Longevity: annual or perennial Texture: soft and fleshy, gelatinous, cartilaginous, brittle, corky,leathery, or woody;dry, moist, or sticky; upper surface smooth, velvety, hairy or scaly.
Color of internal tissues (contextand spore-bearing component): white, pale brown,dark brown, or other (e.g. black, red).Form: pileate (projecting out from the substrate surface), resupinate (forming a flat sheet or crust), or effused-reflexed(forming a shelf with the base extending down over the substrate as a flatsheet); if pileate: simple or compound; stalked (stipitate) or sessile;solitary or clustered (possibly imbricate, i.e. several shelves overlapping oneabove the other); if stalked, attached at the side or centrally.
Spore and basidia-bearing surface: smooth, folded or warty, usuallyforming the fruit body under surface (e.g. corticioid fungi); lining verticalgills or lamellae (e.g. agaric fungi; Lenzites, Panus,Pleurotus species); lining vertical, downward-directed pores (e.
g. polyporefungi; boletes); on vertically hanging teeth or spines (hydroid fungi); onerect branches (e.g. ramarioid fungi) etc.Dimensions: size of fruit body;width of context, pores, lamellae.
Host: the identity or type of host supporting a fructification (fruitbody) may be important.Nature of decay associated with a basidiocarp on wood: white, fibrous orstringy (simultaneous delignification); brown, cubically fractured; pocket rot(selective delignification); appearance of any zone lines (pseudosclerotialplates).The fruit bodies of agaric basidiomycetes (mushrooms and toadstools) aredistinguished initially by their spore color (as revealed in the sporedeposit); the presence or absence of a ring around the stalk or stipe, and acup-shaped structure called the volva at its base (the partial and universalveils); the nature of the substrate (soil or wood); surface texture (smooth, velvety, scaly; dry, sticky, with fibrils etc.);and the form of the gill attachment to the stipe.