China; it was published that about 6.5% of the annual GrossDomestic Product of China is lost because of air pollution, according to RANDcorp. estimations.To resolve this problem China is actually using a new”anti pollution” plan which goal was set up on August 21, it has been publishedby nytimes.com that “environmental authorities ordered more thantwo dozen cities in northern China, including many main steel productioncenters, to reduce air pollution by 15 percent this winter,” which would slowlyallows its economic looses to go back to normal pace.For further industrialization and economic growth ithas been clear that China’s used globalization as one of its dominant strategy. Lately globalization have alsobeen really beneficial for China where leaders around the world are thinkingabout alternative and solutions to in fact cooperate with the already powerfulnation that China is.
As far as China is concerned its process of globalizationdates to 1978 when the actual political leader, Deng Xiaping introduced newreforms and especially a new economic reform.Perhaps more importantly It is known that China’seconomic market is linked with the success and gains of others countries andpopulations, arguably there are much advantages from the globalization of itseconomy. The integration of International trade in China can be illustratednowhere better than by its performance since 1978. By 1996 the country enteredin the top 10 of the biggest trading Nations and took part of more than 4percent of the world total trade. Its rapid rise as one of the biggestinternational business brought to China multiple successes as an exporter andsince 2009 made China the biggest exporter of good in the world.Additionally Foreign Direct Investment played anotherrole in the globalization of China and has been remarkably good for China’sintegration in the world economy. Foreign Direct investment has permitted Chinato grow by diversifying its exportation through the world and was accompaniedby great advances in technology, labor, manufacturing and other skills thatincreased the productivity and economy of China. With this being such animportant concept for China, it has to exercise strict control to maintain theForeign Direct Investment and its economy.
These strict controls of the marketincreased flexibility and structural adjustment over current accounts andincreased the important ability of China to control and reverse the crisis.These controls helped to prevent attack and fraud on the Chinese currency andeconomy.Since it is difficult to prescribe and draw thesituation of China at this moment to make a detailed conclusion about itsfuture situation, I predicted the following scenario. With the government beingaware of China’s development, it will more policies to resolves its problemsand challenges. In agriculture more land will be reserved for China’sproduction and advantage making the agricultural production more efficient.Furthermore China will adopt less dependence to chemicals because of theirenvironmental laws.
With this being said China would invest in bettermodernization in rural area, to improve its incomes and inter-regionalinequalities between the East and the rest of China. In addition China willkeep strengthening its combat force and its political party. The biggestinvestment planned for the next 30 years will be toward its human capital,energy development, innovation, defense, communication, environment and biologywhich could make China surpass the United States. But if these current policiesare not working in favor of the country, based on the fact that all countryevolve at the same pace, China growth will slow down and increase itsunemployment. On the other hand if the policy are correctly working China willbe able to maintain its growth, reducing unemployment and the variousinequalities in the country. In this case with the higher production rate itwill have by the time, China will have enough military, technology, anddiplomatic power to become the global superpower of the world.Overall from what can be seen China is preparing tochallenge United States and the world. As I demonstrate in the paper, China asexpanded subsequently with its national securities changing its way to operatewith national forces, developing modern war machines and greater technologicalcapabilities to any type of conflict or resistance.
Over the last 50 yearschanged has changed from a simple developing country to a fully-grown andpowerful country, proofs shows tat it has become really important in both politicaland economical ways to the world and in fact the transformation continue togradually take form. This situation presents China with opportunities to changethe roles of power currently defining the global structure.Chinawas vigilant to western nation and was only driven by self defense but sincethen they opened their borders to western culture China demonstrated interestin the rest of the world but, at the same time, China has to ensures that itsimage and reputation to the world does not alter with the upcoming change itmight make.Fromwhat can be seen China is trying to invest in multilateral democracy to supportits interest, in this way china builds up a good image as an “responsiblepower”.
Indeed the increasedparticipation of China in global securities increased as the same time itsleadership position in the United Nations, World Health organizations or in theTrade. China revolutionized its mindset and ways to operate to a moreopen-minded, flexible and pragmatic one affecting its economic and politicactivity in policymaking leading to greater future and opportunities.