Introduction urban concerns. District level land use plans do

Introduction

Land is a valuable and
finite natural resource Land use planning refers to approach of judicious
allocation of available land resources for different activities for sustainable
development of country or region. Land is limited so its proper allocation for
different activities is very important. It’s role become very important in
country like India where population is very large. Land use planning has
certain objectives

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Land
use planning in India

            Land use planning falls under the state government. There
is no single approach for land use planning. Different sectors like mining,
urban, rural, etc have their own approaches. In rural households mainly people
are dependent on agriculture. So proper land utilization and cropping pattern
But yet there is no proper approach for land use planning in rural areas. There
is lack of integrated planning approach in country. Current land use planning
is not adequate

The Constitution (Seventy-fourth
Amendment) Act, 1992 provides for District Planning and Metropolitan Area
Planning that consolidates plans of both panchayats and municipalities having
regard to spatial (land use) planning. Currently prepared district plans, do
not cover land, environmental as well as urban concerns. District level land
use plans do not work properly, the regional development gets fastened by urbanisation
or industrialization. Cities and towns are emerging as centre for investment by
domestic and international traders. So cities and towns expand in size, proper
planning is essential for land utilization. Contribution of urban sector to
national economy increases.

Urban Development Plans Formulation
and Implementation (UDPFI) Guidelines (1996) recommended urban development
planning system involving four inter-related plans. For urban areas and metropolitan
areas Master Plans and Development Plans are prepared, sometime Regional Plans
such as for Delhi. Development Plans are prepared by the urban local bodies or
Development Authorities.

The National Manufacturing Policy
(Nov 2011), promotes integrated industrial townships, known as the National
Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) with at least 5,000 Ha area and prepare
environment friendly Development Plans. The state or local authorities such as
industrial development corporations are identifying locations for industrial
estates, special economic zones, investment zones/regions and industrial
corridors and prepare development plans for such areas. For example, the
Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board is preparing an elaborate Development
Plan for Dholera Special Investment Region, which is a part of the Delhi-Mumbai
Industrial Corridor.

Under the Environment (Protection)
Act, 1986, the Ministry of Environment & Forests, GoI notifies “Eco
Sensitive Zones”, which require preparation of Zonal Master Plans or Zonal
Development Plans that guide further development in the area. Eco Sensitive
Areas include protected areas like National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries,
Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves (total number: 659), which cover
about 4.79% of the total geographic area of the country. The areas other than
protected areas such as landscape areas, areas with historical value also are
covered under Eco Sensitive Zones.

Integrated Watershed Management
Programme (2009) covers marginal lands and area under rainfed agriculture. Irrigated
area has reached its productivity limits and the increase in productivity of
rainfed area is to be addressed for food security issues. With the support of
the World Bank, Government of India has started, Integrated Coastal Zone
Management (ICZM) Project for the integrated coastal zone management approach
in states of Gujarat, Orissa and West Bengal.

During late 1980’s, the Government of
India launched centrally sponsored programme Computerisation of Land Records
(CLR) and Strengthening of Revenue Administration & Updating of Land
Records (SRA&ULR) to improve revenue administration and the sordid state of
land records in the country. Government of India then merge the earlier two
programmes into a single programme called ‘National Land Records Modernization
Programme (NLRMP)’ which aims to have a system of updated land records,
automated land transactions, integration between textual and spatial land
records, inter-connectivity between revenue and registration systems, and replace
the present deeds registration and presumptive title system with conclusive
titling with title guarantee.

There are several existing policies
relating to land use. These include the National Water Policy 2013, the National
Land Use Policy Outlines 1988, the National Forest Policy 1988, the Policy
Statement of Abatement of

Issues to be addressed while land use
planning- Level of urbanization in India has increased from 17% (1951) to 31%
(2011).