Introduction been a major shift in all the large-scale

has always been a sensitive subject in discussion around in the
world. Ones race is essentially an aspect in sociological themes. It
is evident that since the 19th century approximately two centuries
ago there has been an evident change in the focus, form and
consequences with time over the two centuries. Even though race has
been known to be the defining future for all societies and especially
modern societies. There has been a major shift in all the large-scale
political processes related to it. During the colonialism and the
bio-logistic period (K.Bhambra), racism was both justified and
able to hold its way. At the dawn of the 20th century, there emerged
sociology theorists who produced both statistic and works centred
around it. Immediately after the second world war, the world saw
profound rise in civil rights movements, and there was a surge in
racial migration around the world. Therefore to change the focus of
racialism then it is evident that in the new millennium sociology
must be able to develop more efficient and effective racial theories.
These theories will lead to understanding and development of a more
adequate comparative historical sociology around race.

to sociologist (Miles, 1989), he explores that the concept of
racialisation has entirely changed over time. He describes this
change as a dialectal process. This means that racialization is
majorly attributed and influenced by the particular features that
exist in human beings personally. Miles further explores that the
process of racialization depends and entails of racialization of
different beings and it is all about the failure of the early
Europeans for failing to recognize the unique culture of the Africans
that were distinct and unique. Instead of the Europeans allowing them
to retrain and promote the finer points of their own culture, they
tried to influence the Africans to think and act according their own
cultures, and this created a huge cultural gap as (Fanon, 2001)
is a very important aspect in defining and explaining racialization.
However from the past history it is evident that racialization was
entirely based on biology and many people failed to understand that
race is a matter of both social structures as well as cultural
representations as (Omi and Winant, 2008) explored. Therefore,
with this view in mind, it is certain that both social structures and
social construction have greatly revolutionized how racialization as
a concept is perceived in the current modern times. It is entirely
true to say that although racialization for a long time has been the
defining feature in the modern society, we cannot ignore the fact
that it has continued to change its focus, form as well as its
consequences over time.
on gender
is true that socialization has influenced the society for a long time
compared to the new population this millennial era. In the past men
were required to endure all types of conditions. They were encouraged
to be brave and always stand up for their loved ones to protect them.
Men are supposed to rub it up and apply some dirt to it. This has
seen many males have increased in stress levels, deteriorated health
as they under-report their own health conditions and also
racialization has adversely affected how they relate to the society.
Women, on the other hand, are required to be more socialized in the
community and they have been given the role of being the caretakers.
Women in the past only attended to the lighter roles. This saw an
increase in negative perception and they were perceived as a weaker
sex in the society. However, with the change in focus of
racialization women have continued to be empowered over time. In the
new millennium, women can take equal roles compared to the men. It is
not unusual to find a woman who works and labourers hard during the
day, and in the evening they are required to tend and take care of
their own families. Single motherhood which was unheard of in the
past has become prevalent in the modern times. It is evident that
women in the past could not be able to sustain themselves If they
were single parents unless they had some help from their male
counterpart. This has changed over time and has led to the creation
of a stronger and more independent female sex.
of the race relation acts of 1950
the past racism was prevalent in many societies. Immigrants faced
racism in a daily occurrence it was so intense that there were signs
to ban black people from some vicinities. This meant that when a
black person applied for a job they were denied an opportunity to
work. However, after the race relation acts of 1950 were implemented
and enacted on it became illegal for most societies to judge based on
the color of the skin and this saw blacks were given the opportunity
to work and offer services. Overtime laws were made and prejudice on
different; people were made to halt and decline (Ford, 2017).
Compared to the past racialization in most societies determined where
one could set their foot, work and even interact. However this has
become a thing of the part .people have embraced their differences is
evident that racialization had changed its focus for instance when
the United Kingdom was celebrating its 50th anniversary since the
enactment of the race, and relations act. It was evident that the
country has entirely avoided the issue of racism which is still alive
and has continued to focus on how to make people more comfortable
despite their backgrounds.
movements and modernity
movements and modernity have played a significant role in
racialization. Both social movements and modernity involved the
formation of political alliances which had new ideologies compared to
those in the past, and therefore these allegiances played a very
significant role in shifting the focus of racialization. Majorly
these movements do contain people from diverse backgrounds and people
with a greater collective behaviours. This means that the societies
have a common course in addressing and articulating their issues and
subjectivity to be felt in public. When the societies become
modernised, then they can continue and progress over long periods of
time. It is necessary for societies to have modernised social
cultures. The cultures allow for the transfer of different ideologies
from different backgrounds of people making the societies. This makes
them to coexists and have a common understanding. Therefore for a
social, political movement to thrive, then it must have some
communication means that will be able to ensure its sustainability as
well as its continuity

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in personal ideologies

in the recent years has changed how societies think of each other.
There has been a change in racialization’s focus, and this has led
it not being applied to the whites-only. It is evident that with the
changing society the whites have stopped from being perceived as
racial or named as racial. Therefore the society has embarked on
living a normal life. The main important aspect of racialization is
the change in its consequences over the years. Oppressions,
sufferings as well as inequalities have become a thing of the past.
of new societies
the current modern world, there has been an emergence of new
societies. These societies are known as rationalised societies. A
rationalised society has changed the form of rationalisation over
time. In a rationalised society there is an equal allocation of
differential social, economic, political and physiological rewards
that are awarded to groups along the racial lines (“Racialized
Society”, 2017). This means that these lines are usually
socially constructed in an ideal rationalised society there are
residential segregation, low intermarriage rates as well as social,
economic inequality a racialised society it is common to find a
person who identifies themselves and build on relationships that are
racial distinctive. Therefore a racialised society by all aspect has
been ideal in changing how racialization has been perceived in the
through most of the world, White people have held all the significant
positions in the country. They determined all the economic, social
and political power as a result of this majority of the people felt
alienated and discriminated from holding various roles in the
society. For a long time, the word race was used to specifically
label people of colour or indigenous. This meant that when the
dominant race held the top positions, there was racial superiority.
Racial superiority has, however, become the thing of the past. People
are allowed to hold positions not according to their races but
according to their ideologies and personal abilities and merits.
essence, racialization has been used in many societies, and it has
been helpful to understand the history of many countries in regards
to race. Even though the idea of race is still in existence and
within has entirely changed its focus and form which have
continued to vary over time (“Racism and discrimination –
Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity – The University of Manchester”,
2017). Racialization has helped in a very significant way to
realise the ideological as well as the system ways and process
involved in various fields and work. The racialization concept is
susceptible. This is because it is a process that has for a long time
been able to define the future in a modern society.