Introduction been a major shift in all the large-scale

IntroductionRacehas always been a sensitive subject in discussion around in theworld. Ones race is essentially an aspect in sociological themes. Itis evident that since the 19th century approximately two centuriesago there has been an evident change in the focus, form andconsequences with time over the two centuries. Even though race hasbeen known to be the defining future for all societies and especiallymodern societies. There has been a major shift in all the large-scalepolitical processes related to it.

During the colonialism and thebio-logistic period (K.Bhambra), racism was both justified andable to hold its way. At the dawn of the 20th century, there emergedsociology theorists who produced both statistic and works centredaround it. Immediately after the second world war, the world sawprofound rise in civil rights movements, and there was a surge inracial migration around the world. Therefore to change the focus ofracialism then it is evident that in the new millennium sociologymust be able to develop more efficient and effective racial theories.These theories will lead to understanding and development of a moreadequate comparative historical sociology around race.Accordingto sociologist (Miles, 1989), he explores that the concept ofracialisation has entirely changed over time. He describes thischange as a dialectal process.

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This means that racialization ismajorly attributed and influenced by the particular features thatexist in human beings personally. Miles further explores that theprocess of racialization depends and entails of racialization ofdifferent beings and it is all about the failure of the earlyEuropeans for failing to recognize the unique culture of the Africansthat were distinct and unique. Instead of the Europeans allowing themto retrain and promote the finer points of their own culture, theytried to influence the Africans to think and act according their owncultures, and this created a huge cultural gap as (Fanon, 2001)explores.Cultureis a very important aspect in defining and explaining racialization.However from the past history it is evident that racialization wasentirely based on biology and many people failed to understand thatrace is a matter of both social structures as well as culturalrepresentations as (Omi and Winant, 2008) explored. Therefore,with this view in mind, it is certain that both social structures andsocial construction have greatly revolutionized how racialization asa concept is perceived in the current modern times. It is entirelytrue to say that although racialization for a long time has been thedefining feature in the modern society, we cannot ignore the factthat it has continued to change its focus, form as well as itsconsequences over time.Racialisationon genderItis true that socialization has influenced the society for a long timecompared to the new population this millennial era.

In the past menwere required to endure all types of conditions. They were encouragedto be brave and always stand up for their loved ones to protect them.Men are supposed to rub it up and apply some dirt to it.

This hasseen many males have increased in stress levels, deteriorated healthas they under-report their own health conditions and alsoracialization has adversely affected how they relate to the society.Women, on the other hand, are required to be more socialized in thecommunity and they have been given the role of being the caretakers.Women in the past only attended to the lighter roles.

This saw anincrease in negative perception and they were perceived as a weakersex in the society. However, with the change in focus ofracialization women have continued to be empowered over time. In thenew millennium, women can take equal roles compared to the men. It isnot unusual to find a woman who works and labourers hard during theday, and in the evening they are required to tend and take care oftheir own families. Single motherhood which was unheard of in thepast has become prevalent in the modern times. It is evident thatwomen in the past could not be able to sustain themselves If theywere single parents unless they had some help from their malecounterpart.

This has changed over time and has led to the creationof a stronger and more independent female sex.Roleof the race relation acts of 1950Inthe past racism was prevalent in many societies. Immigrants facedracism in a daily occurrence it was so intense that there were signsto ban black people from some vicinities. This meant that when ablack person applied for a job they were denied an opportunity towork. However, after the race relation acts of 1950 were implementedand enacted on it became illegal for most societies to judge based onthe color of the skin and this saw blacks were given the opportunityto work and offer services.

Overtime laws were made and prejudice ondifferent; people were made to halt and decline (Ford, 2017).Compared to the past racialization in most societies determined whereone could set their foot, work and even interact. However this hasbecome a thing of the part .people have embraced their differences isevident that racialization had changed its focus for instance whenthe United Kingdom was celebrating its 50th anniversary since theenactment of the race, and relations act. It was evident that thecountry has entirely avoided the issue of racism which is still aliveand has continued to focus on how to make people more comfortabledespite their backgrounds.Socialmovements and modernitySocialmovements and modernity have played a significant role inracialization. Both social movements and modernity involved theformation of political alliances which had new ideologies compared tothose in the past, and therefore these allegiances played a verysignificant role in shifting the focus of racialization. Majorlythese movements do contain people from diverse backgrounds and peoplewith a greater collective behaviours.

This means that the societieshave a common course in addressing and articulating their issues andsubjectivity to be felt in public. When the societies becomemodernised, then they can continue and progress over long periods oftime. It is necessary for societies to have modernised socialcultures. The cultures allow for the transfer of different ideologiesfrom different backgrounds of people making the societies. This makesthem to coexists and have a common understanding. Therefore for asocial, political movement to thrive, then it must have somecommunication means that will be able to ensure its sustainability aswell as its continuity Changein personal ideologies Racializationin the recent years has changed how societies think of each other.There has been a change in racialization’s focus, and this has ledit not being applied to the whites-only.

It is evident that with thechanging society the whites have stopped from being perceived asracial or named as racial. Therefore the society has embarked onliving a normal life. The main important aspect of racialization isthe change in its consequences over the years. Oppressions,sufferings as well as inequalities have become a thing of the past.Emergenceof new societiesInthe current modern world, there has been an emergence of newsocieties. These societies are known as rationalised societies. Arationalised society has changed the form of rationalisation overtime.

In a rationalised society there is an equal allocation ofdifferential social, economic, political and physiological rewardsthat are awarded to groups along the racial lines (“RacializedSociety”, 2017). This means that these lines are usuallysocially constructed in an ideal rationalised society there areresidential segregation, low intermarriage rates as well as social,economic inequality a racialised society it is common to find aperson who identifies themselves and build on relationships that areracial distinctive. Therefore a racialised society by all aspect hasbeen ideal in changing how racialization has been perceived in thepast.Historicallythrough most of the world, White people have held all the significantpositions in the country. They determined all the economic, socialand political power as a result of this majority of the people feltalienated and discriminated from holding various roles in thesociety. For a long time, the word race was used to specificallylabel people of colour or indigenous. This meant that when thedominant race held the top positions, there was racial superiority.

Racial superiority has, however, become the thing of the past. Peopleare allowed to hold positions not according to their races butaccording to their ideologies and personal abilities and merits.Inessence, racialization has been used in many societies, and it hasbeen helpful to understand the history of many countries in regardsto race.

Even though the idea of race is still in existence andwithin us.it has entirely changed its focus and form which havecontinued to vary over time (“Racism and discrimination -Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity – The University of Manchester”,2017). Racialization has helped in a very significant way torealise the ideological as well as the system ways and processinvolved in various fields and work. The racialization concept issusceptible. This is because it is a process that has for a long timebeen able to define the future in a modern society.