INTRODUCTION Rossetti had gained much recognition during her lifetime


Rossetti had gained
much recognition during her lifetime and also became the foremost female poet
of her time after the death of Elizabeth Barrett Browning in 1861. Despite her many
published works, Goblin Market and Other
Poems remains her most famous collection and ’til this day, it continues to
receive critical praise and different interpretations.

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Through familial
relations, Rossetti became involved with the Pre-Raphaelite movement which
began in 1848 through three individuals: William Holman Hurt, John Everett
Milais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The movement claimed that the quality of art
had deteriorated during the High Renaissance and that it should return to the
Italian art produced in the Italian renaissance that reflected nature and
intense realism rather than the ‘artificial art’ being produced in the high
renaissance. This movement aimed to unite English painters, critics and poets
who must have: “genuine ideas to express; study
nature attentively, so as to know how to express it; sympathise with what is
direct and serious and heartfelt in previous art, to the exclusion of what is
conventional and self-parodying and learned by rote; most indispensable of all,
to produce thoroughly good pictures and statues”.  It can be argued that the aesthetics and
expectations of the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood is incorporated into some of
Rossetti’s poetry, including Goblin Market in which her brother, Dante Gabriel
Rossetti, had contributed his own collection of illustrations. As Christina
Rossetti was a woman, she wasn’t actively recognised to be part of the “brotherhood”
but still followed some aspects of the movement. In many of her poems, there’s
evidence of natural imagery and natural influence. This is presented in poems
such as ‘Shut Out’, ‘Echo’, ‘Goblin Market’, and ‘A Birthday’ where the usage
of natural imagery greatly contributes to the meaning of the poem.