INTRODUCTION People nowadaysneed to learn about how to have good public speaking skills as they need to communicatewith others in facing this globalization era. At least there are 6 reasons whypublic speaking skills are important, 1) public speaking can develop speakingskill, 2) public speaking can enhance critical thinking skill, 3) publicspeaking can improve quality of life, 4) public speaking can increase self-confidence,5) public speaking can train us to be a leader, and 6) public speaking canovercome the fear of speaking in public. Therefore, public speaking is a skill thateveryone have to learn, including the college students.
According to Yee and Abidin(2014, p.127) by learning how to speak in public, the students will have somebenefits such as they can brush up on their academic improvement, on theirpersonal and social interaction, and also on their career someday. In otherside, Legowo (2016, p.21) stated that role playing model can encourage studentsto be critical, they have appropriate knowledge base that are constructed fromother supporting subjects. College Students as a component of society shouldknow the social background of the roles whom they are playing in order toconvey scientific arguments based on knowledge owned. Thereare many kinds of public speaking skills such as presentation, oral speech, presentingnews, debate, stand-up comedy, et cetera. People usually do public speakingbased on their roles.
They maybe a lecturer, a news presenter, a master ofceremony, a host of an event, a debater, and a comedian. Since the college studentsare preparing themselves before entering working world in the future, they canpractice speaking by playing those roles in the class. Education experts callit ‘role playing model’. CHARACTERISTICSOF ROLE PLAYING MODEL Role playingmodel is an interesting learning model where students should play some roles asothers by considering the instructional goal, characteristics of the roles, therules, the duration, and the basic knowledges that are related to learningmaterials. Kusnierek (2015, p.81) stated that in role playing model, all studentshave task to pretend to be different person. As its prime goal is to booststudents’ interaction in the classroom, educators should not forget tointegrate such a speaking activity to reflect the theoretical knowledge of thestudents.
There 4 characteristicsof role playing model, 1) students can choose the roles they want to play, 2)students should speak more than just acting, 3) students should make a scenariobased on the learning materials, and 4) students prioritize cooperation thancompetition. These characteristics are general so that role playing model canbe applied by college students from any faculties. USINGROLE PLAYING MODEL IN FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION A lecturer inFaculty of Teacher Training and Education can apply role playing model byasking the students to play roles as teachers based on their study program. Forexample Elementary School students play role as Elementary School teachers, Mathstudents play role as Math teachers, Biology students play role as Biologyteachers, Economic students play role as Economics teachers, Chemistry studentsplay role as Chemistry teachers, Physic students play role as Physic teachers, andHistory students play role as History teachers. Undergraduate students ofFaculty of Teacher Training and Education will have ‘Praktik Kerja Lapangan’ (PKL) or professional placement when theyare in the seventh semester. Before they go to schools, they should pass 2 typesof teaching test, peer-teaching and microteaching. In peer-teaching, astudent plays role as an educator and the other students play roles as thelearners. According to Ali, Anwar, and Abbas (2015, p.
63) peer-teaching is ateaching method where a teacher divides students in pairs, in which one studentacts as a tutor and the other students act as tutees. They help each other byplaying their roles very well. Meanwhile in microteaching, a student plays roleas an educator in front of small groups of real students. Sen (2010, p.79)stated that the microteaching method is a teaching experience which isintensified and limited in terms of teaching period, number of students andteaching content. Through peer-teachingand microteaching, the students practice how to start a lesson, how to present learningmaterials, how to answer questions from students, how to give feed-back, how tomanage a noisy class with no emotion, and how to close a lesson. All thoseskills are public speaking skills.
USINGROLE PLAYING MODEL IN FACULTY OF LOWIn Faculty of Law, alecturer can apply role playing model by making a simulation court withstudents in order to give them good understanding of law. Lecturer dividesstudents into 4 groups, the defendant, prosecution, defense, and judges. Theprosecution and defense groups investigate a case, they present oral argumentswith some proof, and finally the judges decide the case with a justice. In linewith that, Shaw (2010, p.6) stated that students of Law use role playing model witha court simulation. Students on the defense or prosecution teams write briefs,present oral arguments, and respond to questions raised by the judges. Thejudges write reports on their final decisions.This role playing modelrequires a very high critical thinking.
Through this simulation all studentsapply their substantive knowledge of constitutional law and the jurisprudenceof their justice before deciding important constitutional issues. In otherwords, this simulation is an implementation of the theories the students had learntbefore. Besides, the students practice to improve their public speaking skillsin order to make others sure about what they are presenting.