In the animal kingdom, animals do not fight over food as they are in the wild and food is available to everyone, so the first to obtain the food will get to own it. Even though another animal yearns it, it will not initiate a fight. On the other hand, they would fight over mates, territory and for dominance. Despite the disputes they have, some animals are able to reconcile without holding any grudges or tension between them in a short span of time. Good morning Mr Gwee and fellow classmates, today, I will be presenting on the how animals resolve conflicts and why we should learn from them.Firstly, we should learn how to reconcile from the animals as they can build alliance and compromise even after being involved in a big fight. This is especially seen in monkeys. By mutually grooming each other, they can help the groomed party to release beta-endorphin hormones which relaxes the groomed party, hence it would be easier for them to establish and maintain associates. Similarly, as intellectual humans, we can resolve conflicts this way too. Although we cannot carry out mutual grooming on the opposite party, it would be prime for the other party to loosen up and be at ease after the fight. This can be done by giving them a massage or going out for a stroll together to release the physical tension that both had endured. Secondly, animals are able to forgive and forget after the fight. Spotted hyenas are often seen frolicking, licking or rubbing each other within 5 minutes of the argument. These friendly acts allow them to dissipate any remaining tension. Since they are a close-knit group, they are forgiving to one another and will rarely hold a grudge.We can be as forgiving as the hyenas too. After a fight, especially if it involves our family or close friends, it is important to bury the hatchet almost immediately after the fight. By doing so, our relationship will not sustain any strain and will instead become stronger. There is no use holding onto a grudge as it would take a toll on your mental health. Thirdly, some animal species know how to diffuse chances of another conflict. They can achieve this as the loser will admit defeat and initiate making amends. This is commonly seen in goats, primates, hyenas and dolphins, except bonobos. Immediately after the fight, the loser will admit defeat and will make amends. Having a strained relationship can have long term negative effects on social bonds. Hence it would be better for all parties involved to make amends even if there is no clear loser. Atoning for their actions acts as a stress buster and helps to make the situation easier for them to collaborate again should they want to. In conclusion, all the above-mentioned methods carried out by different animals are ways of mediating a conflict. When met with conflicts, we should think clearly on our course of action before acting out. Reconciliation plays a big part in relationship building hence the methods chosen should fit the situation at hand. This is especially important when we are trying form diplomatic relationships or maintain our friendships. Just like how animals do not fight over food, we should not bicker over petty things so as to minimise conflicts. If we are ever stuck in a conflict, we can fight like animals. However, we should also reconcile like animals too. Thank you.