In the years prior the Civil War, UnitedStates seemed to be split between North and South. Both part of the U.S.developed along the poles apart paths. The South stayed largelyagrarian, while the North came to be more and more industrial. The dissimilaritiesin the economies led to the developing poles apart political beliefs along withsocial structure and culture. Disagreementsand tensions on issues such as states’ rights, slavery, taxes, and tariffs increasedprogressively and caused the Civil War.It isaccustomed today to state that the Civil war was fought over the issue ofslavery.
I agree with Robert E. Lee,who said, “This war is not about slavery.” Without a doubt, there were numerouscontributing factors, besides the slavery that triggered the war. Among thepolitical causes was the issue of sovereign state’s rights versus federalgovernment power. In addition, there were the disagreements over the issue oftariffs and taxes along with poles apart commercial interests of the North andSouth. Another causeof Civil War was the increasing differences in economies of the North and theSouth that brought both part of the United States more and more apart. Becauseof the industrialization and the urbanization, North went through the social restructuration that catalyzed such thereformists’ movement as abolitionism which was questing for the emancipation ofslaves.
The South, on the other hand, was conservative in the social structure,up keeping the feudal society. Furthermore, North went through the IndustrialRevolution and swift entrepreneurial grows, while the South kept being mostlyagricultural and grew at much slower rate. As the U.S.expanded and gained new territories after Mexican – American War, the boilingissue of slavery debate heightened.
Pro- andanti-slavery groups clashed in arguments over the status of the newterritories. What’s more, the new abolitionist’s political party, theRepublican Party, emerged. In addition, its candidate, Abraham Lincoln won thepresidency in 1860 on the platform of preventing the spread of slavery into thenew territories. In responseto the situation that came to existence after the presidential election, SouthCarolina seceded from the Union on December 24, 1860.
Other Sothern slave-holdingstates followed in withdrawing from the Union. The secessions brought about awar between the Northern and Southern states. The Civil War broke out in which theNortherners fought to preserve the Union, while the Southerners fought to createindependent confederation of states under its own constitution.