INTRODUCTIONEducational Settings in Tertiary InstitutionsTertiary education is different in every institution, both local, international, private and public. In this report, we will be discussing about the educational setting in 2 different universities in Malaysia, namely, Universiti Teknologi Mara and Taylor’s University.
We will be discussing the history, aims and objectives, facilities, funding and management of these 2 universities located in Malaysia. The reason why we chose UiTM and Taylor’s University to put in comparison is because they are notable in their own ways and they have many differences to compare about.UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM)Universiti Teknologi Mara which is known as (UiTM) is a public university in Malaysia. It has 35 campuses in total all over the states. The main campus is based in Shah Alam. UiTM has 13 state campuses and 21 satellite campuses. Besides, the teaching is fully conducted in English.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVESUiTM’s main aim is to help bumiputeras in tertiary education in a professional institution to study programmes which include the study of science, business, industry, technology, arts and humanities. Providing programmes of study which are suitable with the current national development which Malaysia now calls TN50. UiTM also hopes to carve students into UiTM graduates who are able to survive in the workforce both local and international.FACILITIESThe facilities provided by UiTM are in line with the university’s education mission to become a world class university. These are the facilities provided in UiTM campuses:i) Libraries which are called Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR). These libraries provide books, magazines and dictionaries from resources that are regulated. ii) Food courts Food courts are available in every campus, as an example, in UiTM Dengkil, the food court is called Anjung Dengkil and it offers many food and drink stalls at affordable prices to give students a large variety to choose from.
iii)GymsSome campuses have gyms for the athletes such as UiTM Shah Alam, but like in Dengkil, there is a sports house which provides bicycles and other sports equipment. There are also courts for badminton, tennis, netball, basketball, futsal and a football field.iv) MosqueMosques are also built in every UiTM campus. This is As-Syakirin mosque in UiTM Melaka.
As one of the visions of Islamic Affairs Division, guiding people towards becoming individuals who are conscious in this world and hereafter is to expect the blessing of Allah.FUNDINGStudents in UiTM are lucky to have different types of funding provided for them such as loans and scholarships and financial aid. i)Loans and ScholarshipPTPTN is provided for students. Besides, for scholarships, they are many state government scholarships and loans that students can apply to support their financial.
Scholarship offers are advertised annually during the July intake, in print and electronic media. The organisations that offer such a financial support are Public Service Department (JPA), Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (KPT), Malaysian Ministry of Education (KPM), MAYBANK, Sime Darby, State Government Loan (Yayasan Negeri dan Pusat Zakat Negeri), Tunku Abdul Rahman Foundation, Malaysian Department of Orang Asli Affairs (JHEOA)ii) Financial AidThere are 3 types of financial aids provided for UiTM students: Student Welfare FundA maximum loan/aid of RM500 given to students provided that is not bound by loan or any means of financial support from any external organisation, comes from a household income of RM1000 or less. Besides, the applicant can not be someone who had just registered with the university. He/she should be in the university for at least 2 semesters with CGPA of not less than 2.35.
The applicant must maintain a good disciplinary record throughout the study period. Application must be made through the Scholarship & Financial Support Unit. Alternatively the application form can be downloaded from the Scholarship & Financial Support Unit portal.2) Students Emergency FundUiTM students are protected by this fund, which covers death, injury from an accident and terminal illness.
The amount of indemnity is based on the percentage determined by the Emergency Fund Committee, with the maximum compensation of RM7000 for the deceased. The fund is established to aid students with misfortunes such as death and accident. As for death, the compensation will be paid to the deceased student’s beneficiary in a cheque. Meanwhile for accident, the claim form is available at the Scholarship & Financial Support Unit website for download.
It is greatly emphasised that reimbursement is not limited to accidents and injuries occurred in campus or during practical training, but it is paid for incidents that happen outside the university, for instance at the student’s hometown. Students are advised to make their claims immediately after treatment or upon discharge from the hospital for speedy process. 3) Less-abled SupportThe Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia has provided a monthly allowance of RM300 for less-abled students of institutions of higher learninge-Waqaf.Besides all the financial supports provided above, in 2016, UiTM has introduced e-Wakaf (endowment) system as an effort to raise funds to strengthen the university’s education system and physical development. The web system was developed by the UiTM itself in collaboration with Perbadanan Wakaf Selangor and was launched on Jan 13. The contributions can be made either in cash or items from various groups that will bring great benefits to the university and its community.
According to UiTM’s vice-chancellor, Emeritus Prof Datuk Hassan Said, via e-Wakaf, UiTM would introduce Waqaf Am (General Endowment) and Wakaf Khas (Special Endowment) to facilitate those who wanted to contribute. Wakaf Am does not specify on any item or asset and the university can use the donation to build a lecture hall or else. Meanwhile for Wakaf Khas, it is more specific. As example, if the contributor wants the funds to be used to build the campus, then it will be used to build the campus and not on other things.
MANAGEMENT OF UiTMTo become the world class institution of higher education today, UiTM has went through a lot of changes and development. All of this dates back to the year 1956, RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre was founded by Dato’Onn Jaafar, who at that time was the then president of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). The first convocation was held in 1962, that foresee 50 graduates who received certificates from the then Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak. In 1965, RIDA changed its name to MARA College. MARA which stands for “the Council of Trust for the Indigenous People”. On 14th October 1967, Tun Abdul Razak Dato’ Hussein declared that MARA College was to be upgraded to an institute level and officially known as MARA Institute of Technology (ITM). Later in the year 1999, the former Prime Minister of Malaysia declared ITM to Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).