Is greenhouse effect is when Earths atmosphere traps the

Is global warming a hoax? Are humans responsible for the change in temperatures?Global warming is a worldwide issue that has been upon this planet for years. Politicians have questioned its existence and disregarded the scientific evidence. Throughout the years, the worlds climate records have shown a number of increasing disputes; humans are the leading cause of global warming. 
Climate change and global warming are concepts that people tend to confuse. Global climate patterns that change in a certain amount of time is known as climate change. An increase in temperature due to greenhouse gases and warming of the Earth’s atmosphere is called global warming. The greenhouse effect is when Earths atmosphere traps the suns heat and gives off extra to space. There are natural causes on the planet that release gases which can lead to climate change, such as the decay of plant and animal matter and volcanic activity (“Global” 4). These natural causes are not as impactful as human causes. Some of the most harmful gases made by humans are by the burning of fossil fuels, which give off an insane amount of carbon dioxide into the Earth’s air. The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have increased as a result of human activity since the year 1750 (Duncan 14). All of these gases become captured in the atmosphere, making global temperatures rise. The growth in heat can and will effect the planet in the future, which is why scientists are already looking into predictions. 
With the increase of greenhouse gases and global temperatures rising, there are a list of possible effects that are bound to occur. Sea levels will rise causing additional flooding in coastal areas, making them inhabitable. There would be an increase in droughts and oceans would become overly heated, resulting in extra hurricanes. Heatwaves would be far more extreme and polar ice caps would be melting at an alarming rate. Even now, glaciers are quickly melting ensuing in sea levels rising and islands are already beginning to flood. A report by NASA in 2014 concluded that the Western Antarctic ice sheet is in a period of unstoppable melting and collapse (Freedman 17). Not only will humans be extremely effected by these conditions, but animals and plants are endangered as well. The possible extinction and danger these species are put in will take an enormous toll on biodiversity and the ecosystems of areas. Now, what is being done to prevent these catastrophes? Are governments even aware of the severe destruction that global warming is going to cost the Earth?
With an abundant of deadly consequences, one would be under the impression that the government and the common man is taking measures into their own hands. Nations have come together to recognize the danger and potential loss that global warming can inhibit. Policies and efforts to restrict businesses and large industries have been implemented to help limit the amount of greenhouse gases being outputted. These regulations, however, carry a toll on the economy and its investments. Thus, nations are in a dilemma on what the most reasonable approach is to help. The Paris Agreement was created by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to limit global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius and to encourage nations to prevent climate change. Less than a year after it was enforced, U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the Paris Agreement, claiming that the compromise deprived businesses and corporations of success. A Reuters poll conducted after President Trump withdrew from the agreement displayed that 68 percent of Americans believed the United States should have lead other nations in fighting climate change (Lerner 26). This decision exasperated national leaders and climate scientists along with Americans all over the world. Not only did President Trump cut ties with the Paris Agreement, he ordered cuts to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and reduced the climate change program budget by 70 percent (“Global” 19). These cuts will make it more difficult for scientists and environmentalists to research a solution to this widespread problem. Worldwide leaders and officials are still searching for ways to aid the planet and stricter policies are being reviewed to help solve this ongoing dispute. 
The extreme consequences of global warming and climate change is seriously effecting the way species live. It is the humans responsibility to guide each other to help settle the issue. Politicians must cooperate and risk the potential loss of businesses in order for the world to prosper. With unity, Earth can begin its path to a cleaner, safer future.