Living conditions should also be ameliorated for those living in favelas. Again, the government must invest on infrastructure and ensure that all houses have electricity and clean water, as well as that they are safe. This will make people living in favela feel valued and it is very likely that it will keep them away from illegal activities such as stealing, because they will no longer need to steal in order to sustain themselves.
Strengthening laws and the justice system is vital. Impunity must be seriously reduced and the justice system must be enhanced or even reformed. Citizens must be encouraged to report crimes that they witness as much as possible. However, they will not be willing to do so if they feel in danger by the criminals themselves or if they simply realize that the crimes that they report are never led to justice. It is the authorities’ obligation to ensure not only the safety of the witnesses and the citizens that report crimes, but also that there will be some sort of punishment for those perpetrating those crimes. Punishment must be stricter and that can be achieved by strengthening the laws concerning crimes and the authorities or the justice system being less tolerant towards criminals. Increasing the amount of authorities that patrol criminal spots, such as favelas or regions controlled by criminal groups could make those areas safer and less conflicts or homicides would occur.
Within the countries, political instability must be increased and corruption must be eliminated as much as possible. For instance, corrupted politicians or authorities must be strictly punished and their political power must be removed. Frequent control of the government’s activities would be a good measure to achieve this.
Last but not least, international cooperation can be proven necessary in reducing crime rates, especially drug trafficking. This could have the form of exchange of information concerning criminals and groups, or a transnational organization that tracks down and cracks illegal drug trafficking. Unfortunately, since a lot of countries’ economy is based on illegal activities like drug trafficking, some of them might be unwilling to cooperate. It is also difficult to organize cooperation and communication between countries and that is why agencies like UNODC are needed to monitor all processes.
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