Mr. large ruminants. There were Holstein fresian, Sahiwal, jersey,

Mr. Asad Ali khan the
owner of farm welcomed us  and who has an
experience of 30 years. The administration started to guide us about large
There were Holstein fresian, Sahiwal, jersey, cholistani and dhanni(bull)breeds.
Cross breed animals are Friesian Sahiwal, Jersey Sahiwal.
The crossbreed animals have 25% endogenous and 75% exotic blood.


They have a bull for draught purpose. There are some
heifers also but more number of calves.
Hay was  present in the store room which
is used in case of fodder scarcity.
There are about 48-50 animals, in which there is 6 milking animals, 2 pregnant
animals (last month), 1 bull and 30 calves(heifer most of them were
pregnant).Total milk production were 79 litre per day and 3 time milking were
done there.
These animals were kept for enhance the productivity of farm.

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Animal housing were 1 roof system and open house were
also provided.

NO replacement strategy were there only culling is
done after 4 lactation of an animal.
We were informed about the identification of breeds.
Production of Holstein Friesians are briefed is about 28 liters of purebred.
Cross breeds have production of about 30 liters.
Mortality at the farm is 2-3%..
There are milking parlour and have milking 4 machines.
No use of oxytocin and bostin injection for milking.
Breeding strategy is to improve the genetic makeup.
Most common diseases are mastitis, dystocia and heat stress.
Weaning is done at 7-9 months.
9 months and 9 days is the gestation period.
Tail movement restlessness and off feed animals, mounting are signs of heat.
Tagging is done for identification.
Maturity is gained in 22-24 months of age but in 18 months is also required.
There is only artificial insemination no sexual reproduction. No grazing but
only stall feeding.
Fodder and concentrates rations are giving at 10% of body weight. Concentrate
is given at morning and evening as per requirement.
 Ecoflee spray and ivermectin were used
there to control external parasites.

Concenterate were consist of maize, wheat bran &
molasses only. All animals were fed the same feed there was no requirement base
feeding system. The management was very poor. Hygienic condition were poor.

Dr. Munib ullah told about the physical examination of
the animal for diagnosis of a diseases , how to take temp., pulse, respiration,
rumen motality, LDA/RDA (left/right displaced abomasam) and weather test.

Departure: We
departed from the farm at about 3pm and reached at university 6pm.



Departure:- 1 & 2 january 2018,8:30am from
transport office AAUR

Demonstration on livestock farm:-

NO. OF GOAT=60-70

CATTLE=almost 10



donkey=1,         Mare=1

Feeding based on concenterate,silage and hay in goats
browsing is also done.

Hygienic was very poor.

1st jan.

Dr.Asghar khan

When we were arrived at farm ,sir Asghar khan
demonstrate about the physical examination in sheep/goat.The method of blood
collection from goats and cattles.I n the physical exam the method of
tenp.taking,pulse taking,respiration taking,LDA/RDA,rumen motility,and
palpation of different lymph nodes of the body(prefemoral lymph
node,prescapular lyphnode and parotid lymph node.How to restrain an animal and
the method of blood collection in catttle and donkey also.the different
anesthetic techniques in calf and anesthetic injection sites.

Dr.Imran …On
the 2nd day Dr.Imran demonstrated about the age estimation of
different animals mostle sheep/goat,cattle.The restraining of animals and age
determination by dentition for different animals.Hoof triming was also done
there of a goat.



projected dairy farm

In dairy farm,120 total
animals were there Holstein Frisian breed. With about 28 heifers, 40 calves and
52 milking animals.IN lactating animal farm the lenth was 156ft,width 86ft with
slope system 1%.Animal space were 10ft and 1ft for faeces and animal resting
place were cubical(4ftx7ft) for each animal.There were 3time feeding and
milking system.the service period 40-50days.NDAP(tag) were in neck and on the
hoof to observe the animal feeding activities and other activies to monitor
animal health, by hoof tag to monitor animal standing angle and walking
time.CIDRE is also used there at 50-60days after parturation.Conception rate is
52% for mastitis controle every 15days after sub-clinical mastitis test is
done.Average production 34litre per day per animal.the feeeding consist of corn
9kg,silage 25kg and grass 2kg per day per animal.Vaccination were done against
FMD,HS,BEF,BRUCELLA and CLOSTRIDIA.Heat detection is done 6times per
24hours.Ecoflee was used against external parasites.dehorning is done in 1st
week.Before milking and after milking dipping is also done. Heifer farm was
5floor system 18ftcentre,16ft,14ft respectively.feed space were 2-3ft, animal
space were 8-10ft and 25ft for bedding of animals. Cooler fans with sprinkles
were used there sprinkled functional in summer season.

Ruminants Research farm:-

150 gaots including 10 kids,
370 sheeps

The main goat breeds were
beetal, nachi, dera din panah and agora breed.

The sheep breeds were
thali,  sippli and lohi. The feeding were
oat silage 200-300gm/day, 1 time concentrate and 1time fodder. Breeding were
done in march april & oct, November. Weight at birth average 3kg and
doubles after a month. BIRTH rate is in twins ,triplet(1-2%). Deworming were
done after 3monthes.  Male to female
ratio was 50%. Animal management was good. Almost 9-10 small sheds for


Buffaloe reasearch farm:-

Founded in 2005 the
institute located in bhoniky patoki is doing its research on the local nilli
ravi buffalo to maximize the potential of black gold of Pakistan.

Dr. burhan is the farm
manager who demonstrated about the farm parameters.

Management was very poor.