Learning is a process to acquirenew information or to modify the knowledge present. Human learning beginsbefore birth and continues until death.
There are many factors that influencelearning including environment, motivation, intellectual ability, and age. Asone gets older, the process of learning also changes. But the most criticalfactors that influence learning in all aspects of life are grit, self-controland self-reflective learning.
One of the mostvital factor that influences success in one’s life is grit. According toDuckworth 2007, Grit is defined as a person continuing passion for long-termgoals and trait-level perseverance. As Compared to individuals with less grit,the individuals with higher level of grit are expected to display extraordinaryendurance to chase of their goals despite setbacks, diversions and other formsof obstacles.
Within educational context, potentially grit is described as an importantinfluence on outcomes such as students commitment, performance level, maintenanceand probability of graduation (Duckworth and Quinn 2009; Maddi et al. 2012;Strayhorn 2013). Forthcoming longitudinal research have shown that grit prognosticatethe completion of demanding objectives despite interruptions, obstacles andsetbacks. Anyone who has a goal set in his mind and is determined enough willeventually achieve it even if he has setbacks or he does not have any positivefeedback on his progress. According to (Duckworth, Gross pg320, 2007) highachievement level is predicted by inclining individuals to work very vigorously,continuously towards a highly valued objective for years and even decades. Grithelps students to achieve success academically. For particular students withhigh level of grit in high school juniors in Chicago, public school have ahigher chance to graduate on time that is 1 year later (Eskreis-Winkler,Duckworth, Shulman and Beale, 2014).
Grittier individuals are more highlyfocused on their goals hence they are able to stay determined towards theirgoals and professional careers and eventually achieve success. In west point,individuals with high level of grit are more likely to make it through thefirst severe summer in comparison with individuals with low level of grit. (Duckworthet al., 20017; Duckworth and Quinn, 2009).
Grittier amateur teachers have ahigher chance to stay in the profession of teaching, and amongst the teacherswho do intend to stay, those who are grittier are more effective (Duckworth andQuinn, 2009; Robertson-Kraft and Duckworth, 2014). According to one study,grittier competitors in the National Spelling Bee, over the course of yearsacquired more hours of deliberate practice which in turn adequately reconciledthe effect of grit in final ranking (Duckworth, Kirby, tsukayama, Berstein, andEricsson, 2011). Studies of specialist performances in distinct fields havefound that to attain a world-class level of skill thousands of hours ofextremely effortful deliberate practice is a necessity. In general, thecapacity to develop grit appears to be awarding for individuals, and itinfluences learning.Another important factor thatinfluences success in life is self-control.
Self-control is defined as one’sability to control actions, feelings and emotions. Like Galton, both Frued(1920) and James (1890) Like Galton, both Frued (1920) and James (1890)hypothesized that for everyday success, the capacity to regulate concentration,emotion, and behavior was necessary. According to (Duckworth and Carlson, 2013)Prospective longitudinal studies have verified that higher level ofself-control earlier in life foretells future educational accomplishment andachievement. Self-control is required when there is a dispute between twopossible action tendencies one corresponding to immediate but briefly alluringand tempting goal and the other corresponding to a more cherished objectivewhose objectives are delayed in time, more complex or otherwise morepsychologically distant (Maglio, Trope, and Liberman, 2013). In general, muchof human behavior is goal oriented, if one learns to master the art ofself-control, he can be successful in life.
Self-regulated learning (SRL) isanother vital factor that plays a significant role in everyday success. Accordingto (Pintrich 2004; Zimmerman 2000), the process through students takes anactive, purposeful role in conducting, motivational, intellectual andbehavioral aspects of their own learning, is commonly perceived as self-regulatedlearning. Zimmerman definition of SRL is as one’s ability to control ideas,opinions, and actions for accomplishing academic goals and is one of theinitial and most generally accepted definition.